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Turn in homework Study on your own with flash cards Take quiz ma mi mu me mo ya yu yo. Hiragana Bank. も ゆ み む  ま よ や め. Q:  げんきですか。 A:  げんきです。 Neg.  げんきじゃない Q: なまえはなんですか。 A: わたしのなまえは____です。 いまはなんじですか。 いまじゅうにじです。. Early Chinese History.

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slide1

Turn in homework

  • Study on your own with flash cards
  • Take quiz ma mi mu me mo ya yu yo
hiragana bank
Hiragana Bank

も ゆ み む 

ま よ や め

slide3

Q: げんきですか。

  • A: げんきです。
  • Neg. げんきじゃない
  • Q: なまえはなんですか。
  • A: わたしのなまえは____です。
  • いまはなんじですか。
  • いまじゅうにじです。
early chinese history

Early Chinese History

China in the Bronze Age: The Shang and Zhou Dynasties

Ca. 1500-771 B.C.E.

shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Developed following the Xia Dynasty
  • -Urban life developed later than in Egypt
  • -Known for bronze work, technical skill, and artistic imagination
  • -created writing system based on pictographs
  • -pictures represented sounds or ideas
  • -development of trade and commerce
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e1
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Existed in Anyang, near modern Henan Province
  • Documented in excavated and transmitted texts – proves existence
  • Key text – oracle bone inscriptions
  • Shang kings were military chieftains
    • Regularly sent out armies of 3-5 thousand men on war campaigns and hunting expeditions
    • War captives were enslaved or sacrificed to, Di
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e2
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Shang King (Wu Ding – 1200 B.C.E.)
    • Acted as high priest
    • Wrote questions on oracle bones, interpreted cracks caused by fire – first form of writing
    • Qualified to offer sacrifices to ancestors and Di
      • Di commanded rain, thunder, and wind
  • Shang Palaces
    • Constructed of rammed earth and perishable materials
    • Nothing remains today but underground tombs
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e3
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Burials
    • Interred human beings
    • Captives not needed as slaves became sacrifices
    • Others buried with king
      • Spouses
      • Retainers
      • Servants
      • Volunteers
thursday homework
Thursday Homework
  • YAや YUゆ YOよ
  • Hiragana Quiz #2 MA and YA
  • Read Shang/Zhou handout and be ready for a quiz
  • Red Scarf Girl – Pages 38-71
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e4
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Farmers
    • Commanded to work for king through violence and coercion
    • Lived in partially below ground huts
    • Practiced animal husbandry
    • Little rights as individuals
  • Craftsmen
    • Urban centers
    • Worked in stone, bone, bronze and clay
    • Cultivation of silk – worms feed on mulberry trees
      • Shang era silk recently found in Egyptian tomb
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e5
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Writing
    • Oracle bones show writing as major element in Chinese culture by 1200 B.C.E.
    • Developed earlier but written on perishable materials
  • Impacts of Writing
    • Records – war, hunting, economics
    • Basis for later Chinese writing system
    • Logographic – ideas/one character
      • Free of phonological change
      • Educated Chinese could read text written centuries earlier
      • Greater connection with past - ancestors more important
      • Allowed for communication over great distance regardless of different dialects
      • Spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam – created basis for those written languages
shang dynasty 1500 1045 b c e8
Shang Dynasty1500-1045 B.C.E.
  • Metalworking
    • Allowed for more complex forms of social organization
    • Prospect metals, remove them from their ores, fashion them into tools/ornaments 2000 B.C.E.
    • Large scale production 1500 B.C.E.
      • Mostly decorative items; not weapons
      • Division of Labor – increased cultural stratification
        • Miners, refiners, transporters, charcoal production, skilled artisans to create molds, and managers to oversee production
  • Bronze Technology
    • Luxury items, improved craftsmanship
    • Improved weapons
    • Fittings for chariot wheels
      • Wheel technology diffused across Asia – not local
give me yo money
GIVE ME YO’ MONEY!!
  • We can’t start extra fieldtrips/special projects until everyone has their money in to me.
  • $35
  • If you can’t pay all now we can work out a payment plan - $17.50 each semester OR $5 a month.
  • If all is not in by the end of October I will refund those who have paid.
slide20

Shang spearhead.

  • White jade blade on a bronze

haft inlaid with turquoise.

wednes day homework
Wednesday Homework
  • WAわ  WOを  Nん
  • Red Scarf Girl – Pages 100-139
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • -no strong central government
  • -separate kingdoms with local lords
    • -unstable relationship with Zhou Emperors
    • -influence diminished over time
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e1
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Developed between the Shang and Qiang (near present day Tibet) Cultures
  • Shared material culture of the Shang
  • Defeated Shang in 1045 B.C.E.
  • Separated by Eastern Zhou Dynasty by location of capital
    • Western – Shaanxi Province
    • Eastern – Henan Province
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e2
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Three rulers credited with the Conquest of the Shang – recorded in the Book of Documents
    • King Wen (cultured or lettered)
    • King Wu (martial)
    • Duke of Zhou (Brother to Wu, regent for Wu’s heir)
  • Book of Documents
    • Earliest text of the Zhou, contains speeches and reports of the “just” Zhou defeating the “evil” enemy, the Shang. (writing history!)
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e3
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Zhou differed from Shang:
    • Use of oracle bones was less common
    • Human sacrifice was less common
    • Burial of followers to the king declined
    • Mandate of Heaven introduced
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e4
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Mandate of Heaven
    • Heaven gives the king right to rule
    • Must rule in the interest of the people
    • Book of Documents writes of a close relationship between Heaven and the king (son of Heaven)
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e5
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Zhou Political Structure
    • King was at the center of political structure
    • Head of royal lineage/lord of nobility
    • Assigned relatives of the king to rule conquered territories
    • Decentralized government
western zhou dynasty 1045 771 b c e6
Western Zhou Dynasty1045-771 B.C.E.
  • Western Zhou Society and Culture
    • Aristocratic
      • Hierarchy of wealth and political power
      • Passed down through family lines (first sons)
    • Book of Poetry
      • Earliest Chinese songs and poems
      • Love songs
      • Glimpses of court life and cermonies
eastern zhou period 770 256 b c e
Eastern Zhou Period770-256 B.C.E.
  • Period of the Warring States 403-221 B.C.
    • -last period of the Zhou Dynasty
    • -periods of crisis laid foundations for Chinese thought and culture (Confucius developed thought based on this disorder)