constructing an oval arrangement l.
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CONSTRUCTING AN OVAL ARRANGEMENT. Written by: Holli Bowman & David Lynn Hall County Board of Education April 2003 Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office September 2005.

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constructing an oval arrangement


Written by:

Holli Bowman & David Lynn

Hall County Board of Education

April 2003

Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office

September 2005

This presentation is designed to supplement the textbook, Floriculture: Designing & Merchandising, Unit 10, “Circular Arrangements”. The author is Charles Griner and it is published by Delmar Publishers.
step 1 selecting materials
Step 1: Selecting Materials
  • tall vase or pedestaled container
  • 1/2 -1/3 block of floral foam.
  • waterproof anchor tape
  • 13 standard carnations
  • 4 stems of mini-carnations
  • 4 stems of pompon/daisy mums
  • 1 bunch of leatherleaf fern
  • 1/2 bunch of sword fern
step 2 preparing the container
Step 2: Preparing the Container
  • Cut ½ to 1/3 block of floral foam.
  • Soak the foam in warm preservative solution.
  • Trim bottom half of the foam so that it will fit into the tall vase.
step 3 taping the foam into place
Step 3: Taping the Foam into Place
  • Using the flat part of your palm, push the foam firmly into the vase.
  • The foam should extend about two inches above the rim of the container.
  • Secure the foam with two pieces of waterproof tape.
step 3 continued
Step 3: Continued
  • The foam should be taped off center so that a stem can be inserted into the center of the foam.
  • The tape shouldn’t extend more than ½ inch down onto the rim of the container.
  • The container rim should be dry before applying the waterproof tape.
step 4 greening the base
Step 4: Greening the Base
  • Green the base of the arrangement.
  • Place a circle of leatherleaf fern around the rim of the container
step 4 continued
Step 4: Continued
  • The greenery should drape down over the side of the container.
  • The waterproof tape is now hidden from view.
step 5 establishing the height
Step 5: Establishing the Height
  • Establish the height of the design.
  • Place the first standard carnation in the center of the floral foam at a height of 1 ½ to 2 times the height of the container.
step 6 adding the base flowers
Step 6: Adding the Base Flowers
  • Add the base flowers.
  • Place four standard carnations equidistant from each other around the rim of the container (one per side of the foam).
  • Allow these carnations to drape over the edge of the container.
step 7 greening the foam
Step 7: Greening the Foam
  • Add leatherleaf fern to cover the foam.
  • The fern should radiate from the center of the foam.
  • The fern should extend ½ of the length of the center carnation.
  • Don’t pack the fern too close.
  • Leave spaces for the other flower stems.
step 8 adding primary flowers
Step 8: Adding Primary Flowers
  • Add the remaining standard carnations (primary flowers).
  • Choose four carnations with arching stems, if possible.
  • Place these at equal distances from each other below the center carnation.
  • The stems should radiate from the center of the foam.
  • Vary the height of each stem slightly so that flowers do not create rows.
step 8 continued
Step 8: Continued
  • Place four additional carnations halfway between the top carnation and the base carnations.
  • Again, select carnations with arching stems if possible.
  • Stagger these flowers between the base carnations.
step 9 adding secondary flowers
Step 9: Adding Secondary Flowers
  • Add the miniature carnations in the spaces between the standard carnations.
  • There are several flowers per stem, so remove all but one or two of the top flowers on the main stem.
  • Use these high in the arrangement, and , lower in the design use the shorter-stemmed flowers that were removed earlier.
  • Use the standard carnations as your boundaries when placing the other flowers.
step 10 adding filler flowers
Step 10: Adding Filler Flowers
  • Add filler flowers to the arrangement (the flowers shouldn’t touch).
  • Take care not to put too much filler in the arrangement.
  • Daisy mums are used here as another secondary flower but statice, Baby’s breath, Spray asters or other fillers can be used.
step 11 adding additional greenery
Step 11: Adding Additional Greenery
  • Sword fern or any other greenery with graceful, arching stems are added.
  • Fill in the spaces between the flowers but do not crowd the arrangement.
  • The foliage should appear to radiate from the center.
step 12 evaluating the arrangement
Step 12: Evaluating the Arrangement
  • Check your work.
  • Step back from the arrangement, and observe it from all sides.
  • Move flowers as needed, but remember to make a new hole in the floral foam each time.
  • Remember to move the flowers only if absolutely necessary.