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Freud’s Theory of personality Development. Unit 5 Lesson 2. Objectives. Discuss and evaluate Freud’s Theory of Personality Development. Identify different defense mechanisms. Warm Up. What school of psychology did Freud establish? Psychoanalytic. Psychoanalytic model of personality.

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objectives
Objectives
  • Discuss and evaluate Freud’s Theory of Personality Development.
  • Identify different defense mechanisms.
warm up
Warm Up
  • What school of psychology did Freud establish?
  • Psychoanalytic
psychoanalytic model of personality
Psychoanalytic model of personality
  • Adult personality & social relations understood by knowing how sexual and aggressive urges were managed during childhood.
  • Sexual = life instincts (eros)
  • Aggressive = death instincts (thanatos)
freud s personality theory
Freud’s Personality Theory
  • Conflict b/t what is socially acceptable & urges (pleasure)=
  • Three part personality
    • Id (animalistic, selfish drives)
    • Superego (overly cautious, ideals)
    • Ego (balance)
freud s theory cont
Freud’s Theory Cont…
  • Theory focuses on sexual drives
    • Body parts sensitive to sexual stimulation =

Erogenous Zones

    • Libido – sexual/psychic energy focused on primary e.z. of particular age
    • Too much frustration or overindulgence = energy locked in stage: FIXATION
stage 1 the oral stage
Stage 1 – The Oral Stage
  • Age: Birth to 18m
  • Erogenous Zone: Mouth
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Nursing, Eating, Sucking, Gumming, Biting
  • Conflict: Weaning. Deprives child of sensory & psych pleasure of nurture, care, love.
  • Later Symptoms: Smoking, drinking, constant chewing (gum, pencils) nail biting, overeating, biting sarcasm, overly talkative
stage 2 the anal stage
Stage 2 – The Anal Stage
  • Age: 18 to 36 m
  • Erogenous Zone: Anus
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Retention or

expulsion of feces

  • Conflict: Potty training. One part pleasure from going, one part trying to control function.
  • Later Symptoms:

Anal Expulsive – messy, disorganized, careless, defiant

Anal Retentive – neat, precise, orderly, passive-aggressive

stage 3 the phallic stage boys
Stage 3 – The Phallic Stage (Boys)
  • Age: 3-6
  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling,
  • Conflict:
    • Oedipus Complex – sexual attraction for mom, aggression and jealously @ dad
    • Castration Anxiety – fear of losing penis (notice girls don’t have)
    • Identification – can’t have mom so will become most like man who can
  • Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Share dad’s values, morals, principles
stage 3 the phallic stage girls
Stage 3 – The Phallic Stage (Girls)
  • Age: 3-6
  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling
  • Conflict:
    • Electra Complex – sexual attraction for dad, envy mom
    • Penis Envy – notice boys have one, girls want one
    • Identification – can’t have dad so will become most like woman who can
  • Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Adopt mom’s values, morals, principles…marry man like father
stage 4 the latency period
Stage 4 – The Latency Period
  • Age: 6 to Puberty (11/13)
  • Erogenous Zone: None
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Sexual Repression. Libido turned to learning (gender roles, beliefs system, same sex friendships)
  • Conflict: None
  • Later Symptoms: None

* Puberty leads to sexual reawakening!

stage 5 the genital period
Stage 5 – The Genital Period
  • Age: Puberty on
  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals
  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Heterosexual Relationships, Intimacy
  • Conflict: What energy is left over vs what’s locked in other stages
  • Later Symptoms: No fixations…just deal with earlier resolutions
evaluation
Evaluation
  • Personality formed in childhood?
  • Observable?
  • Reliable?
  • Sexual desires as primary motivation?
  • Condescending notions of women (as incomplete men!)?
  • Cause of mental issues?
defense mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
  • Ego tool
  • Protect personality from hostile world…mind from anxiety.
    • Healthy Use / Overuse
activity
Activity
  • Popcorn Read
  • Applying Defense Mechanisms
closure
Closure
  • What defense mechanisms have you used in the past year? Do you use some more than others?
homework
Homework
  • Create a new example for each of the defense mechanisms we studied.
    • You may write a scenario or choose to do a role play/charade.
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