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Paragraph 4.2. Roman society. Rich. Rich Romans had a good life: Beautiful villas with nicely decorated rooms, Swimming pools and gardens . They showed off their wealth . They were carried around the city in a sedan chair . . Poor. A large part of society was poor .

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paragraph 4 2

Paragraph 4.2

Roman society

slide2
Rich
  • Rich Romans had a good life:
  • Beautifulvillaswithnicelydecorated rooms,
  • Swimming pools andgardens.
  • Theyshowed off theirwealth.
  • Theywerecarriedaround the city in a sedan chair.
slide3
Poor
  • A large part of society was poor.
  • A quarter of the 1.000.000 people in Rome werepoor.
  • Theydidn’t have jobs or worked as bearer or labourer on building projects.
  • Theylived in hovels (=krotten) or mud huts.
slide4

People with a bit more money lived in a brickapartment building with 3 or 4 stories.

  • A whole family would live in 1 or 2 rooms.
  • No kitchen, theyboughttheir food in a snackbar or soupkitchen.
  • There was no running water or sewage (=riool) in the flats.
  • Feces (= uitwerpselen) were put in stonejars.
bread and games
Breadand games
  • To keep the peoplequietandtostaypopular the rulers gave the people ‘breadand games’.
  • 200.000 poorpeoplereceived free grainto make bread.
  • Rulershanded out money andorganised free horse races andother entertainment.
slide6

70-80 AD: The Collosseum was built in Rome.

  • A stadium with 50.000 seats.
  • Therewereall kinds of shows:
  • Fightswithlions, tigers, elephants, rhinos, etc.
  • Sea battles, when the collosseum was filledwith water.
slide7

Most popularwere the gladiotorfights.

  • Prisoners of war weretrainedtofighteachotherwithswords.
  • The use was tospillblood.
slide8

If the emporerwouldwatch, the gladiators wouldgreethim:

  • ‘Ave caesar, morituri te salutant’
  • Hailemporer, thosewho are aboutto die saluteyou.
slide9

When a loser of a fightsurvived, the audiencecoulddecidewhether he shouldbekilled or not.

  • Thumbs up: allowedto live
  • Thumbs down: die.
  • Winners becamefamousandrich.
trade
Trade
  • The Roman empire was a agricultural-urban society: agricultureandtrade in cities.
  • There was a lot of tradebetween the cities.
  • The pax Romana (=peace) was goodfortrade.
  • Alsogoodroadsand Roman coinshelped the trade.
roman money
Roman money
  • 2 coins: sertertiusanddenariuswereused.
  • Allpeoplepaidwith the same money in the empire.
  • Traderssometimesbecameveryrich.
  • But families with ‘old money’ looked down on this. Theybelievedthatwealth was based on the amount of land andpossessions.
slide12

Farmers had tosupplycitieswith food.

  • Rome gotitsgrainfrom Egypt andSicily.
  • Shipswouldbringitto Ostia, Rome’sharbour.
  • There, it was transferredtobarges (=aken)thatwouldbringitto the city, up the riverTiber.
slide13

More productsthatwereimported in Rome:

  • SpicesandperfumefromArabia
  • Pearls from the Red Sea
  • Wood fromnorthern Europe.
farmers
Farmers
  • In the beginning of the empire, most farmers were independent.
  • 3rd century BC: most farmers lost their farms.
  • Farmers wereawayfor long timesfighting wars.
  • Hannibal and his elephantsalsodestroyed a lot of farmland.
slide15

The farmers movedto the citiesto start a new life.

  • Theybecame part of the growingproletariat.
  • The masses of peoplewho had no possessions. ( latin: proles)
slide16

Land was important forwealth.

  • Rich families employed sharefarmers (= pachters) toworktheir land.
  • Theygot a part of the profit.
  • The richalso built latifundia.
  • Large farmsteads (=boerderijen) whereslavesworked.
slaves
Slaves
  • 2nd and 1st century BC: therewere a lot of slaves in Italy.
  • These wereallprisoners of war, and Rome was fighting a lot of wars!
  • Most slavesworked on farms and in mines andstonequarries. (= groeven).
  • Othersworked in houses of the rich.
slide18

EducatedGreekscouldbecometeachers or accountants.

  • Theydidn’t have anyrights, but someweretreated well.
  • A small groupcouldearn money tobuytheirfreedom.
slide19

For most of them, life was miserable.

  • On the latifundia, theyweretreatedlikecattle.
  • Theysleptchained up in a pen. (=hok)
  • Thereweren’t a lot of uprisingsand the few werebeaten down withviolence.