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Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance. 1. Host country must ask for, or be willing to accept, USG assistance. 2. The disaster is of such magnitude that it is beyond the host country’s ability to respond adequately. 3. It is in the interest of the USG to provide assistance.

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ofda s response criteria

1. Host country must ask for, or be willing to accept, USG assistance.

  • 2. The disaster is of such magnitude that it is beyond the host country’s ability to respond adequately.
  • 3. It is in the interest of the USG to provide assistance.
OFDA’s Response Criteria

IF THESE 3 CRITERIA ARE MET:

The U.S. Ambassador issues a Disaster Declaration in SUPPORT of the host nation.

slide3
USAID/OFDA is the USG lead for organizing and managing foreign disaster assistance

Develops overall response strategy

Provides on-scene management in support of U.S. Ambassador

Provides USG funding to implementing partners

Collects and analyzes information on the response

Primary reporting source for the total USG response

When necessary, USAID/OFDA requests support from other USG agencies (including DoD) in HA/DR.

USAID/OFDA’s Role in a Disaster Response

ofda response options
OFDA Response Options

Funding: $ 50,000

Funding: Grants

Humanitarian Commodities

Personnel: Regional Advisors

Personnel: Assessment Team

Personnel: Disaster Assistance Response Team

Personnel: RMT - Response Management Team (DC)

Any Combination of Above

Recommend nothing

Most Common

Most Common

Large Events

slide5

OFDA At Work: Global Presence

USAID / OFDA HQ

OFDA COCOM Advisor

Regional Office

TOTAL OFDA PERSONNEL = ~ 350

Stockpiles

U.N. Rep

Humanitarian Advisor

slide6

Miami (30,000 sq ft)

  • Plastic Sheeting
  • Blankets
  • Collapsible Water Jugs
  • Water storage bladders
  • Hygiene Kits
  • Water treatment trailers
  • Rubber boats
  • Kitchen sets
  • Pisa (50,000 sq ft)
  • Plastic Sheeting
  • Blankets
  • Collapsible Water Jugs
  • Water storage bladders
  • Hygiene Kits
  • Water treatment trailers
  • Dubai (38,000 sq ft)
  • Plastic Sheeting
  • Blankets
  • Collapsible Water Jugs
  • Hygiene Kits
  • Water storage bladders
  • Water treatment trailers
  • Rubber boats
  • Armored Vehicles
osd guidance dod mission in foreign disaster relief
OSD Guidance: DOD Mission in Foreign Disaster Relief

The U.S. military is not instrument of first resort humanitarian response but supports civilian relief agencies

The U.S. military may be involved when:

The military provides a unique service

Civilian response capacity is overwhelmed

Civilian authorities request assistance

When the U.S. military does become involved:

The military mission should be clearly defined

The risks should be minimal

Core DOD missions should not be affected

slide9
USAID/OFDA generates or receives request for DoD support from humanitarian partner consignees (NGO, U.N. cluster, etc.)

USAID/OFDA, with USG country team, validates and prioritizes requests

Validated requests forwarded to DoD for review and execution

Validating the Mission

requesting dod support
Requesting DOD Support

For USG response, US Ambassador or COM validates emergency

If req’d, HN requests assistance from international community (other nations, NGOs, IOs, regional response mechanisms, etc.)

  • HN requests/will

accept USG aid

  • HN overwhelmed
  • In interest of USG

DOD approves HA/DR

AMB/COM issues disaster declaration cable

Joint Staff tasks COCOM

(CJCS EXORD)

USAID/OFDA

responds as

LFA

COCOM responds in support of USAID/OFDA

Exception: COCOM can respond immediately to save lives if assets on hand (72 hr limit)

If req’d, State or USAID requests DOD support and may provide $$$ (Via EXECSEC Memo request or letter/ interagency agreement)

HN

Responds

Disaster

Occurs

10

ofda military liaison team
OFDA Military Liaison Team
  • Military Liaison Team (MLT)
  • Based in Washington, DC
  • OFDA Advisors at Geographic Combatant Commands
    • SOUTHCOM
    • PACOM
    • EUCOM
    • AFRICOM
    • CENTCOM
  • MLT surge staff
  • Civ-Mil Advisors on DART or OFDA Field Offices

Joint Humanitarian

Operations Course (JHOC)

slide12

Role of OFDA Civil Military Advisor

  • Provide input to military planning --- all phases, all levels, all orders (responses and exercises)
  • Recommend appropriate uses of military assets
  • Screen, validate, and prioritize requests for military support coming from UN/NGOs/IOs as well as other parts of DoD
  • Act as intermediary between the military and the UN/NGOs/IOs
slide13

What is the Mission?

Wholesalevs. Retail

  • Large capacity airlift
  • Airfield and port management
  • Off-loading and trans-loading
  • Moving supplies and people
  • Helicopter and air support
  • Engineering assessments
  • Security
slide14

What is the Mission?

Wholesale Vs. Retail

  • Food/commodities distribution
  • Camp management
  • Health/water and sanitation programs
  • Processing/ screening/tracing of displaced persons
  • Vaccinations
slide15

RFA to MITAM Process: MOST COMMON SITUATION

(When someone wants assistance from the US Military)

Other Donors, UN Agency, or NGO not directly funded by the USG

Host Nation Military

USG Organization

or Implementing Partner (UN, NGO, etc.)

Host Nation Civilian Organizations

Requests of an HA Nature

Submit a RFA

(USAID/OFDA or UN Form)

Requests purely Mil-Mil in nature

USAID/OFDA

Response Team

in-country

Executes Mission, then reports back to USAID/OFDA

Prioritizes and Validates RFAs

Informs USAID/OFDA of the Execution Plan, then DIRLAUTH with the Requestor

Daily MITAM

issued by USAID/OFDA

US Military HQ

in-country

slide16

USG Civ-Mil in the Pacific

  • Use of US military assets for relief operations in the Pacific has been infrequent due to proximity.
  • In the event of a rapid onset disaster, DoD can exercise 72hr Life & Limb Authority (During Exercises and Patrols)
  • Due to the increased focus on the Pacific, there will be a more sustained presence of DoD assets that can be utilized during major relief operations.
  • Outside of major responses, increased presence of DoD engagements in HADR during port visits and joint excercises. (Mil-Mil)