Middle Ages Review Mr. Mizell: Humanities
Unit 2 Page • Title: Renaissance and Reformation • AOI: Environments, Human Ingenuity • Unit EQ: How did cultures, ideas, and power change during this time?
Review of the Middle Ages • Time period: 5th century – 15th century • Renaissance will begin in the 14th century and last until the 17th century
Political • Countries are being consolidated and cities grow • Most areas are controlled by Monarchies (England, France) or powerful families (Italy) • Church has political power
Economic • Most people worked on a manor for a lord and harvested the crops • Peasants were taxed heavily • Most people farm; however, trade is growing
Religious • Catholic Church is all powerful and only church in Europe • Often helped control the government/laws • Crusades – Christians vs. Muslims vs. Jews • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wh-JGjIZYpI
Social • Feudalism – society is divided based on land/wealth • Lords, Knights, Peasants • Women have no power • Entertainment – revolved around the Church (singing, dinners, etc…)
MEDIEVAL LIFE Cooperation and Mutual Obligations • MANORIALISM: ECONOMIC SYSTEM • Agriculture the basis for wealth • Lands divided up into self-sufficient manors • Peasants (serfs) worked the land and paid rent In exchange for protection • Barter the usual form of exchange • FEUDALISM: POLITICAL SYSTEM • Decentralized, local government • Dependent upon the relationship between members of the nobility • Lord and his vassals administered justice and were the highest authority in their land KING Fief and Peasants Fief and Peasants Military Aid Loyalty LORDS (VASSALS TO KING) Food Protection Shelter Food Protection Shelter Military Service Homage KNIGHTS (VASSALS TO LORDS) Food Protection Shelter Pay Rent Farm the Land PEASANTS (SERFS)
Intellectual • Arts – again, revolved around the Church/Bible • Education – nobility and clerics tended to be educated. • Majority of people were not
Bloodletting • Medicine was often a risky business. Bloodletting was a popular method of restoring a patient's health and "humors." Early surgery was without anesthesia.
Medical Treatment • Medical treatment was available mainly to the wealthy, and those living in villages rarely had the help of doctors, who practiced mostly in the cities and courts. Remedies were often herbal in nature, but also included ground earthworms, urine, and animal excrement.
Area/Geography • Resources – used trade to get goods from Asia • A little at a time = expensive • Shipping from the Mediterranean
Middle Ages • What symbols/drawings could we use to represent and describe the Middle Ages? • Brainstorm then put on board