ACED 170 Air & Blood borne Pathogens - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ACED 170 Air & Blood borne Pathogens

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  1. ACED 170Air & Blood borne Pathogens Catherine Kroll, MPH, CPH

  2. What are some infectious diseases drug users get?

  3. Why do you need to know about infectious diseases?

  4. Expectations • Respect classmates and instructor • Open mind • Principles of harm reduction • Sex • Cultural competence

  5. Infection • Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms (pathogen) in body tissues • Being infected does not necessarily mean that you can transmit the pathogen

  6. Contagious • When a person with is infected with a disease and able to spread that disease to other people. • Some diseases are more easily spread than others • Factors in this • Way it is transmitted • The number of organisms required to infect a person to the point of causing disease • Individual Immune Systems

  7. Immunocompromised • When a person’s immune system is not operating at optimal capacity • Examples of Factors • Infection • Cancer • Medications

  8. Airborne Pathogen • Disease that is spread through air • Sneezing • Coughing • Respiratory secretions • Examples • TB • Pertussis • Common Cold

  9. Who is at risk for airborne diseases?

  10. Bloodborne Pathogen • Disease spread through direct contact with blood of an infected person • Needles Stick • Needle Sharing • Rough sex • Examples • HIV • Hep B • Hep C

  11. Who is at risk for bloodborne pathogens

  12. Sexually Transmitted Pathogen • Pathogen spread through sexual contact • Penal-vaginal sex • Insertive anal sex • Receptive anal sex • Oral sex • MSM=Men who have sex with men • Examples • HIV • Hep B • Chlamydia • Gonorrhea

  13. Relationship between substance abuse and some infectious diseases • People who use drugs are more likely to acquire infectious diseases • Steps can be taken to reduce their risk • Even if they are still using

  14. This week in the News/Journals • HIV transmission dynamics • Mississippi Child Not Cured