ELEMENTS OF DRAMA. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DEFINITIONS OF TERMS STAGE APPLICATIONS. DRAMA TERMS. Drama A story written to be performed by actors.
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
A story written to be performed by actors.
In the Greek sense, a play that ends with the death of at least one of the main characters. In modern usage, refers to a play that doesn’t have a happy ending.
In the Greek sense, a play that doesn’t end in death and wherein the main character moves from adversity to prosperity.
In modern usage, refers to a play that is humorous
2. Dramatis Personae - "People of Drama" in Latin; a list of the characters in a play, usually found on the first page of the script; often includes important information about the character.
1. Script – the written text of a play. Usually includes a list of characters that appear in the play with a brief description of what the character is like (Dramatis Personae), brief descriptions of the sets or setting, and the lines the characters will speak.
3. Character - as in a story, people or creatures that appear in a script by speaking or doing something (the "something" may be as simple as walking on stage, then walking off again); someone in a script who is involved with a plot
4. Dialogue– the lines spoken by the actors; in the script, preceded by the name of the character that is to speak the words.
5. Monologue – A speech given by a single character while that character is alone on stage; also called a soliloquy
6. Soliloquy – In drama (especially [Shakespearean]), an extended speech by a solitary character expressing inner thoughts aloud to him-or herself and to the audience; a monologue
7. Aside– A monologue performed by a character while other characters are on stage; the information in an aside is not heard by the other characters on stage, even though they may be standing very close by; it is intended to convey the character’s private thoughts to the audience.
8. Stage directions – a description (as of a character or setting) or direction (as to indicate stage business) provided in the text of a play, usually indicated with italics and/or parentheses. May indicate where the scene takes place, what a character is supposed to do, or how a character should deliver certain lines.
9. Enter – A stage direction – tells the character(s) to come onto the stage. Often includes a direction (left or right) or additional information about how characters are to enter the scene.
10. Exit– A stage direction – tells the character(s) to leave the stage and the scene. Often includes a direction (left or right) or additional information about how characters are to leave the scene.
11. Act– A major section of a play, similar to a chapter in a book; an act is usually made up of several scenes
12. Scene– a subdivision of an act; usually, a scene indicates a specific location or time, and changes if another location or time is supposed to be presented. A scene usually ends when all the characters in the scene leave the stage.
13. Proscenium stage – a traditional stage
14. House - The portion of the theater where the audience sits; the area that is not the stage