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Lung Cancer. Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Statistics, & pictures _________________, 1 st Period. Types of Lung Cancer.

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Lung Cancer

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    1. Lung Cancer Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Statistics, & pictures _________________, 1st Period

    2. Types of Lung Cancer • There are two main types of lung cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. • Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer : it accounts for about 80% of all lung cancer. • There are several different types of NSCLC, and each type is treated differently. • Small cell lung cancer is almost always caused by smoking, and accounts for about 20% of all lung cancer. • The cancerous cells are small, but multiply quickly and form large tumors.

    3. Causes • Tobacco use • About 90% of lung cancer arises as a result of tobacco use • Second-hand smoking • Exposure to asbestos or radon in the home or workplace • Family history

    4. Symptoms • Coughing/ Coughing up blood • Chest, shoulder, or back pain • Shortness of breath • Recurring lung problems • Brochitis or pneumonia • Loss of appetite or weight loss • Fatigue or general weakness

    5. Treatment • Surgery • Used to remove cancerous tumors • Mostly considered for Stage I and Stage II cancer patients, when the cancer hasn’t spread to the rest of the body • Chemotherapy • Medicine is swallowed or injected through the veins of the patient • Kills all types of cells, not just cancerous ones • Radiation • Uses high-energy rays to kill or shrink cancer cells

    6. Statistics • More people in the U.S. die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer. • In 2007: • 203,536 people in the United States were diagnosed with lung cancer. • 158,683 people in the United States died from lung cancer. • In the U.S. from 2003-2007, the median age at diagnosis for lung and bronchus cancer was 71 years of age. • In the U.S. from 2003-2007, the median age at death for lung and bronchus cancer was 72 years of age.

    7. Statistics (cont.) Lung and Bronchus CancerDeath Rates by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, U.S., 1999–2007

    8. Statistics (cont.) Lung and Bronchus Cancer Death Rates by State, 2007 Adult Smoking in the U.S., 2010 Above: Right:

    9. Pictures On the left is an x-ray of a normal lung, and on the right is an x-ray of a lung with cancer.

    10. Pictures (cont.) On the left is a healthy pair of lungs. On the right are a smoker’s lungs.

    11. References