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Elements of Drama. Important Words to Keep in Mind. Character – Drama – Props – Scenery Casts – Climax - . Elements of Drama. Acts Units of action in a drama Divided into scenes Characterization Writer’s technique for creating believable characters Dramatic speech

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important words to keep in mind
Important Words to Keep in Mind
  • Character –
  • Drama –
  • Props –
  • Scenery
  • Casts –
  • Climax -
elements of drama1
Elements of Drama
  • Acts
    • Units of action in a drama
    • Divided into scenes
  • Characterization
    • Writer’s technique for creating believable characters
  • Dramatic speech
    • Advances the story’s action
    • Dialogue – conversation between or among characters
    • Monologue – long speech spoken by single character/tells private thoughts of character

Stage direction

    • Sets of bracketed information that describe scenery and how the characters should move or speak
  • Set
    • Used for the construction on stage that suggests the time and place of action
  • Props
    • Small movable items that the actors use to make their actions look realistic
types of drama
Types of Drama
  • Comedy
    • Features everyday characters in funny situations
    • Can be written to entertain or point out faults in society
  • Tragedy
    • The events lead tot the downfall of the main character
    • Main character can be an average person but is often a person of great significance, like a king or a heroic figure
  • Drama
    • Describes plays that address serious subjects
    • Types: Screenplays (movies), teleplays (TV movies), radio plays
reading a play before reading
Reading a Play – Before Reading
  • Set a Purpose
      • Answer three questions to set your purpose:
        • 1. What are the main characters like, and what’s the relationship among them?
        • 2. What is the central conflict, and how is it resolved?
        • 3. What is the theme of the play?
  • Preview
      • Checklist
        • Title page, including the title and playwright
        • Cast of characters
        • General setting
        • Number of pages, acts, and scenes
        • Any background information, photographs, or illustrations
reading strategy
Reading Strategy
  • Summarizing
    • Helps you keep track of the main action and main ideas
      • Plays usually have more than one setting
      • Action usually shifts from scene to scene
    • Magnet Summary
      • Start by selecting a magnet word
        • Magnet word can be word that is repeated
        • Magnet word can be a feeling or idea that is repeated
      • Connect details to that word
      • Can be used to sum up a moment, scene, or entire play
during reading
During Reading
  • Read with a Purpose
    • Focus on questions
      • What are the main characters like, and what’s their relationship among them?
      • What is the central conflict, and how is it resolved?
      • What is the theme of the play?
    • Jot down ideas or quotes while reading
    • Sketch pictures to help you remember parts

Remember important details

    • Magnet Summary
    • Summary Notes
    • Character Map
magnet summary
Magnet Summary

Diary of Anne Frank

summary notes
Summary Notes

Diary of Anne Frank

character map
Character Map

Diary of Anne Frank

plot diagrams
Plot Diagrams
  • Acts
  • Scenes
  • Exposition
  • Rising Action
  • Climax
  • Falling Action
  • Resolution
after reading
After Reading
  • Pause and Reflect
    • Ask yourself these questions:
      • 1. Can I describe the main characters?
      • 2. Can I explain the central conflict in the play and summarize the plot?
      • 3. What is the main message, or theme, of the play?
      • 4. Do parts of the play confuse or puzzle me?
  • Reread
    • If you are unable to answer any of those questions, you need to reread.
focus on theme
Focus on Theme
  • Theme
    • Message or idea that the playwright wants you to remember
    • Some have one theme; others have many minor themes
  • Three Step Plan for Understanding Theme
    • 1. Find the “big ideas” or general topics
    • 2. Find out what the characters do and say that relates to the general topic
    • 3. Come up with a statement of the author’s point or message about the topic
common topics for themes
Common Topics for Themes
  • Childhood
  • Courage
  • Death
  • Faith
  • Family
  • Freedom
  • Friendship

Growing up

  • Hate
  • Hope
  • Identity
  • Independence
  • Justice
  • Love
  • Loyalty
  • Nature
  • Patience
  • Patriotism
  • Prejudice
  • Race relations
  • Self-improvement
  • Self-reliance
  • Success
  • Trust
  • Truth
  • Unhappiness
  • Violence
  • War
focus on language
Focus on Language
  • Study key lines and speeches in a play
  • Consider how the stage directions contribute to a play
    • Do not skip over
    • Describe emotions, facial expressions, and other directions
    • Helps the reader “see” the play
  • Examine the dialogue to see the way it affects characters, plot, and theme
    • Plays are based on dialogue (character’s words) not descriptive details like books, novels, or short stories