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Differences in Philosophy lead to Conflict. Cold War:1945-1959. What is a “Cold War?”. “ A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats , propaganda , and other measures short of open warfare, in particular .”

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What is a cold war
What is a “Cold War?”

  • “Astate of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.”

  • “A conflict over ideological differences carried on by methods short of sustained overt military action and usually without breaking off diplomatic relations.”

Review end of wwii 1945
Review: End of WWII- 1945

  • Potsdam Conference: What was discussed?

  • Growing tension

Soviet union and eastern europe
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

Stalin’s “Two Camps” Speech, February 9, 1946:

“Perhaps catastrophic wars could be avoided if it were possible periodically to redistribute raw materials and markets among the respective countries in conformity with their economic weight by means of concerted and peaceful decisions. But this is impossible under the present capitalist conditions of world economic development.”

What do you remember about Communism?

Satellite nations
“Satellite Nations”


United states and containment february 22 1946
United States and Containment- February 22, 1946

  • Containment Policy

    • George F. Keenan- U.S. Foreign Diplomat in Moscow

    • Sent “Long Telegram” detailing his issues with the Stalin and Soviet power.

    • “Letter X”

      “It is clear that the United States cannot expect in the foreseeable future to enjoy political intimacy with the Soviet regime. It must continue to regard the Soviet Union as a rival, not a partner, in the political arena. It must continue to expect that Soviet policies will reflect no abstract love of peace and stability, no real faith in the possibility of a permanent happy coexistence of the Socialist and capitalist worlds, but rather a cautious, persistent pressure toward the disruption and weakening of all rival influence and rival power.”- George F. Kennan- “The Sources of Soviet Conduct”- Foreign Affairs

      What might qualify Kennan as a credible source?

The iron curtain march 6 1946
“The Iron Curtain”- March 6, 1946

  • Winston Churchill

  • Westminster College,Fulton Missouri

  • https://www.winstonchurchill.org/learn/speeches/speeches-of-winston-churchill/120-the-sinews-of-peace

  • “If the population of the English-speaking Commonwealths be added to that of the United States with all that such co-operation implies in the air, on the sea, all over the globe and in science and in industry, and in moral force, there will be no quivering, precarious balance of power to offer its temptation to ambition or adventure.”

Stalin s response
Stalin’s Response-

“... In substance, Mr. Churchill now stands in the position of a firebrand of war. And Mr. Churchill is not alone here. He has friends not only in England but also in the United States of America.

In this respect, one is reminded remarkably of Hitler and his friends. Hitler began to set war loose by announcing his racial theory, declaring that only people speaking the German language represent a fully valuable nation. Mr. Churchill begins to set war loose, also by a racial theory, maintaining that only nations speaking the English language are fully valuable nations, called upon to decide the destinies of the entire world.”- Interview with Pravda, March 14, 1946

U s support in europe 1947
U.S. Support in Europe- 1947

  • Truman Doctrine (March 12, 1947)

    “Support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures…”

Through economic stability and orderly political process
“…through economic stability and orderly political process.”

European Recovery Act (Marshall Plan)- June 5, 1947

Berlin blockade and airlift june 1948 may 1949
Berlin Blockade and Airlift (June 1948-May 1949) process.”


Developing alliances
Developing Alliances process.”

North Atlantic Treaty Organization- April 4, 1949

Warsaw Pact- May 14, 1955

8 Nations

Reaction to West Germany joining NATO

Goal: Defense putting Soviets in charge of armed forces of satellite nations.

  • 12 Nations

  • Goal: Defense of potential Soviet Invasion

  • After Berlin Airlift West Germany invited May 9, 1949

  • http://www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html#basic

Hungary uprising october 23 november 10 1956
Hungary process.”Uprising- October 23- November 10, 1956

Who is the Truman Doctrine supposed to support? What is the purpose of containment?