Enquiry Skills 10 OR SO SLIDES TODAY!!
Enquiry Skills • Enquiry skills can be broke up in to tow sections • GATHERING TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSING TECHNIQUES • At General level you’ll be asked to name a techniques and justify it with a reason • At Credit you’ll be asked to name a techniques and justify it with reasons.
Gathering Techniques • There are 6 gathering techniques • Extracting information from maps • Fielding sketching • Measuring (rivers, weather) • Recording observed information on a map • Observing and recording, traffic flows, weather) • Compiling and using questionnaires
EXTRACTING INFORMATION FROM MAPS • Example: site of a settlement, land use changes, land use conflicts • Reasons for use: Maps are a good source of information, maps from different times can be used to show changes
FIELDSKETCHING • Examples: Industrial landscapes, river features • Reasons for use: It is more selective than a photograph, can be used to highlight important information, can be used against maps and photos of the past.
MEASURING • Examples, elements of the weather, river depth and flow. • Reasons: provides original data, source of accurate information, weather elements over time to show changes.
FIELDSKETCHING EXAMPLE • Looking to your right. (That’s the one opposite from the left or the window) • Draw a labelled sketch of the view from the classroom. • Features you need to pint out will include, types of housing, transportation links, recent activity. • Date and time your sketch.
RECORDING OBSERVED INFORMATION • Examples: differing land values/uses, sphere of influence of a town/shop • Reasons: a good way of storing observed information, can be stored and used for comparison of information.
OBSERVING AND RECORDING • Examples: Traffic flow, elements of the weather, quality of the environment. • Reasons: gathers information at the source, able to show environment quality, information can be processed, analysed and compared.
PROCESSING TECHNIQUES • Classifying, tabulating and matrixing • Drawing graphs (bar, line, pie and scatter) • Drawing Maps • Drawing cross-sections/transects • Annotating maps, graphs and field sketches
Reasons for usingCalculating, Tabulating and Matrixing. • Easier to make sense of information • Can be studies and compared to show trends • Matrixing is a good way of storing information.
REASONS FOR DRAWING GRAPHS • Bar graphs • Used to compare information • Can be used with maps to combine information with location • Can be used to show +/- values • Line graphs • Show a trend or change over time • Show amount or rate of change, steepness and degree of change • Pie chart • Shows how the amounts are shared out • The relative importance of parts / sectors • Can be put on a map to aid comparison between places • Scatter graph • Way of testing connections between two sets of data
REASONS FOR ANNOTATING MAPS, GRAPHS AND FIELD SKETCHES. • Provide a sample of an area to bring out key features • Enhances information • Can be used to name and identify features • Draw attention to relationships, patterns