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Musical Theater

Musical Theater

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Musical Theater

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  1. Musical Theater

  2. Vocabulary • Operetta:A short, light, comedic opera. • Vaudeville:A theatrical production made up of many separate, unrelated acts including (but not limited to) singing, dancing, juggling, magicians, and athletes. • Revue:A theatrical production combining song, dance & sketches with a common theme.

  3. Vocabulary • Musical:A form of theater that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance. Each element is given equal importance in its ability to tell a story. • Tin Pan Alley: The nickname given to the street in NY where many music publishers worked from the 1880’s-1950’s. • Standard:A song from the early 1900’s that would have been immediately recognized. The precursor to American “pop” music.

  4. 1880-1900 • American minstrel shows • European operettas, popular in their own right, began to influence American vaudeville • Gilbert & Sullivan’s (England) operettas are the most memorable productions to come from this time and are still performed throughout the world today. • Gilbert & Sullivan are especially known for their “BIG 3”: H.M.S. Pinafore, Pirates of Penzance, & Mikado • In Pirates of Penzance (1880), a young pirate apprentice falls in love with Mabel, the daughter of a British Major General, while the rest of the pirate crew wants to marry the general’s other daughters.

  5. 1900-1930’s • Revues became popular in contrast to vaudeville & minstrel shows in that it provided a theme to connect all of the acts within a show. • Revues were also geared towards a higher social class (Revue shows costing about $5 versus a $.15 vaudeville seat). • Composers such as Irving Berlin & George Cohan wrote songs for revues, many of which would become standards in American popular music. • During this time, popular music was determined by the number of copies of sheet music it sold, giving importance to the composers and lyricists, not the performers.

  6. 1900-1930’s cont. • In 1927 Showboat (Kern & Hammerstein) arrives on Broadway marking the arrival of Musical Theater. This was the first show to completely integrate the elements of song, dialogue, acting, and dance to serve the telling of a story. • The Great Depression impacted the popularity of Revues, but managed to increase the popularity of lighthearted musical comedies.

  7. 1940’s-1960’s • This is considered the “Golden Age” of Musicals on Broadway, featuring the musical team of Rogers & Hammerstein. • Rogers (composer) & Hammerstein (lyricist) where the creative minds behind Oklahoma!, The King & I, & South Pacific. • Oklahoma! (1943) follows the romance of a cowboy named Curly and a farm girl named Laurie on an Oklahoma settlement in the early 1900’s. • West Side Story (1957—Bernstein & Sondheim) is an updated version of Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet. • The musical features a rivalry between two 1950’s gangs (the sharks & the jets) in New York City.

  8. Songs

  9. 1880-1900 • American ________________ shows • European operettas, popular in their own right, began to influence American ________________ • Gilbert & Sullivan’s (England) ________________ are the most memorable productions to come from this time and are still performed throughout the world today. • Gilbert & Sullivan are especially known for their “BIG 3”: H.M.S. Pinafore, Pirates of Penzance, & Mikado • In ________________ (1880), a young pirate apprentice falls in love with Mabel, the daughter of a British Major General, while the rest of the pirate crew wants to marry the general’s other daughters.

  10. 1900-1930’s • ________________ became popular in contrast to vaudeville & minstrel shows in that it provided a theme to connect all of the acts within a show. • Revues were also geared towards a ________________ (Revue shows costing about $5 versus a $.15 vaudeville seat). • Composers such as Irving ________________ & George ________________ wrote songs for revues, many of which would become standards in American popular music. • During this time, popular music was determined by the number of ________________ of sheet music it sold, giving importance to the ________________ and ________________, not the performers.

  11. 1900-1930’s cont. • Kern & Hammerstein’s ________________ (1927) arrives on Broadway marking the arrival of Musical Theater. This was the first show to completely integrate the elements of ________________, ________________, ________________, and ________________ to serve the telling of a story. • The Great Depression impacted the popularity of ________________, but managed to increase the popularity of lighthearted musical comedies.

  12. 1940’s-1960’s • This is considered the “________________” of Musicals on Broadway, featuring the musical team of Rogers & Hammerstein. • Rogers (________________) & Hammerstein (________________) where the creative minds behind Oklahoma!, The King & I, & South Pacific. • ________________ (1943) follows the romance of a cowboy named Curly and a farm girl named Laurie on an Oklahoma settlement in the early 1900’s. • ________________ (1957—Bernstein & Sondheim) is an updated version of Shakespeare’s ________________. • The musical features a rivalry between two 1950’s gangs (the sharks & the jets) in New York City.

  13. Songs