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End of Waste – Experiences from the UK. Roger Hoare, Environment Agency 3rd October 2013 Malta 2013 IMPEL. Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation. Introduction. Overview of UK approach UK Solutions Ongoing challenges. UK Approach - Overview.

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End of Waste –

Experiences from the UK

Roger Hoare, Environment Agency

3rd October 2013

Malta 2013


Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation


  • Overview of UK approach

  • UK Solutions

  • Ongoing challenges

UK Approach - Overview

The End of Waste test: OSS Case Law

  • …a distinct, marketable product…

  • …which can be used in exactly the same way as an ordinary fuel (product)….

  • …with no worse environmental effects.

UK Approach - Overview

Quality Protocols

CL:AIRE Code of Practice

Article 6(4) WFD




UK Approach

Quality Protocols: Waste Stream EoW Criteria

21 million tonnes

255,000,000 EUR

165,000 tonnes

UK Approach

  • CL:AIRE Code of Practice

  • Launched in 2008

  • Scope – excavated materials

  • Applied to > 450 projects

  • Private sector leading delivery

  • April 2012 to July 2013 approx.

  • 5,242,128m3

UK Approach - Case by Case opinions

  • National DoW Panel (England & Northern Ireland)

  • Guidance and Application Forms provided

  • 4 types of application:

    • Fuels

    • Materials to Land

    • Construction products

    • Manufacturing

UK Approach - Case by Case opinions

UK Approach - Case by Case opinions

  • Regulatory challenge

    • Quality of applications

    • New technologies

    • Freedom of Information requests

    • Dilution of contaminants

  • Business issues

    • Unclear assessment process

    • Length of time to provide an opinion

    • Need for robustness, reliable outcomes

    • Market impact of decisions

Improving our approach equal
Improving our approach - EQual


  • Provide EoW tools and guidance for regulators & businesses

  • Improve the evidence base supporting EoW

  • EU match funding – LIFE+

  • 3M Euro programme finishing in 2015

  • In partnership with industry and regulators

Improving our approach - EQual

  • To promote the sustainable use of waste-derived products the EQual programme will be producing:

    • “Quality Protocol Checker” Web Tool

    • Definition of Waste (DoW) Web Tool

    • Waste-derived product field trials


Improving our approach - EQual

Quality Protocol Checker

Improving our approach equal definition of waste web tool
Improving our approach - EQualDefinition of Waste Web Tool

  • Key objectives:

    • Enable better decision-making by industry

    • Streamline regulatory approaches to DoW

  • Particulars:

    • Developed by Environment Agency and Rijkswaterstaat

    • For use in NL and England, Wales, NI

    • Web tool trials and evaluation throughout 2013/14

Definition of waste web tool scope
Definition of Waste Web Tool - scope

  • By-Product and End of Waste Assessments

  • Developed jointly with the Netherlands

  • Takes a top-down approach from WFD

    • Market Assessment

    • Materials Processing

    • Product Standards

    • Environmental and Human Health Risk Assessment

Definition of Waste Web Tool - process

  • Possible Outcomes:

  • Is a Product

  • Is a By-Product

  • Is a Waste

  • Has achieved End of Waste

Start Market Assessment

Do you have customer contracts in place?



Market conditions not met

Upload evidence

Established market?



Next question…

Definition of Waste Web Tool: outputs

  • Provides a self-assessment PDF report

  • Allows submission of application to the Regulator for an opinion if desired

  • Flexible tool – as guidance, optional assessment, mandatory assessment

Improving our approach - EQualField Trials

Aim- Maximise the uptake of waste derived materials through building market confidence in their safety and suitability in place of ordinary materials.

Developing an eu network of interest in end of waste
Developing an EU Network of Interest in End of Waste

  • Germany, Austria, Sweden, Netherlands, Scotland, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Spain, Malta, Switzerland, France……

    “The tool could be used to train staff across Regulators in our country”

    “Initially we thought the tool would not be relevant for us, but now we can see how businesses can use it to assess their wastes”

Ongoing challenges

  • Legal and technical complexity

  • Regulatory disagreement impacts on TFS

  • Pressure due to significant benefits & risks

  • Protection of the land bank

  • Maintaining quality waste derived products

Thank you
Thank you

Roger Hoare

Environment & Business Manager

Environment Agency (England)

0117 934 4108

[email protected]