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1st EPEC Private Sector Forum in Brussels Brussels, 30 October 2009
Agenda 09.00 Welcome by European Commission (EC) and EPEC • Moderator – A. Carty, EPEC 09.20 What is EPEC? • N. Jennett, EPEC 10.00 The EPEC private sector forum, what should it be? • G. von Thadden, EPEC • 10.45 Coffee break 11.00 The Credit Crisis - EPEC’s analysis • P. Coindreau, EPEC 11.30 The Credit Crisis - An investor’s perspective • E. Fuentes Egusquiza, Grupo Ferrovial 12.00 Delivering Public Infrastructure in the 21st Century • J.-C. Banon, Veolia 12.30 The Credit Crisis - The EC’s communication on PPPs • E. Visnar Malinovska, EC SEC GEN 13.00 Lunch
What is EPEC ? Nicholas Jennett European PPP Expertise Centre Brussels, 30 October 2009
What is EPEC ? • What are EPEC’s activities ? • The future of EPEC • What are the key lessons learned so far ?
EPEC is: A major collaborative initiative between the EIB, the Commission and Member States, established September 2008 Open to membership to public sector PPP taskforces in Member States and candidate countries EPEC works by: Sharing information, experience and expertise Strengthening the organisational capacity of the public authorities to develop PPP programmes Promoting good practice across the public sector EPEC’s activities: Information sharing – a public good. Based on member working groups supported by EPEC executive Policy and programme support – a private good. Bilateral working with member organisations EPEC’s mission: helping public sector deliver more, and better, PPP deals www.eib.org/epec
EPEC’s resources • Steering Group drawn from EIB and Commission senior management • EPEC staff provided by EIB and through secondment agreements with: • Public sector PPP taskforce • Financial advisory firm • Legal advisory firms • Regional public authority • Core funding provided by the EIB and additional financial support from the European Commission • Team of 8-10 professionals by 2010 • EPEC’s team currently includes nationals of France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Romania, Russia, United Kingdom
EPEC’s Membership • 27 Member organisations (October 2009) • All have policy responsibility for PPP in their jurisdications • Membership from each of the ´three tiers´of European PPP experience: • Central government • Regional administrations • Private entities with a wholly public sector mission (eg Partnerships UK, Partnerschaften Deutschland) • Informal collaboration with the private sector • Next forum to be held October 2009 • IFI collaboration being explored – principally through staff secondments
EPEC - three types of activities • Policy and Programme Support. Range of organisational and policy capacity building support activities for individual members. EPEC does not offer project specific support or seek to replicate services of the advisory community: • EPEC is currently working with four Member organisations on structuring their PPP programmes and refining the role of their PPP taskforces • EPEC has advised the European Commission at both a policy level, and in developing guidance for the TEN-T investment programme • Helpdeskand information service. Responding to ad hoc membership queries and providing regular market updates. Evidence based approach to assessment of PPP performance • Network Activities. Structured approach to identifying best practice in issues of common concern to members. Drawing extensively on the experience and expertise of membership
EPEC’s deliverables to its Members • Network activities: Value for Money, Guide to Guidance, Eurostat • Responses to the credit crisis • Market intelligence and dissemination • Focus on TEN-Transport • Work with individual members on their PPP Policies and Programmes
EPEC- Network activities • Application and development of Eurostat Guidance • Implementing Competitive Dialogue • PPP and value for money: • Analysis of independent audit reports • Assessing the wider benefits of PPPs • The European PPP Report 2009 (with DLA Piper) • Impact of the credit crisis
Responses to the credit crisis • Memberships workshops: • Understanding the impact of the financial and economic crisis • Guarantees and co-lending instruments • Implications for procurement • Membership working papers • Private sector perspectives • Public sector initiatives • The capital market • Consultation paper on responses to the crisis • Available at www.eib.org/epec
Market intelligence and dissemination • Market updates • Market monitoring • Specific analysis • Case studies • Analysis of project data • Newsletters
Development of EPEC • Support for less mature markets post-crisis • Development of market conditions data set, case studies etc • Development work with PPP Units (including developing secondments) • Supporting regional networks • Focus on TEN-Transport
Conclusions: Key lessons learned (a) Management and organisation • The importance of a ‘light’ structure. EPEC has no legal personality. Membership obligations limited to general commitment to share resources and information • Development of EPEC as a public sector club has been the key to effective information sharing between public sector bodies • Ability to cross check market issues with EIB and other financial institutions lending teams has been a valuable source of information and synergies • The market transactions and policy experience of EPEC Executives has been key to their ability to analyse strategic issues to communicate their expertise • Secondees bring extremely valuable additional perspectives as well as expertise but at possible cost of lack of continuity
Conclusions: Key lessons learned (b) Engaging the membership • The extent and diversity of PPP practice and experience amongst the Membership and the lack of culture of experience sharing is a challenge but also the main rationale for EPEC • Members are encouraged to widen participation within their organisations • Challenges of engaging the entire EPEC membership – the credit crisis has shifted the EPEC’s centre of gravity towards the more mature markets as well as major new markets • Strong links with the private sector PPP community are essential – but how to give the private sector something in return? • Capacity for bi-lateral working with member organisations is essential to ensure relevance for the wider membership
Thank You Nicholas Jennett European Investment Bank firstname.lastname@example.org **** European PPP Expertise Centre email@example.com Telephone: +352 4379 85434 **** www.eib.org/epec
The EPEC Private Sector Forum - what should it be? Dr Goetz von Thadden European PPP Expertise Centre Brussels, 30 October 2009
EPEC – A traditional Gentlemen’s Club? • EPEC allows the public sector to share experience • Joint working groups help to make the public sector a stronger and more focussed partner • Programme and policy support strengthens the institutional capacity to engage in PPPs • EPEC “primes” the public sector for a partnership
Public-Private Partnership – A Match made in Heaven? • PPPs are long-term relationships • Both partners need to see them as advantageous • Quality of PPPs is only as good as the input specifications • Public sector needs to assess its motivation for each individual PPP project • PPPs need knowledgeable and rational partners
EPEC – An alternative to a PPP Forum? • (National) PPP Fora normally discuss issues of mutual interest to both public and private sector. • EPEC is the first platform for discussing issues of mutual interest within the public sectors of EU member and candidate countries. • Members appreciate the exchange of experience (good and bad) in a non-competitive and like-minded group. • EPEC is an additional network, not an alternative.
Why would EPEC Members want a regular Private Sector Forum? • To define areas of needed research / improvement. • As a sounding board for new ideas. • To collect the private sector’s explanations for new developments. • To get additional input into EPEC working streams • Private Sector Forum trades input into public sector discussions for early briefings on new developments.
What format should the Forum have? • A semi-annual event in Brussels or Luxembourg. • An update on the results of EPEC’s work streams. • One topic chosen for more detailed discussion with presentations from different stakeholders. • Agreement of next topic for discussion. • Unlike the core-EPEC, this is intended as “EU PPP Forum” and ownership and format are open for discussion.
http://www.eib.org/epec Goetz von Thadden firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +352 4379 87613 Fax: +352 4379 65499 For more information…
The financial crisis and the PPP market Pierre Coindreau European PPP Expertise Centre Brussels, 30 October 2009
Credit crisis, the symptoms • Collapse of the inter-bank lending market, causing acute liquidity shortage • Banks lending reduced dramatically • Fly to safety: project finance loans have to compete with more attractive corporate opportunities • Disappearance of the syndication market leads to less flexible Club transactions • Banks reduced liquidity and limited refinancing prospects penalizes long tenors. « Mini-perms » become new standard in certain markets • Sharp increase in margins and fees • Many large banks phase down PPP activity. Some withdraw. • Regional focus and relationship banking back in force • No viable capital market solutions to replace the failed monoline model and, • Longer term impact of the Basle II rules and other upcoming banking regulations • Seller’s market turns into buyer’s market
Credit crisis, the consequences • Project finance market strongly hit from last quarter 2008: Pfi magazine reports 58% drop in activity in first half 2009. Up to 65% in EMEA region. • PPP market weathers the blow better than global market*: EPEC’s analysis indicates 30% drop in PPP signatures across Europe, up from 70% in first quarter. *based on publicly available data
EPEC’s first responses • Early 2009, EPEC makes the credit crisis as a priority workstream • In March, EPEC undertakes a market survey of over 20 key public and private stakeholders, PPP units, banks, investors, advisors and contractors, including extensive interviews • In April 2009, EPEC holds a member’s meeting to review outcome of its survey and exchange views and experiences • In May EPEC publishes its first « credit crisis » paper (for members only) • In July, a member’s meeting is organized to discuss the procurement issues linked to the credit crisis • Early August, an updated version of the credit crisis paper is posted on EPEC’s public website: « The financial crisis and the PPP market: Potential remedial actions ». • The first draft of a « capital market » paper is also circulated to members • In September, EPEC initiates a review on the ways PPPs are being procured across Europe. A final report is expected in the first quarter 2010. • It is expected that a public version of the capital market paper will be available by the end of the year
Potential remedial actions The report identifies 3 main streams for potential actions • Remedial actions within the procurers’ control • Addresses mainly procurement issues • Remedial actions within States’ or Public Authorities’ control • Addresses State financial support and guarantees • Remedial actions facilitating the entry of new investors into the PPP market • Addresses capital market issues
1. Remedial actions within the procurer’s control • Adjust procurement programmes • Avoid ‘XXL’ projects • Adjust procurement process • How best to cope with the competitive dialogue constraints in the current financial context, while respecting the 2004-18 Procurement Directive • Adjust contract durations or make the best of « mini-perms » • When long term debt is not available, « mini-perms » can be advantageous to the procurers as long as the refinancing risk remains with the bidders, at a reasonable cost • Improve the risk-reward balance • There is higher a price to pay for unusual/unreasonable risk transfer
2. Remedial actions within States’ or Public Authorities’ control • Up-front Government payments • May add value for revenue based projects, but what upside for the Authority ? • Provide liquidity under private sector guarantees • Most direst response to liquidity crisis. Low risk for the state, but almost impossible to refinance • Co-lending • More complex to put in place. Short-term, reversible solution. Act as market moderator. • Direct guarantee facilities: easier to implement, contingent only but no claw-back • Indirect guarantee facilities: underpinning, sub-sovereign and refinancing guarantees
3. Remedial actions facilitating the entry of new investors into the PPP market • Revive the monoline model • A highly rated government or multilateral body to provide bond wraps • Develop infrastructure bonds • Facilitate, through fiscal incentives or guarantees a focused infrastructure bond market (e.g. for TEN-T projects) • Stimulate the « un-wrapped » bond market • Lift the senior debt rating, through structural changes (e.g. adding a layer of sub-debt on top of equity) in order to raise uncovered bonds or highly rated senior debt • Debt funds: Raise long term debt from institutional investors
Results achieved so far • Multilateral lending sharply stepped-up • Co-lending being tested in the UK, through the Treasury Infrastructure Funding Unit (TIFU). Used only once (Manchester Waste), but appears to act as a good market moderator • State guarantees put in place in France and Portugal: first French project expected to close by year end (Tram-Train La Réunion). Many more to follow. • Funding facilities in place in France and Germany: first French education projects (Paris VII, Sorbonne) closed in July • Underpinning already common practice in France (Cession de créances) and Germany (Forfeiting). Ad-hoc usage in other theatres (M25, Polish A2..)
Results achieved so far (continued) • Other indirect guarantees also used on specific projects, e.g.: • sub-sovereign guarantee in La Réunion, • LGTT: « Loan Guarantee for Ten-T projects » (EIB), covering trafic ramp-up Used in Portugal (IP4 and Baixo Alentejo) and Germany (A5), • refinancing guarantee in Belgium (Brabo I Tramway, through April 2004 « de Lijn » decree) • Several private sector initiatives in progress in order to bring capital markets back to PPP financing • EIB considering a programme to facilitate TEN-T funding through various forms of credit enhancements.
Progress ? • The UK PFI market has remained quite healthy, with 32 projects closed in the first 9 months of 2009, ranging from £4m to £1,300m, for a total value of close to £5billion, within 20% of last year. • Margins in the UK stabilize around 250 bps. The TIFU appears to serve as an efficient market moderator. • The rest of Europe appears to be down by over 40%, with 6 large road projects accounting for 2/3 of the total value. • Government support was able to preserve large critical projects (often at high costs), rather than sustain mid market deal flow. • Financing conditions seriously deteriorated, with margins often in the 250-400 bps range. A real challenge to the PPP financing model • Short term successes, although the jury is still out as to the best approach to deal with the financial crisis • Serious long term challenges, (i) on the market, when stimulus measures are phased out and (ii) on the PPP model if the impact of increased financing costs cannot be mitigated.