Irony - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Irony

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  1. Irony Oedipus Rex

  2. Three types • Dramatic Irony • Verbal Irony (like sarcasm) • Situational Irony

  3. Dramatic Irony • The difference between what a character thinks and says, and what the audience or reader knows is true

  4. Dramatic Irony • Occurs often in movies: When we see the “bad guy” approaching someone and they do not realize it yet – we then know something they do not know. • Cinderella: we knew it was her slipper, but no one else did.

  5. Verbal Irony • The difference between what is said and what is meant

  6. Verbal Irony • "The cake is as soft as concrete" - the person wants to tell that the cake is not so soft to eat. • "Water is as clear as mud" - The person actually says that the water is not at all clear. • "Isn't it as pleasant as a root canal?" - This implies that whatever occurred was not pleasant at all.

  7. Verbal Irony • You end up having to do something you don’t want to and you say, "Oh Great". This may look like sarcasm but it is verbal Irony • You got completely drenched in rain and scoff at your wet clothes while your friends says, "lucky you" - verbal irony.

  8. Situational Irony • The difference between what actually happens and what is expected.

  9. Situational Irony • When John Hinckley attempted to assassinate Ronald Reagan, all of his shots initially missed the President; however, a bullet ricocheted off the bullet-proof Presidential limousine and struck Reagan in the chest. Thus, a vehicle made to protect the President from gunfire instead directed gunfire to the president.

  10. Situational Irony • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: Dorothy travels to a wizard and fulfills his challenging demands to go home, before discovering she had the ability to go back home all the time. • The Scarecrow longs for intelligence, only to discover he is already a genius. • Tin Man longs to be capable of love, only to discover he already has a heart. • The Lion, who at first appears to be a whimpering coward, turns out to be bold and fearless.

  11. Irony Examples

  12. Irony Examples • Verbal Irony

  13. Irony Examples

  14. Irony Examples • Situational Irony

  15. Irony Examples

  16. Irony Examples • Situational Irony

  17. Irony Examples

  18. Irony Examples • Dramatic Irony