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Pollution

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  1. Pollution • Pollution can be anything that is added to the environment that hurts it • Pollution can cause people, animals, and plants to get sick or die

  2. Types of Pollution • There are four major types: • Water pollution • Air pollution • Land pollution • Scenic pollution • Noise pollution

  3. NIMBY - Not In My Backyard • For eight years, Senator Ted Kennedy (D-MA), along with other wealthy Cape Cod NIMBY residents have stymied the development of an offshore wind project called Cape Wind. • The NIMBY Smackdown: Cape Wind Project Gets its First Go-Ahead • RFK Jr. and other prominent enviros face off over Cape Cod wind farm

  4. How does pollution get into the stream? • Put there on purpose = POINT SOURCE • Factories • Sewage Treatment • Acid Mine Drainage • Not on purpose, run-off = NONPOINT • Fertilizer on lawns • Sediment • Pesticides

  5. Kinds of pollution • Dirt/sediment • Fertilizers (nitrates) • Soap (phosphates) • Oil or Gasoline • Bacteria • Heat • Pesticides, Chemicals, Metals • Trash or Litter

  6. Where does it come from? • Dirt/Sediment • Bare areas with exposed dirt • Fertilizer • Gardens, yards, plants and farms • Illegal biowaste - Seelyville, PA • Soap • Washing cars, grey water, soap used outside

  7. Where does it come from? • Oil or Gasoline • Parking Lots, Driveways • Bacteria • Animal wastes

  8. Where does it come from? • Heat • Power plants • Pesticides, Chemicals, Metals • Farm fields, Landfills, Acid Mine Drainage • Trash or Litter • Landfills • Humans

  9. What are we doing about these problems? • Dirt/Sediment • Why do we need good soil? • It takes 1,000 years to make 2 inches • The world has to eat! • Soil Conservation • Plowing techniques can prevent soil erosion • Strip Cropping • Contour Farming • Terracing

  10. What are we doing about these problems? • Dirt/Sediment • Rock-lined Ditches (Rip Rap) • Retention Basins • Siltation Fences

  11. Get the Pollution Solution! • Fertilizers (nitrates) • Limit amount used • Manure Storage Facility • Only apply during prime time for absorption • Use as much natural vs. artificial

  12. Get the Pollution Solution! • Soap (Phosphates) • Use none or less • Dilute whenever possible • Combine partial bottles • Phosphate free detergents

  13. Get the Pollution Solution! • Oil or Gasoline • Recycle (Wal-mart) • Fix leaky cars • Use alternate energy resources

  14. Get the Pollution Solution! • Bacteria • Heat/Sterilize contaminated substances • Sanitary Landfills - Cover landfills with dirt • Wash your hands

  15. Get the Pollution Solution! • Heat • Cooling Towers for Power Plants • Use river water to cool within plants • Mix household water with cooler water

  16. Get the Pollution Solution! • Pesticides, Chemicals, Metals • Dilute pesticides • Only use the correct ones • Dilute chemicals poured down the drain • Acid Mine Reclamation • Avoid fracking for Natural Gas • Metal Replacement

  17. Get the Polution Solution! • Trash or Litter • Composting • Bioremediation Tanks • Incineration • Reduce • Source Reduction • Biodegradable • Reuse • Recycling