united nations industrial development organization n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 36

UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 138 Views
  • Uploaded on

UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION. Web site: http://www.unido.org. PROGRAMME ON TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND INNOVATIONS TO ENHANCE PRODUCTIVITY OF INDUSTRY. Role and Impact of Technology: Increasing Globalization.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION' - duaa


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

PROGRAMME

ON

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND INNOVATIONS

TO ENHANCE PRODUCTIVITY

OF INDUSTRY

role and impact of technology increasing globalization
Role and Impact of Technology:Increasing Globalization
  • Worldwide economic growth offers many new opportunities for selling products and services in countries previously inaccessible because of geography.
  • To compete effectively in foreign markets, local manufacturing is important and will increase the potential markets for local industry.
  • Technological innovation will provide many new market opportunities.
  • Success in capturing new, emerging markets will depend on the industry’s ability to compete in different environments.
role and impact of technology sustainability
Role and Impact of Technology:Sustainability
  • It is technological development that meets the economic and environmental needs of the present while enhancing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • As world population increases, the industry can serve more customers with higher quality, higher performing products and services, while demonstrating responsible reponsible stewardship of our planet.
  • The nation should be properly positioned to bring into reality the technology vision of an industry – one that protects environmental quality, improves economic well-being, and promotes a higher quality of life.
  • The industry now has the opportunity to accelerate its development of advanced manufacturing technologies and innovations that use materials and energy more efficiently.
  • Environmental technologies make sustainable development possible by reducing risk, enhancing cost effectiveness, improving process efficiency, and creating products and processes that are envoronmentally beneficial or benign.
role and impact of technology financial performance
Role and Impact of Technology:Financial Performance
  • The industry now has the opportunity to devise strategies to achieve targeted short-term returns while at the same time attracting the capital needed for investment in longer term projects and facilities.
  • Strategically driven investment in R&D and new technologies will continue to drive the industry toward unprecedented levels of of productivity and return on capital.
  • R&D, new technologies and innovations are the greatest drivers of productivity increases.
  • Investment in advanced manufacturing technologies, logistics and management of the supply chain, information technology, and new engineering technologies are vital for achieving the country’s goal of leading the manufacturing sector in profitability.
role and impact of technology customer expectations
Role and Impact of Technology:Customer Expectations
  • To meet expanding customer expectations, the industry needs to apply innovative technology throughout all phases of R&D, production and distribution.
  • Improvements in logistics and supply chain management will enable manufacturers to deliver products to customers more efficiently and at lower cost.
  • New operations and manufacturing technologies will ensure highest product quality and more sophisticated information systems will link companies to their customers.
  • New engineering technologies will provide products that add value for customers and, in turn, for their customers.
  • Technological advances will reduce product development response times and help industry meet customers’ rising expectations.
role and impact of technology changing work force requirements
Role and Impact of Technology:Changing Work Force Requirements
  • Because of all the forces creating change in industry, particularly having to do with the nature of the manufacturing process and facilities, more highly skilled workers will be required for tomorrow’s work force.
  • The influx of computers and automation will make plans easier to run but will require a more technically advanced understanding of the process.
  • The increasing complexity of technology and the rapid pace of technological change places increasing demands on employees across the work force, from the scientist at the laboratory bench to the operator on the plant floor.
  • The hallmark of the future work force will be flexibility, not an assault on jobs.
  • Continuing worker training will be an ongoing part of every employee’s career.
  • This dynamic has implications for educational curricula and programmes of the future.
slide8

Technologicalachievement index

Leaders

Potential leaders

Dynamic adopters

Marginalized

Data not available

Technologicalinnovation score

Hubs

16 (maximum)

4 (minimum)

Geography of Technological Innovation and Achievement

the technology divide outlook
THE TECHNOLOGY DIVIDE: OUTLOOK
  • A small number of industrialized countries provide practically all the world’s technology innovation.
  • Some developing countries are able to adopt these technologies in production and consumption.
  • The remaining part is technologically disconnected, neither innovating nor adopting foreign technologies.
the new global setting
The New Global Setting
  • Increased financial, trade, investment and technology flows
  • Rapid and accelerating technological progress, including ICTs, biotechnology, new materials, electronics, robotics
  • New managerial and organizational systems
  • New international rules and regulations: trade, quality, environment, intellectual property rights
barriers to technology transfer

Barriers to Technology Transfer

  • Lack of access to information on new technologies and innovations.
  • Inadequate institutional infrastructure, management and marketing human skills.
  • Organizational rigidities within the firms themselves.
  • Limited access to finances.
  • Regulatory constraints.
  • Inefficient R&D institutes and disconnection from needs of industry.
  • Inadequate human resources and mechanisms for their upgrading.
  • Lack of resources, knowledge and capabilities within policy institutions.
  • Low efficacy of government support schemes.
unido response

UNIDO Response

  • Objective: To assist the countries in strengthening their capabilities in transfer, absorbing and mastering technology:
  • At policy level, technology foresight permits to define strategic development directions, guide innovation policy and set up supporting infrastructure.
  • At institutional level, strengthening National Innovation Systems, technology and innovation centres, high-tech parks, etc. and networking them with UNIDO International Technology Centres, bringing a culture of innovation to business, strengthening R&D institutions to become ‘demand driven’ and respond effectively to industry needs.
  • At enterprise level, efforts are focused on building capacities in transfer and commercialization of technology and sustainable mechanism to manage technological change.
unido approach

UNIDO Approach

  • Application of modern Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) for improving access to international knowledge, education, training and networking to meet the basic requirements for industrial capability building.
  • Establishment of International Technology Centres as a unique tool to promote international collaboration, diffuse technological knowledge and innovations and expand UNIDO capacity in technology transfer.
  • Promotion of environmentally sound technology (EST) to reduce the unfavourable environmental effects of industry.
  • Strong links to financial sources.
  • Integration of technology transfer process with other dimensions of the business development, trade liberalization and protection of environment to enhance the contribution to competitiveness and performance of a firm.
  • Assistance through the whole cycle of technology transfer.
slide15

TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION PROGRAMME

Government

Policy

Technology Foresight

and Monitoring

IT

Technology Acquisition and Transfer

Technology Management and Innovation

Institutional

Framework

Enterprises

Competitiveness

Networking - IT

Networking - IT

Networking - IT

unido service modules

UNIDO Service Modules

1. Industrial Governance and Statistics

2. Investment and Technology Promotion

3. Quality and Productivity

4. Small Business Development

5. Agro-Industries

6. Industrial Energy and Kyoto Protocol

7. Environmental Management

8. Montreal Protocol

unido contribution

UNIDO Contribution

  • At the aggregate level of technical cooperation projects (2001):
    • 39 % was dedicated to international protocols, agreements and conventions;
    • 20 % - to investment related technology promotion;
    • 19 % - to environmentally sustainable industrial strategies and technologies, including quality, standardization and metrology;
    • 10 % - to institutional capacity building, including networked industrial statistics and information;
    • 10 % - to agro-industry;
    • 2 % - to industrial policy advice.
technology and investment promotion

TECHNOLOGY AND INVESTMENT PROMOTION

Objective

To help developing countries and economies in transition bridge the technology divide and the investment gap by strengthening their capacities for transfer and acquisition of new technologies, assisting them in technology needs assessment, attracting investment for industrial projects, as well as by establishing sustainable mechanism for technology diffusion and promotion of business alliances

unido principal technology transfer and investment promotion mechanisms

UNIDO: Principal technology transfer and investment promotion mechanisms

International Technology Centres (ITCs)

Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPOs)

Africa-Asia Investment and Technology Promotion Centre (AAITPC)

Subcontracting and Partnership Exchanges (SPXs)

National Technology and Innovation Centres

National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs)

UNIDO Exchange

Technology Foresight

Continuous Improvement and Quality Management

SME Clusters and Networks Programme

Training, tools and methodologies

new initiatives
New Initiatives

Technology Foresight Initiative

It aims of providing suitable methodologies to promote sustainable and innovative development, fostering economic, environmental and social benefits at national and regional levels.

The result will be the capability enabling to use technology foresight as a practical tool in designing policies and strategies that exploit emerging and critical technologies for the benefit of countries.

new initiatives1
New Initiatives

"Technology Transfer: Needs Assessment - Promoting Action"

Objective: To enable the countries to audit their current technological capabilities and identify strengths and weaknesses at national, sectoral and enterprise levels.

This tool is designed to:

  • Map out the overall capability level.
  • Profile the capabilities of a country showing strengths and weaknesses.
  • Assess the effectiveness of current mechanisms for technology acquisition.
  • Provide valuable information to help select technology priorities within a coherent strategy for technology upgrading and acquisition.
new initiatives2
New Initiatives

Trade Facilitation Initiative

Objective: To build and develop the capacity of industries in developing countries and economies in transition to facilitate access to the international markets of their products.

  • Assistance in mobilizing the scientific and technical skills and capacity to meet the international standards in quality, productivity, health, safety and environmental requirements.
new initiatives3
New Initiatives

Environment Related Initiatives

Objective: To support the efforts of the developing countries and economies in transition in efficient use of energy and water resources and management of environmental problems.

  • Capacity building to meet the requirements of the Climate Change Convention and Kyoto Protocol regime.
  • Promotion of technology, investment and trade under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
emerging role of technology centres
Emerging Role of Technology Centres

Emerging Business Environment

  • Technology
  • Technology divide
  • Rapid advancement
  • Shortened lifecycle
  • Market
  • Globalization
  • New economy
  • Competition
  • Customer demand

Environment &

Quality

Enhanced requirements &

int. standards conformity

Emerging Technology Strategy

TC present & future:

To bridge technological divide through:

  • Monitoring technological trends to support Foresight activities.
  • Focus on areas with transsectoral & wide-economy impact.
  • Identification of needs, sourcing & acquisition of technology.
  • Capacity-building for transfer, application, diffusion,
  • of technological innovation & management of technol. change.
  • Linking demand driven projects to industrial investments.
  • Networking
international technology centres

Main Features:

INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES

  • mostly operate in the field of new technologies with cross-sectoral and high environmental and social impact – IT, biotechnology (incl. biomedicine), new materials, processing technologies;
  • monitor technological trends (foresight, roadmapping);
  • bring the innovation results and the innovation culture to the business environment linking technology with capital, industry and market place;
  • facilitate transfer and absorption of technology to developing countries (North-South and South-South);
  • provide training and support to SMEs in technology transfer, commercialization, absorption and diffusion, as well as in managing technological change on sustainable basis;
  • network with R&D institutes, universities, professional and industrial associations, government institutions, etc.
international technology centres ongoing projects

INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES (ongoing projects)

  • International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS, Trieste, Italy)
  • International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore, India)
  • International Centre for Small Hydro Power (ICSHP, Huanzhou, China)
  • International Centre for Application of Solar Energy (CASE, Perth, Western Australia)
  • International Materials Assessment and Application Centre (IMAAC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
  • International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology (ICMB, Moscow, Russia)
  • International Centre for Materials Evaluation Technology (ICMET, Taejon, Republic of Korea)
  • UNIDO-Shanghai International IT Technology Promotion Centre (Shanghai, China)
  • UNIDO-Shenzhen Environment Technology Promotion Centre (Shenzhen, China)
  • International Centre for Materials Technology Promotion (ICM, Beijing, China) – the project started in June 2002
  • Russia-Brazil Centre for Technological Cooperation
international technology centres continued

INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY CENTRES (continued)

International/National Technology Centres

Cooperating with UNIDO

  • International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB, Trieste, Italy and New Delhi, India)
  • International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI, Moscow, Russia, 18 member countries)
  • International Technology Centre (InterTec), Vienna, Austria (around 1.000 technologies from Russia)
  • National Technology Transfer Centre (Minsk, Belarus)
  • Technology Transfer Centre (Kiev, Ukraine)
  • Other R&D institutes, technology centres and universities networked with UNIDO International Technology Centres
national technology centre model
National Technology Centre (model)

Think Tank

Beneficiaries

NTC

Products

Technology Foresight

Government

Awareness on Trends

Publications

Tools

Industry

Advisory

Committee

R&D Institutes

Universities

Acad.of Sciences

Consulting comp.

Funding Agencies

Technology Services

EGM

Acquisition

Workshops

Transfer

Assessment

R & D

Marketing

Sourcing

Awareness

Monitoring

technology related tools and methodologies
TECHNOLOGY RELATED TOOLS AND METHODOLOGIES
  • Technology Needs Assessment Manual and reporting software system
  • UNIDO Manual on Technology Transfer Negotiation and Training Kit
  • Training Package on Technology Management
  • Guidelines on Business Alliances
  • Guide on Joint Ventures
  • UNIDO BOT Guidelines
  • UNIDO’s Subcontracting System
investment and technology promotion offices network
INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION OFFICES’ NETWORK

Investment Promotion Units (IPU)

Egypt

Jordan

Uganda

Tunisia

Morocco

Investment and technology promotion focal office

in the UK - North-West Development Agency (NWDA) and NIMTECH

Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPO)

Bahrain

Italy (Bologna and Milan)

Belgium (Walloon region)

Brazil (Pernambuco)

China

France

Greece

Japan

Poland

Republic of Korea

Russian Federation

investment and technology promotion offices itpo

INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION OFFICES(ITPO)

Services

  • Information fast lane
  • Partnership promotion
  • Investment/technology promotion delegate programme
  • Business negotiations
slide32

INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION:

DIFFERENCES AND COMPLEMENTARITIES

Investors

Universities

Investment

Funds

Technology

Centres

Technology

Management

R&D

Institutes

ITPOs

Investment

Competitive Production Sustainable

Growth

Venture

Capital

Financial

Institutions

Technology

Innovation

ITPOs

IPAs

Government

Agencies

Industrial

Associations

interlinks between technology investment and trade in the production system
Interlinks Between Technology, Investment and Trade in the Production System

Trade

Technology upgrading,

transfer & acquisition.

Value-

Added

Competitive

Products

Investment,

technology transfer

Technology assessment.

Business partnership &

strategy.

Manufacturing

Promotion

Business Development

Technology monitoring,

sourcing & brokering.

Market & partnership

development.

Investment

Technology

Industrial R&D

Awareness &

technology trends.

Investment

trends

Marketing, R&D & Business Strategy

ITCs

ITPOs

Government Policy, Strategy

for more information about technology centres please contact
For more information about technology centres, please contact:

Vladimir Kozharnovich

Programme Manager

Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch

Programme Development and Technical Cooperation Division

UNIDO, P. O. Box 300

A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA

Phone: (+43-1) 26026-3720/3702

Fax: (+43-1) 26026-6870

E-mail: V.Kozharnovich@unido.org

Web-site: http://www.unido.org