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Music – Gr 3-4

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Music – Gr 3-4. The basics. Components of Music. pitch dynamics (loudness or softness) tone colour duration . . Pitch. how high or low the sound is For example an instrument with a low pitch is a big drum. A high pitch instrument would be the violin. Dynamics.

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components of music
Components of Music
  • pitch
  • dynamics (loudness or softness)
  • tone colour
  • duration.
  • how high or low the sound is
  • For example an instrument with a low pitch is a big drum. A high pitch instrument would be the violin.
  • The loudness or softness in music.
tone colour
Tone Colour
  • Tone color is described by words like bright, dark, brilliant, mellow, and rich.
  • Tone colors can create different moods. Specific instruments can reinforce a melodies emotional impact: the brilliant sound of a trumpet is suited to heroic or military tunes; the soothing tone color of a flute fits the mood of a calm melody.
  • The length of time a musical sound lasts.
elements of music
Elements of Music
  • Rhythm, Melody, Harmony, Key, Texture, Form.
  • Is the flow of music through time.
  • Rhythm has several aspects: beat, meter, accent and syncopation, and tempo.
  • Beat - Is the basic unit of time in music
  • Metre - A rhythm determined by the number of beats and the time value assigned to each note in a measure.
  • Syncopation/Accent – Simply it is a general term for a disturbance or interruption of the regular flow of rhythm; a stop where normally it wouldn’t be
  • Tempo - the speed music is suppose to be played at
  • After hearing a piece of music, we usually remember its melody best. The melody is usually the part that you will hum after the music finishes.
  • - Harmony is the use of different pitches (tones, notes), or chords at the same time.
  • -A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once.
  • Key refers to the presence of a central note, scale, and chord within a piece.
  • For example on a piano there are 7 basic keys
  • C-D-E-F-G-A-B
  • - When you describe the texture of a piece of music, you are describing how much is going on in the music at any given moment.
  • -Texture is the way the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition.
  • Every piece of music has an overall plan or structure, the "big picture", so to speak. This is called the form of the music.