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Unit 2

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  1. Unit 2 • learn to describe people’s character, physical appearance and behaviour • revise the passive in the past tense; • extend your knowledge of multi-word verbs; • revise the use of used to and learn to use would; • learn how to describe and comment on other people’s habits.

  2. objectives • 学习描述人物性格、外貌和行为。 • 复习一般过去时的被动语态 • 学习短语动词 • 复习used to 并学习would的用法; • 学习如何描述和批评他人的习惯

  3. 词汇 • admirevt.钦佩,羡慕 • e.g. I admire her for her bravery. 我钦佩她的勇气。 synonyms同义词 admire--- look up to go on--- continue grow--- get larger put up with--- tolerate a relation of yours--- related to you demolish---knock down take care of--- look after

  4. bring up抚养 e.g. she's going to bring her children up to be honest and loyal. diagnosevt. 诊断 e.g. She was diagnosed as diabetic. 她被诊断出糖尿病。 get on well相处融洽 e.g.We get on very well. 我们相处非常融洽。

  5. hate仇恨,憎恨, 厌恶 hate 后面跟动名词(ing)形式,表示不喜欢,讨厌做某事。 hate后面还可以跟动词不定式 (to do), 表示具体某次讨厌做某事, hates hunting “憎恶打猎” I like riding and hunting, but Anna hates hunting.

  6. I hate to tell this to you, but I have to.我实在不想告诉你这件事,但是我不得不告诉你。 类似用法的动词还有like, love等。 She loves looking after animals. 她爱照顾动物。 I love meeting new people. 我喜爱结交新朋友。 I’d like to go there alone. 我想单独去那儿。 We don’t like to disturb you. 我们不想打扰你。

  7. poke one’s nose into sb’s business探听别人的事情 put up with容忍,忍受 take after(长得)像 e.g. she takes after her mother. He takes after his father both in hisappearance and in his character. 他外表和性格都像他父亲 look like, be like像,看起来像 be like这里主要强调性格方面的特征。

  8. tell off责备 注意如果宾语是代词, 则需放在两词之间 e.g. I don't remember ever telling her off. 我不曾记得责备过她 Mum always tells me off. take on 聘用 take them on; take on students

  9. only daughter唯一的女儿 only child 独生子 the extended family 大家庭(数代同堂的家庭) nuclear family核心家庭或小家庭 DINKS/dinks double income, no kids四个单词首字母的缩写,没有子女的上班族夫妇称为丁克族 grandparents parents father mother uncle aunt daughter son brother sister cousin nephew niece

  10. go on living …“继续住在……。” go on doing sth 表示继续作事。 go on to do sth 则表示接着做另一件事 。 After I watched the TV play, I went on to do my homework.看完电视剧后,我接着做作业 remember remember doing sth 记得做过什么 remember to do sth 表示记住要做什么 I remember taking an umbrella with me, but I can’t find it now. 我记得带了一把伞,但现在却找不着了。 Remember to take an umbrella with you. It’s going to rain soon. 记着带上雨伞,很快要下雨了。