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E- Waste An Indian Perspective

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  1. E- WasteAn Indian Perspective E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  2. E-Waste Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. E-waste includes computers, entertainment electronics, mobile phones and other items that have been discarded by their original users. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  3. Problems • E-waste is the most rapidlygrowing waste problem in the world. • It is a crisis of not quantity alone but also a crisis born from toxics ingredients, posing a threat to the occupational health as well as the environment. • Rapid technology change, low initial cost, high obsolescence rate have resulted in a fast growing problem around the globe. • Legal framework, proper collection system missing. • Imports regularly coming to the recycling markets. • Inhumanworking conditions for recycling. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  4. E-Waste: Growth IT and telecom are two fastest growing industries in the country. • India, by 2008, should achieve a PC penetration of 65 per 1,000 from the existing 14 per 1,000 (MAIT) • At present, India has 15 million computers. The target being 75 million computers by 2010.# • Over 2 million old PCs ready for disposal in India. • Life of a computer reduced from 7 years to 3-5 years. # Source:http://sify.com/news/fullstory.php?id=13910603, E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  5. E-Waste: Growth • Over 75 million current mobile users, expected to increase to 200 million by 2007 end.* • Memory devices, MP3 players, iPods etc. are the newer additions. • Preliminary estimates suggest that total WEEE generation in India is approximately 1,46,000 tonnes per year.# # Source: http://www.e-waste.in/about_/ * Source: Hindu E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  6. E-Waste: Growth Three categories of WEEE account for almost 90% of the generation: Large Household appliances: 42.1% Information and communications: 33.9% technology equipment Consumer Electronics: 13.7% E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  7. E-Waste: Main Sources • Imports; • Govt., public and private sector discards (over 70%); • PC retailers, manufacturers; • Secondary market of old PCs; and • Individual Households. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  8. Average PC of approx. 31.5 kg wt. contains: 7.24 kg - Plastics 1.98 kg - Lead 0.693g - Mercury 0.4095g - Arsenic 2.961g - Cadmium 1.98g - Chromium 9.92g - Barium 4.94g - Beryllium Two million Obsolete PCs would mean: 14,427,000 kg 3,962,700 kg 1,386 kg 819 kg 5,922 kg 3,969 kg 19,845 kg 9,891 kg E-Waste Hazards E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  9. Existing Legislation • Trans boundary movement of E waste covered under the Basel convention. • India ratified the convention in 1992. • Waste listed in list A and list B which prohibits such movements. • Waste importers exploit such gaps as listed in the convention. • Allowed to import against a license. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  10. Existing Legislation… • Covered under the “Hazardous Waste Amended Rules, 2003” in List A and B of Schedule 3. • The Rule is inadequate to handle generation,transportation and disposal of this complex waste • Regulators unable to monitor and regulate the informal sector. • DGFT and Foreign Trade Policy 2002-07 trade and licensing – not under free imports. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  11. Need for Legal Framework • Ban on total imports of E waste. • Domestic legal framework to address these gaps in import of E Waste • Need to address safe disposal of domestic waste. • Tie recycling in with take-back product responsibility. E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  12. Ingredients of legislation • The Framework should address the issue of E waste imports for reuse and recycling. • Attract investment in this sector • Link up activities of informal sector with formal sector • Provide for appropriate framework for processes E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  13. Ingredients of legislationContd… • Promote adequate ESM technologies for recycling • Incorporate precautionary principles and polluter pays • Concept of EPR • Adopt Consultative process E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

  14. Thank you For further information contact: Toxics Link H-2 Jungpura Extension New Delhi- 110014 www.toxicslink.org Phone: 24320711/8006 Email: info@toxicslink.org E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

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