Autism. By Claudette Baptiste Seminar. What’s autism. A complex biological disorder that last throughout a person’s life. Also known as a Spectrum disorder (ASD) - a milder disorder, psychiatrist defined as mental disorder associate with spectrum.
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Autism By Claudette Baptiste Seminar
What’s autism • A complex biological disorder that last throughout a person’s life. • Also known as a Spectrum disorder (ASD) - a milder disorder, psychiatrist defined as mental disorder associate with spectrum. • Also known as a Pervasive development disorder. - characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions.
What is a spectrum disorder (ASD) • A disorder that associate with spectrum of physiological condition characterized by pervasive abnormalities of: - social interaction. - limited communication -repetitive behaviors.
Epidemiology Autism is associates with mental retardation, epilepsy and several genetic disorders Autism is associates with specific neurogenetic syndromes such as fragile X syndrome, untreated PKU, disorders of the CNS (tuberous sclerosis) and Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome (PWS/AS).
Mechanism of autism • Minor neuron system (MNS) theory hypothesizes that distortion in the development of the MNS interfere with replication, which lead to social impairment and communication difficulties.
People with autism studies found irregularities in the several regions of the brain and the neurotransmitter s. Parts of the brain
Autism individuals • Social skills -Fails to respond to his or her name -Has poor eye contact -Appears not to hear you at times -Resists cuddling and holding -Appears unaware of others' feelings -Seems to prefer playing alone — retreats into his or her "own world"
Autism individuals • . Language -Starts talking later than other children -Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences -Does not make eye contact when making requests -Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm — may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech -Can't start a conversation or keep one going -May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn't understand how to use them
Autism individuals • Behavior -Perform repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping -Develop specific routines or rituals -Become disturbed at the slightest change in routines or rituals -Move constantly -May be fascinated by parts of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car -May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch
References Repin I, Katzman R. (1998) Neurobiology of Autism, Ann Neurol 43:7-14 Szatmari, P. Jones MB, Zwaigenbaum L, Maclean JE (1998) Genetic of Autism: Overview and new direction. J. Autism. Dev. Disorder 28-351-368 Ashley-Koch A, Wolper CM, Menold MM, ZAeem L, Basu S, Donnelly SL, Raven SA,. J. Autism Dev. Disord., 28, 393–405