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Lesson 16. 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns Latin I April 8-11, 2014. Let’s review! puella , puellae (f.) --- girl. Case Singular Plural Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative Ablative. Let’s review! amicus, amici (m.) --- friend. Case Singular Plural Nominative

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Lesson 16

Lesson 16

2nd Declension Neuter Nouns

Latin I

April 8-11, 2014


Let s review puella puellae f girl
Let’s review!puella, puellae (f.) --- girl

Case Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative


Let s review amicus amici m friend
Let’s review!amicus, amici (m.) --- friend

Case Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative


Lesson 16 neuter nouns
Lesson 16: Neuter Nouns

  • 2ND DECLENSION REVIEW: Nouns that have –i in their genitive singular are 2nd declension. They can be masculine or neuter.

  • amicus, amici (m.)

  • vir, viri (m.)

  • ager, agri (m.)

  • signum, signi (n.)


Lesson 16

Find the noun stem

The noun stem is found by dropping the genitive singular ending from the noun.

Dictionary entry of a noun:

signumsigni,n. sign

Meaning

Genitive singular

Gender

Nominativesingular

signi– i=sign-

Noun Stem


Neuter rule
Neuter Rule

  • The nominative and accusative cases of neuter nouns always have the same endings.

  • The plural nominative and accusative ending of neuter nouns is always –A.


Neuter nouns have the same endings as masculine except for 3 differences signum signi n sign
Neuter Nouns have the same endings as masculine, except for 3 differences.signum, signi (n.) --- sign

Case Singular Plural

Nominative signumsigna

Genitive signisignorum

Dative signosignis

Accusative signumsigna

Ablative signosignis


Your turn templum templi n temple
Your turn!templum, templi (n.) --- temple

Case Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative


Your turn add the endings consilium consilii n plan
Your turn! Add the endings!consilium, consilii (n.) --- plan

Case Singular Plural

Nom.

Gen.

Dat.

Acc.

Abl.

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili

consili


Warning
WARNING!

  • We’ve seen that neuter nom/acc plurals end in –a.

  • Remember that 1st declension singular words can end in –a, too!

  • If a word ends in –a and is feminine or masculine, it’s singular.

  • puella, casa, agricola: girl, house, farmer


Warning1
WARNING!

  • If a word ends in –a and is neuter, it’s plural.

  • signa, praemia, consilia: signs, rewards, plans

  • Look in the glossary or vocab list if you’ve forgotten the gender.

  • It’s not magic…it’s just a matter of looking up the gender!


What to take away from the lesson
What To Take Away From the Lesson!

  • 2nd declension neuter nouns find their stems by dropping the –i from the genitive.

  • Neuter nouns use the same 2nd declension endings as masculine nouns except for 3 differences:

  • nom. singular = -um (not –us or –r)

  • nom. plural = -a (not –i)

  • acc. plural = -a (not –os)


Practice time
Practice Time!

  • On your own paper, decline the following neuter nouns. Turn your paper in to the basket:

    • frumentum, frumenti (n.)---grain

    • donum, doni (n.)---gift

    • verbum, verbi (n.)---word


Practice time1
Practice Time!

  • On your own paper, copy the Latin sentences and provide the English translation for:

    • Page 111, Ex. A

    • Page 115, Ex. A