Data Communication Network. 331: STUDY DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS. 331: STUDY DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS. 1. Discuss computer networks (5 hrs) 2. Discuss data communications (15 hrs). 331.1: Discuss computer networks. PERFORMANCE STANDARD
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Data Communication Network 331: STUDY DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS
331: STUDY DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS • 1. Discuss computer networks (5 hrs) • 2. Discuss data communications (15 hrs)
331.1: Discuss computer networks • PERFORMANCE STANDARD • Identify the benefits and classify a given network • Objectives • Define Computer Network • Discuss types & class of networks • Explain reasons for networks • Discuss the effects of computer networking on our society • Discuss latest trend in the networking
Define Computer Network • If we consider networks in general, rather than computer networks, then a good broad definition is: • “a group or system of interconnected people or things” (Source: http://www.oxforddictionaries.com)
Define Computer Network • Networking involves connecting computers and other electronic devices for the purpose of sharing information and resources and for communication. • Computer networks represent an important advance from what a single computer can do alone.
Define Computer Network • A basic network could consist of two computers or more, connected by a transmission medium that allows signals to pass between them. • Anything from a small PDA or Smartphone to a supercomputer can be networked
Define Computer Network • But there is no need to limit it to 2 computers. • Even in a single office it makes sense to add more devices to the network: • More computers • Peripheral devices (printers, etc).
Discuss types & class of networks • Local Area Network (LAN) • Wide Area Network (WAN) • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) • Personal Area Network (PAN) • Internet • Intranet • Extranet
Discuss types & class of networks • Local Area Network (LAN) • Physically close, such as a company site or college campus • Usually using a single overall technology (Ethernet) • Usually owned and run by one organization • E.g. your college network or a home network
Discuss types & class of networks • Wide Area Network (WAN) • Physically large distances, between sites or even countries • May use a range of connection technologies, such as Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) • Links often operated by specialist suppliers • Links often provided these days over the “public” Internet • E.g. the Internet
Discuss types & class of networks • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) • Spans a city, large campus or other geographical area • i.e. between a LAN and a WAN in size • Single company or co-operatively managed • E.g. Net North West provides Internet services to academic institutions in North West England • See http://www.netnw.net.uk/
Discuss types & class of networks • Personal Area Network • Connects computer technology close to (within physical reach of) one person • Connecting PC, PDA, smartphone and peripherals • Typically using Bluetooth wireless technology or USB/Firewire
Discuss types & class of networks • The Internet: • Technically a WAN • It is a vast public wide area internetwork that makes it possible for any computer in the world to communicate with any other computer in the world using standard technologies and protocols. • Global communications system with access to virtually anywhere in the world • and even off world, e.g. the international space station
Discuss types & class of networks • Intranet • A private computer network that uses Internet technology (usually TCP/IP and HTTP) to deliver documents and services within an organization • Often a website that is only accessible within a company or via a company login • “Intra” means “within” or “inside”
Discuss types & class of networks • Extranet • An extension to an intranet allowing (restricted) access to people outside the company • Allows business-to-business (B2B) and possible business-to-customer (B2C) transactions • Does not grant whole company network access to those outside the company
Discuss types & class of networks • http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=HDyBWhoyE7U#at=40
Explain reasons for networks • Why do we need networks? • There would be no point building networks if there was no demand for them. • The vast majority of computers these days are networked. • Figures of networked computers difficult to obtain, but probably over 95%
Explain reasons for networks • Can you think of a computer system that is NOT networked? • Computers connected together to: • Share resources • Disk space • Data • printers • Internet connections • Provide communications • Email, chat
Explain reasons for networks • Internet Access • Finding a new job • Up-to-date information • Facebooking? • Online game. • Etc.
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • Area of the effects of computer networking on society. • Personal Impact • Community Impact • National Impact • Global Impact • Future Impact
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • Personal Impact • privacy and personal rights • data banks, computer terminals, data security • Employment • job opportunities, new careers, the need for retraining • business transactions • automated billing, credit cards, consumer spending • the replacement of people through automation • robots, word processing • the impact that a machine has on a human - ergonomics
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • Community Impact • Employment • traffic control • urban planning • law enforcement
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • National Impact • communications media • the use of information for control • vote counting • electronic funds transfer • stock-market transactions • Defense • Surveillance • national data banks • Etc…
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • Global Impact • reporting of current events • communications media • world government • international standards • exploration of space and sea • world wide access to data
Discuss the effects of computer networking on our Society • Future Impact • computers in the home • gaming • learning • electronic mail • shopping • business transactions • information processing, storage and retrieval • the home as a work center • Etc…
Discuss latest trend in the networking • 40- and 100-Gigabit Ethernet (GE): Virtualized servers will generate more traffic than 10 gigabits per second (Gbps) connections can handle. • Internet security: Zombies – compromised computers ready to act as robot attack systems – are ticking time bombs throughout the Internet. For example, the recent attacks on the WikiLeaks servers in Sweden demonstrate network vulnerability.
Discuss latest trend in the networking • IPv4/IPv6 co-existence: On 1 February 2011, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) allocated the last freely-available block of IPv4 addresses, pushing IPv6 addresses to the forefront. Service providers and enterprise are under the gun to prepare their networks for the influx of IPv6 traffic.
Discuss latest trend in the networking • Rich Media: A perfect storm is developing for network operators. Smartphone users use information and entertainment almost 24 hours a day, in full living color. Wireless data usage will continue along its anticipated exponential growth curve, and nowadays, large amounts of inexpensive bandwidth are no longer available.
Discuss latest trend in the networking • 3G/4G: Many users can have their individual networking connection through mobile phone. Recently, the usage of 3G device is expanding and can be used as a GPS (Global Positioning System) map for the latest car.