Differences in Philosophy lead to Conflict. Cold War:1945-1959. What is a “Cold War?”. “ A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats , propaganda , and other measures short of open warfare, in particular .”
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Stalin’s “Two Camps” Speech, February 9, 1946:
“Perhaps catastrophic wars could be avoided if it were possible periodically to redistribute raw materials and markets among the respective countries in conformity with their economic weight by means of concerted and peaceful decisions. But this is impossible under the present capitalist conditions of world economic development.”
What do you remember about Communism?
“It is clear that the United States cannot expect in the foreseeable future to enjoy political intimacy with the Soviet regime. It must continue to regard the Soviet Union as a rival, not a partner, in the political arena. It must continue to expect that Soviet policies will reflect no abstract love of peace and stability, no real faith in the possibility of a permanent happy coexistence of the Socialist and capitalist worlds, but rather a cautious, persistent pressure toward the disruption and weakening of all rival influence and rival power.”- George F. Kennan- “The Sources of Soviet Conduct”- Foreign Affairs
What might qualify Kennan as a credible source?
“... In substance, Mr. Churchill now stands in the position of a firebrand of war. And Mr. Churchill is not alone here. He has friends not only in England but also in the United States of America.
In this respect, one is reminded remarkably of Hitler and his friends. Hitler began to set war loose by announcing his racial theory, declaring that only people speaking the German language represent a fully valuable nation. Mr. Churchill begins to set war loose, also by a racial theory, maintaining that only nations speaking the English language are fully valuable nations, called upon to decide the destinies of the entire world.”- Interview with Pravda, March 14, 1946
“Support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures…”
European Recovery Act (Marshall Plan)- June 5, 1947
North Atlantic Treaty Organization- April 4, 1949
Warsaw Pact- May 14, 1955
Reaction to West Germany joining NATO
Goal: Defense putting Soviets in charge of armed forces of satellite nations.
Who is the Truman Doctrine supposed to support? What is the purpose of containment?