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Roman republic. The Romans Create a Republic . Geography of Rome and the surrounding area:. 1. Located on the Italian Peninsula, which sticks out into the Mediterranean Sea 2. Natural barriers for protection: Alps to the north

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Roman republic

Roman republic

The Romans Create a Republic


Geography of rome and the surrounding area
Geography of Rome and the surrounding area:

  • 1. Located on the Italian Peninsula, which sticks out into the Mediterranean Sea

  • 2. Natural barriers for protection: Alps to the north

  • 3. Rome itself was built on the Tiber River, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea


Geography of rome and the surrounding area1
Geography of Rome and the surrounding area:

  • 4. Soil around Rome = Fertile

  • 5. Lay of the land around Rome: city built on seven hills

  • 6. Rome sits at the midpoint of the Mediterranean Sea which allowed for protections as well as sea-borne trade and commerce



Three influential groups that contributed to roman culture
Three influential groups that contributed to Roman culture:

  • 1. Latins– farmers, shepherds who settled along the Tiber River, a region called Latium

  • 2. Etruscans- from Northern Italy – metalworkers and engineers, Romans adopted their alphabet and arch

  • 3. Greeks – established colonies in Southern Italy and Sicily. Romans adopted their polytheistic religion.


The beginnings of rome
The Beginnings of Rome:

  • According to legend….

    Romulus and Remus were children (descendants from a Trojan prince and the gods) abandoned on the Tiber River and raised by she-wolves. They founded Rome.


The early republic
The Early Republic:

  • 1. Etruscan kings ruled and expanded Rome- agriculture, temples

  • 2. Last king of Rome was a tyrant – Tarquin the Proud who was overthrown by aristocrats


The early republic1
The Early Republic:

  • 3. Established a Republic – definition: form of government in which power rests with citizens who vote for their leaders (freeborn males only in Rome)


Roman republic
Stop!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • List similarities between Rome and Greece about how their government evolved to reach democracy/republic


Social structure of the roman republic
Social Structure of the Roman Republic:

1. Patricians – aristocratic landowners who controlled most of the power

  • Inherited power and social status, allowed to make laws


Social structure of the roman republic1
Social Structure of the Roman Republic:

2. Plebians- common farmers, artisans, merchants who made up a majority of the population

  • citizens with the right to vote, but could not hold government position

  • Tribunes – elected representatives for Plebeians that served in the Senate


Social structure of the roman republic2
Social Structure of the Roman Republic:

3. Foreigners- could be citizens


Social structure of the roman republic3
Social Structure of the Roman Republic:

4. Slaves- no power, NOT based on race –prisoners of war


Governmental structure of the republic
Governmental Structure of the Republic:

  • 1. Consuls - two officials who commanded army and directed government

    - limited power: term length – one year, power to veto each other


Governmental structure of the republic1
Governmental Structure of the Republic:

  • 2. Senate - aristocratic branch of government, 300 men from the upper class

    - term length – life membership, which provided continuity and stability

    -powers – influence over foreign affairs and domestic policy


Governmental structure of the republic2
Governmental Structure of the Republic:

  • 3. Assemblies – more democratic side of the government, two types

    - Centuriate Assembly – all citizen-soldiers for life

    - powers – 1. Selected consuls

    2. made laws

    - Tribal Assembly – made up of plebeians

    - powers – 1. Elected Tribunes

    2. made laws for commoners


Governmental structure of the republic3
Governmental Structure of the Republic:

  • 4. Dictator – served only in times of crisis for six months

    - chosen by consuls and elected by the Senate

    - powers – hard absolute power to make laws and command the army

    - EX: Cincinnatus


Rights and responsibilities of a roman citizen
Rights and responsibilities of a Roman citizen:

  • 1. Right to vote

  • 2. Pay taxes

  • 3. Serve in the military

  • First written code of Rome, serves as basis of Roman law – Twelve Tables