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Library Boot Camp Day 3: APA Rules of Engagement. Brian Ryckman, Distance & Instructional Services Librarian. Feel like you’re swimming against the current with your research?. Get help from an online workshop. Workshops EndNote April 8, 8:30pm APA April 22, 8:30pm

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Library Boot Camp

Day 3: APA Rules of Engagement

Brian Ryckman, Distance & Instructional Services Librarian

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Feel like you’re swimming against the current with your research?

Get help from an online workshop.

Workshops

EndNote April 8, 8:30pm

APA April 22, 8:30pm

APA May 21, 7pm

Thesis & Dissertation Prep Series

Literature Review April 29, 8:30pm

Theoretical Framework May 2, 8:30pm

Finding a Test, Survey or Instrument May 6, 8:30pm

(All workshops are open to the NSU community.)

For more information check Blackboard or http://nova.campusguides.com/instruction

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Learning Outcomes

  • How to contact Alvin Sherman Library
  • How to access APA resources from Alvin Sherman Library
  • Why you need to cite your sources
  • How to create in-text and reference list citations
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Contact us for assistance, or set up

an individual consultation with a librarian

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When to Cite

  • Opinions, beliefs, ideas and theories from any source
  • Direct quotes of the words used
  • Summarized or paraphrased ideas
  • Any information obtained that isnot common knowledge

See APA (6th ed.), p. 169

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Ethical Use of Information & Plagiarism

  • Scholars are responsible for ethically using information. This includes correct citation.
  • Not properly citing the use of other people’s words, ideas, theories, and/or information is considered plagiarism.
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Self-Plagiarism

  • Re-using your own work is a form of plagiarism
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Why Cite?

  • To give credit to others ideas and words (this includes charts, tables, and other graphics) that have influenced your work
  • To allow your reader to find your sources
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APA In-Text Citation

What should you include?

The author, year of publication, and page number(s) or paragraph number for non-paginated materials are always included in the text and a reference citation is included in the reference list. See APA manual (6th ed.),  pp. 170-172.

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Some examples

E-book reader

According to Freud (1900/2004), "Dreams can be interpreted" (Chapter 2, Section 6, para. 7).

Article retrieved online See APA (6th ed.), p. 173, section 6.05

The author coined the phrase "goblet of motivation" (Macias, 2008, para. 22).

Article that has section headings retrieved online

The research concluded that "the charges were unfounded" (McKay, 2009, Conclusion, para. 3).

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APA In-Text Citation:

Direct Quotations

DIRECT – Within the text of your paper

According to Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008), “Apple parlayed the strong reputation of the Apple brand and the iPod’s success to enter a lucrative cell phone market” (p. 283).

According to Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008), “Apple parlayed the strong reputation of the Apple brand and the iPod’s success to enter a lucrative cell phone market” (para. 22).

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APA In-Text Citation:

Block Quotations

BLOCK – Used if the direct quotation is over 40 words

According to Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008):

Apple parlayed the strong reputation of the Apple brand and the iPod’s success to enter a lucrative cell phone market, a step that may ward off a potential threat to Apple as other companies introduce devices that have strong music-storing and playback capabilities. (p. 283-284)

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APA In-Text Citation:

Paraphrased Information

  • BEGINNING OF SENTENCE
  • Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008) believe Apple used their lead in the portable music player market to strategically time the iPhone’s launch.
  • MIDDLE OF SENTENCE
  • Without the success of the iPod, Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008) believe Apple’s launch of the iPhone would not have been profitable as it was.
  • END OF SENTENCE
  • The success of Apple’s iPhone launch is strongly tied to the existing success of the iPod (Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen, 2008).
  • PARAPHRASING
  • TIP: Read the original material, put it out of sight, and restate the idea/concept in your own words.
  • Must be cited with the author and year of publication of the original source; page number is optional. (Page number is required for direct quotes!)
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Reference Citations

  • Start list on a new page, with References centered at the top of the page.
  • Double spaced with hanging indent
  • Alphabetize by author’s last name or name of the corporate author
  • Every in-text citation should be listed in your references; every reference should have a corresponding in-text citation!
hanging indentation
Hanging indentation

Citing Journal Articles From an Online Database

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time: A fresh approach to educational equivalency. TechTrend,

24(3), 34-47.

  • Hanging indent

See APA (6th ed.), p. 37

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Formatting Hanging

Indentations (in Word 2010)

  • Select Paragraph.
  • In Indents and Spacing
  • Go to the Special section.
  • Select Hanging.
author field
Author field

Citing Journal Articles From an Online Database

Author(s)

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time: A fresh approach to educational equivalency. TechTrend,

24 (3), 34-47.

  • Initials, not first names.
  • Ampersand (&), not the word and
  • Use a comma before the ampersand
  • Put a space between initials

See APA manual (6th ed,), p. 184

year of publication field
Year of publication field

Citing Journal Articles From an Online Database

Year of publication

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time: A fresh approach to educational equivalency. TechTrend,

24(3), 34-47.

  • Enclosed in parentheses
  • Period goes after the parentheses
  • No month or day if the publication is a journal, not a magazine, newsletter, or newspaper article

See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 185

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Citing Journal Articles From an Online Database

Citing Journal Articles Retrieved Full Text Online

Article title

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time:A fresh approach to educational equivalency.TechTrend,

24(3), 34-47.

  • Only first word in title and subtitle is capitalized (also, proper nouns)
  • A period at the end of the title.
  • Include one space after the period, not two

See APA manual (6th ed.), pp. 87, 185

journal title field
Journal title field

Citing Journal Articles

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time: A fresh approach to educational equivalency. TechTrend,

24(3), 34-47.

  • Capitalize and punctuate journal title exactly
  • Italicize journal title
  • The journal title is followed by a comma

Journal title

See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 186

publication info
Publication info

Citing Journal Articles

Watkins, R., & Schlosser, C. D. (2000). It’s not about time: A fresh approach to educational equivalency. TechTrend,

24(3), 34-47.

  • Italicize volume number
  • No space between the volume and issue number
  • Issue number in parentheses followed by a comma
  • Do not use p. or pp. for journal articles.

Volume, issue, and page number(s)

See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 186

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Journal Article Citations

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol(Issue), xx-xx. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol(Issue), xx-xx. Retrieved from http://www.journalhomepage.com

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Journal Article Citation

Mickalowski, K., Mickelson, M., & Keltgen, J. (2008). Apple's iPhone launch: A case study in effective marketing. The Business Review, Cambridge, 9(2), 283- 288. Retrieved from http://www.jaabc

.com/brc.html

Homepage for the journal, NOT the database!

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APA Citation:

Journal Articles with DOI

Cusumano, M. A. (2011). Technology strategy and management: The legacy of Steve Jobs. Communi-

cations of the ACM, 54(12), 26. doi:10.1145/2043174.2043184

types of retrieval info

DOI available

Types of retrieval info

Borman, W. C. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 43-49. doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482

Exact URL for open access journal

Borman, W. C. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 43-49. Retrieved from http://ojs.swin.edu.au /index.php/ejap/article/view/71/100

From a subscription database with no DOI, use journal home page URL.

Borman, W. C. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 43-49. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/journals/apl

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APA Citation: Book Chapters

Author, A. A. (YEAR). Title of chapter or entry. Title of book. Location: Publisher.

American Psychological Association. (2010). Reference examples. In Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (pp. 169-224). Washington, DC: Author.

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APA Citation : Ebook Chapter (in a Reference Book)

Cretu, A. E., & Brodie, R. J. (2009). Brand image, corporate reputation, and customer value. In M. Glynn, & A. Woodside, (Eds.). Business-to-business brand management: Theory, research and executive case study exercises (pp. 263-387). doi:10.1108/S1069-0964(2009)0000015011

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APA Citation : Whole Books

Author, A. A. (YEAR). Title of book. Location: Publisher.Isaacson, W. (2011). Steve Jobs. New York,

NY: Simon & Schuster.

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APA Citation:

Other Online Sources

Stanford University. (2008, March 7). Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford commencement address [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube

.com/watch?v=UF8uR6Z6KLc

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References

32

Jones, R. N., del Rio, J. A., Humenik, J. A., García, E. O., & Ramírez, A. M. (2006). Citation

mining: Integrating text mining and bibliometrics for research user profiling. Journal of the

American Society for Information Science and Technology, 52(13), 1148-1156.

Kushkowski, J. D. (1985). Master's and doctoral thesis citations: Analysis and trends of a

longitudinal study. Portal,3(3), 459-479. doi:10.1353/pla.2003.0062

Kushkowski, J. D. (1999a). Identifying uniform core journal titles for music libraries: A

dissertation citation study. College & Research Libraries, 60(2), 153-163.

Kushkowski, J. D. (1999b). Measuring the use and value of electronic journals and books.

Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Retrieved from http://www.istl.orgMorner, C. J. (1995). Measuring the library research skills of education doctoral students. In R. AnRhein (Ed.), Continuity & transformation: The promise of confluence. Proceedings of the Seventh National Conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, March 29-April 1, 1995 (pp. 381-391). Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries.

  • “References” – centered on the page
  • Hanging indentations
  • Alphabetical order by author’s last name, then by date
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Questions?

Thank you!

If you have any questions, please contact the library at:

954.262.4613 (local)

800.541.6682 x24613 (within the US)

www.nova.edu/library/main