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Geopolitics: Imperial Ages of China & Japan. Chapter 11, Section 4. For HW (due Thursday). Reading and notes pgs 491-499. Remember the qualities of good notes Complete thoughts Well-organized Main ideas in complete sentences Historical details to support Analysis. Dynastic rule

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for hw due thursday
For HW (due Thursday)
  • Reading and notes pgs 491-499.
  • Remember the qualities of good notes
    • Complete thoughts
    • Well-organized
    • Main ideas in complete sentences
    • Historical details to support
    • Analysis
china powerful dynasties
Dynastic rule

Mandate of Heaven

Son of Heaven

Confucian based bureaucracy

Isolation

Middle Kingdom

Influence over Korea & Japan

Nomads are a constant threat

Favorable trade balance

Silk Road

China: Powerful Dynasties
emperor qian long letter to george iii 1793
As your Ambassador can see for himself, we possess all things. I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your country's manufactures. This then is my answer to your request to appoint a representative at my Court, a request contrary to our dynastic usage, which would only result in inconvenience to yourself. It behoves you, O King, to respect my sentiments and to display even greater devotion and loyalty in future, so that, by perpetual submission to our Throne, you may secure peace and prosperity for your country hereafter.

http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/texts/qianlong.html

Emperor Qian Long: Letter to George III, 1793
the opium wars 1839 1860
Europe looking to shift the balance of trade

Opium used to shift trade deficit

1821: 4,500 chests (150 lbs of extract in each) smuggled into China

1830:30,000 chests

1838: 40,000 chests

1842: 2 million of 400 million Chinese use opium

1881: 130 million of 370 million use opium

British easily defeated China, creating an internal breakdown.

The Opium Wars (1839-1860)
lin zexu letter to queen victoria 1839
Lin Zexu: Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839
  • The products that originate from China are all useful items. They are good for food and other purposes and are easy to sell. Has China produced one item that is harmful to foreign countries? I have heard that you are a kind, compassionate monarch. I am sure that you will not do to others what you yourself do not desire. The present law calls for the imposition of the death sentence on any Chinese who has peddled or smoked opium. Since a Chinese could not peddle or smoke opium if foreigners had not brought it to China, it is clear that the true culprits of a Chinese's death as a result of an opium conviction are the opium traders from foreign countries. If the merchants of your honorable country wish to enjoy trade with us on a permanent basis, they must fearfully observe our law by cutting off, once and for all, the supply of opium. Under no circumstance should they test our intention to enforce the law by deliberately violating it. You, as the ruler of your honorable country, should do your part to uncover the hidden and unmask the wicked.
treaty of nanjing 1842
Treaty of Nanjing (1842)
  • China separated into Spheres of Influence
japan 1600 1868 tokugawa shogunate
JAPAN1600-1868Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Isolation, NOT stagnation
  • Military rule under shogun
  • No/very limited foreign presence
1868 1889 meiji restoration
1868-1889Meiji Restoration
  • Restored emperor
    • Shogun, daimyo and samurai disappear
  • Industrialized Japan
    • Needs raw materials
  • Copied western styles
    • Wants to be seen as powerful as western powers
post wwii japan
U.S. Occupation

Democratization

Japanese Economic Miracle

Post WWII Japan
the cold war 1945 1990s
JAPAN

Post-war recovery

Ally to the U.S.

Democratic and capitalist

CHINA

Civil war (Nationalists vs. Communists)

Becomes a communist nation in 1949

KOREA

Divided by the USSR and U.S.

1950-1953 Korean WarNorth Korea: isolated, dictatorship, poverty, nuclear threats

South Korea: growth, wealthy trade nation

The Cold War (1945-1990s)
for hw due thursday1
For HW (due Thursday)
  • Reading and notes pgs 491-499.
  • Remember the qualities of good notes
    • Complete thoughts
    • Well-organized
    • Main ideas in complete sentences
    • Historical details to support
    • Analysis
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