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Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards. Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor. Topics. Introduction to IOSHA Introduction to BuSET Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto Salvage Yard . IOSHA and BuSET.

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Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards

Sumit K Ghosh

Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety

Education and Training, Department of Labor

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  • Introduction to IOSHA

  • Introduction to BuSET

  • Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto Salvage Yard

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  • Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (IOSHA)

    • Enforcement of safety and health standards

  • Bureau of Safety Education and Training (BuSET)

    • Consultations/On site visit and training

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Indiana OSHA

  • Indiana - A state plan state

    • IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR 1910.

    • All penalties collected go to the state general fund

  • Mission: To save lives, prevent injuries and ensure the safety and health of Indiana’s workers.

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IOSHA Inspections

  • Complaint

  • Referral

  • Fatality/Catastrophe

    • One fatality

    • 3 hospitalized injuries

  • General Schedule

    • Randomly computer generated

  • Emphasis Programs

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The IOSHA Inspection

  • Compliance officer presents credentials

    • Purpose of visit:

      • A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis program results in a focused inspection

      • A general schedule inspection covers the entire worksite

  • Opening Conference

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IOSHA Inspection (continued)

  • Walkaround

    • Point out hazards

    • Interview employees

  • Closing Conference

  • Safety Orders (Citations)

    • Provide abatement, and pay fine, if any

    • Informal conference

    • Contest

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The Informal Conference

  • 15 working day period

  • An informal conference is conducted by phone or in person

  • May result in a settlement agreement

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  • Bureau of Safety Education and Training

    • Greater level of safety and health in the workplace

    • Employee involvement

    • FREE

    • NO FINES

    • EDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents

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BuSET’s Activities

  • Safety and health consultations, on site visit of facilities in general industry and construction

  • Training Programs

    • OSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short seminars

  • Technical Assistance

  • Voluntary Protection Program


  • Governor’s Workplace Safety Awards

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  • Similar to how IOSHA inspections are conducted:

    • Opening conference

    • Walkaround

    • Closing conference

    • Report of Hazards

      • Confidential and comprehensive written report

      • Abatement assistance

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  • Types of courses

    • OSHA 10-Hour courses

    • OSHA 20-Hour courses

    • Short seminars/Half a day program

  • Partner with companies/organizations/ entities

  • Written request

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BuSET Training Programs

  • Accident Investigation

  • Cranes, Hoists, Slings

  • Electrical Safety

  • Emergency Action Plan

  • Hazard Recognition

  • How to Survive an IOSHA Inspection

  • Internet Based Safety

  • IOSHA Top-50 Cited Industrial Violations

  • Lockout/Tagout Safety

  • Machine Guarding

  • Powered Industrial Trucks

  • OSHA #300

  • Safety-Related Work Practices

  • Workplace Violence

  • Power Press Training

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Voluntary Protection Program

  • Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and promote safety and health management programs.

  • Management, labor, and IDOL establish a cooperative relationship at a workplace that has implemented a strong program.

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  • INSHARP is another recognition program:

    • incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard employers

    • work with their employees to develop, implement and continuously improve the effectiveness of their workplace safety and health programs

    • also includes larger employers who are willing to develop exemplary safety and health programs and mentor others to achieve similar results.

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What are workers’ responsibilities?

  • Read the OSHA poster

  • Follow the employer’s safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment

  • Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer

  • Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee

  • Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them

  • Cooperate with OSHA inspectors

(see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)

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What are workers’ rights?

  • Workers have a vital role to play in identifying and correcting problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible

  • Workers can complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHA’s web site

  • Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired

    (see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)

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What are employers’ rightsand responsibilities?

  • Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards

  • The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection

  • Employers also provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping

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Emergency Action Plan

Hazard Communication

Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Machine Guarding

Medical/First Aid

Electrical Safety

Welding, Cutting, and Brazing

Compressed Gases

Confined Spaces


Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards

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Emergency Action Plan

29 CFR 1910.36- 1910.38

29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)

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Emergency Action Plan

  • Purpose: To protect the employees from serious injury, property loss or life in the event of major disaster like

  • Fire

  • Tornado

  • Earthquake

  • Workplace violation

  • Bomb threat

  • Hazardous chemical spill

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Emergency Action Plan Requirements

  • Emergency escape

  • Evacuation diagram

  • Fire prevention plan

  • Means of egress

  • Alarm system

  • Emergency telephone lists

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Hazard Communication

29 CFR 1910.1200

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Hazard Communication Standard29 CFR 1910.1200

Ensures that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced.

Hazard Communication




Material Safety

Data Sheet




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HazCom Requirements

  • Identify and list hazardous chemicals in workplaces

  • Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and labels for each hazardous chemical

  • Implement a written HazCom program, including labels, MSDSs, employee training, and methods employer will use to inform employees of hazards of non-routine tasks (i.e. spills)

  • Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces

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Material Safety Data Sheets

  • Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion

  • Health hazards, such as signs of exposure

  • Routes of exposure

  • Precautions for safe handling and use

  • Emergency and first-aid procedures

  • Control measures

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Gasoline/diesel fuel

Antifreeze fluid

Brake fluid

Hydraulic fluid

Battery acid

Transmission fluid




Sodium azide in air bag detonators

Chemicals in Salvage Yards

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Bloodborne Pathogens

29 CFR 1910.1030

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Introduction to BBP

  • Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk:

    • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV – the virus that causes AIDS)

    • hepatitis B virus (HBV)

    • hepatitis C virus (HCV)

  • OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this exposure

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Who is covered by the standard

  • All employees who could be “reasonably anticipated” as the result of performing their job duties to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials

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How does exposure occur

  • Most common: needlesticks

  • Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, sharp metal, etc.)

  • Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated blood

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BBP Requirements

  • Hazard assessment

  • Written BBP exposure control plan

  • Employee involvement in selection of safer medical devices

  • Training

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Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR 1910.132-.138

  • Eye, face, body, hands, feet, airways

  • Hazard Assessment

  • Equipment Selection

  • Training

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Eye/Face Protection

  • When employees are exposed to:

    • Flying particles

    • Molten metal

    • Liquid chemical,

      gas, acid, vapors

    • Injurious light radiation

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Welding Face/Eye Protection

UV protection


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Protection of Feet/Toes

  • Steel-toe boots, metatarsals

    • Falling objects

    • Rolling objects

    • Objects that can pierce sole of foot

    • Electrical

Lawnmower accident; part of steel toe is beside shoe; foot owner’s toes were only bruised.

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Protection of Hands/Arms

  • Gloves appropriate for the work being done

    • Chemicals

    • Lacerations

    • Abrasions

    • Punctures

    • Electrical

    • Thermal

  • Arm protection

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Head and Body Protection

  • Hard hat

  • Apron

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Respiratory Protection

  • To control occupational diseases cased by contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors.

  • Respirator shall be provided by employers.

  • Written respiratory protection program by employer.

  • Respirator selection and evaluation.

  • Medical evaluation

  • Training

  • Fit test

  • Recordkeeping

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PPE Training

  • Employer shall provide training.

  • Training must cover:

    • When PPE is necessary

    • What PPE is necessary

    • Proper wear, adjustment, care, disposal, maintenance etc.

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Machine Guarding

29 CFR 1910.211 Subpart O

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# 2 on IOSHA’s Top-10 Hazards Cited list


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Pulley guarding….



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Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR 1910.147

  • Control of hazardous energy

    • Electrical

    • Chemical

    • Hydraulic

    • Pneumatic

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LO/TO Requirements

  • Energy Control Program

  • Energy Control Procedures for each piece of equipment

  • Devices used for locking out equipment

  • Training of all employees

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Medical and First Aid 29 CFR 1910.151

  • Availability of eyes and body wash facility within the work area for emergency use

    • Caustic/corrosive chemicals

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Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S

  • An average of one worker is electrocuted on the job every day

  • There are four main types of electrical injuries:

    • Electrocution (death due to electrical shock)

    • Electrical shock

    • Burns

    • Falls


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Electrical Burns

  • Most common shock-related, nonfatal injury

  • Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or equipment that is improperly used or maintained

  • Typically occurs on the hands

  • Very serious injury that needs immediate attention

Electrical burn immediately after accident

Same hand 72 hrs. later

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Grounding Path

  • The path to ground from circuits, equipment, and enclosures must be permanent and continuous

  • Violation shown here is an extension cord with a missing grounding prong

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Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist

  • Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses

  • Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes

  • GFCI that shuts off a circuit

  • Worn or frayed insulation around wire or connection

  • Too many cords plugged into a circuit

  • Conductor is too small to carry the current

  • Electrical cords wrapped around metal objects (ladder)

  • Overhead power lines when working at heights

  • Open junction boxes/cabinets

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Electrical Training

Train employees working with electric equipment in safe work practices, including:

  • Deenergizing electric equipment before inspecting or making repairs

  • Using electric tools that are in good repair

  • Using good judgment when working near energized lines

  • Using appropriate protective equipment

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Welding, Cutting, and Brazing29 CFR 1910 Subpart Q

  • Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting

  • Arc welding and cutting

  • Resistance welding

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Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards

  • Fire hazards

    • Combustibles

  • Eye and face protection

  • Respiratory protection

    • Lead, other metals, emissions, byproducts

  • Ventilation

  • Protective clothing (including body and hands)

  • Confined spaces

  • Cylinders

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Compressed Gases

  • Safety relief devices

  • Protected from falling or machinery

  • Legibly marked – contents & hazard identification

  • Valve protection cap

  • Oxygen stored away from fuel gases

  • Limited amount than can be stored indoors

  • Transportation of cylinders

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Confined Spaces(29 CFR 1910.146)

  • Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work; and

  • Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit; and

  • Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.

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Permit Required Confined Spaces

  • Hazardous atmosphere;

  • Engulfment hazard;

  • Internal configuration;

  • Contains any other recognized serious hazard.

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Noise(29 CFR 1910.95)

  • More than 85 dBA needs hearing conservation program

    • Audiometric testing

    • Hearing protection

    • Training

    • Access to information on noise standard

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Additional Hazards

  • Cranes – overhead, gantry

    • 29 CFR 1910.179

  • Slings used for cranes

    • 29 CFR 1910.184

  • Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks

    • 29 CFR 1910.178

  • Materials handling

    • 29 CFR 1910.176

    • Aisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping

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Referrals to IOSHA and Fatality Notification to IOSHA

(317) 232-2693


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More Information on Safety and Health Hazards

Osha website:



(317) 232-2688

[email protected]


Osha Phone: 1800-321-6742