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Islamic Astronomy. By: Max Crawford and Clare Wolf. Islamic Astronomy. Astronomy had a privileged status among the hierarchy of Islamic Sciences It provided insight to the divinely inspired nature of the universe. Provided solutions to every day problems.

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islamic astronomy

Islamic Astronomy

By:

Max Crawford and Clare Wolf

islamic astronomy1
Islamic Astronomy
  • Astronomy had a privileged status among the hierarchy of Islamic Sciences
  • It provided insight to the divinely inspired nature of the universe.
  • Provided solutions to every day problems.
  • Astronomical data was essential to establish the Muslim calendar and dates of religious festivals based on lunar cycles.
invention
Invention
  • Al Zarqali (Arzachel)
    • Contributed to the Toledan Tables:
      • Highly accurate compilation of astronomical data
    • Developed precise instruments for astronomical use:
      • Clock that indicated days and months
  • Al-Bitruji
    • Developed new theory of stellar movement based on Aristotle’s thinking
    • Made the Book of Form
      • Later became popular in the West
invention1
Invention
  • Invented the sextant
  • Developed astrolabe
    • Later Europeans used the astrolabe to further their own development and education of astronomy
influence
Influence
  • Islamic Maps in high demand of other cultures:
    • China
    • Europe: inspired European scientists to make astronomical instruments
  • Practical applications
    • Navigation
  • Sophistication of astronomical instruments
    • Made astronomical tables and maps
influence1
Influence
  • Names of stars from Islamic Astronomers still used today:
    • Altair
    • Deneb
    • Betelgeuse
  • Astronomical Terms:
    • Zenith
    • Nadir
    • Azimuth
impact
Impact
  • Advances in:
    • Time
      • Months
      • Days
      • Weeks
      • Holidays
    • Navigation
      • Astronomical Maps
      • Land maps
  • Islamic Astronomy still used in modern day society
  • Helped other civilizations further their own astronomical education
    • Some even improved the Islamic inventions further
works cited
Works Cited
  • http://islamicity.com/Mosque/ihame/Sec12.htm
  • http://www.muslimheritage.com/Default.aspx
  • http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/scienceislam/index.php
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