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Unit 3 WW2

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  1. Unit 3 WW2 PART 1 Canadians of Japanese Ancestry

  2. In the Beginning • Emperor Hirohito – Part of the ‘Axis Powers’, along with Hitler and Mussolini • Time of Japanese imperialism (expansion of their empire in the Pacific) • Dec 1941 Attack Pearl Harbor and the colony of Hong Kong – Being defended by Canadian soldiers • Now at war with Japan - Pacific

  3. Canada feels vulnerable. A Japanese attack on Canadian soil is possible and feared Pre-existing racism towards Japanese Canadians is aggravated by a fear of an attack A Defensive Canada

  4. Japanese Canadians look different May speak a different language have different customs Live close to the coastline Work mostly in the fisheries Although many have been Canadian for generations they are fears, not trusted and suspected of possibly being spies Perceived as a threat Canadians of Japanese Ancestry - General

  5. Striped of their rights / property / possessions Loose the right to vote Forbidden employment Forbidden to attend school Carry id cards Property and possessions (homes, cars, fishing boats) confiscated Property later sold at reduced rates to pay for their (Involuntary) internment Treatment of Canadian’s of Japanese Ancestry

  6. Feb 1942. Mackenzie King announced that all Japanese Canadians would be forcibly removed from within a hundred–mile swath of the Pacific coast To “safeguard the defences of the Pacific Coast of Canada.” They were uprooted from their homes, stripped of their property, and dispersed across Canada Japanese Internment

  7. 22,000 people were taken from their homes and scattered throughout BC. The Canadian government set up 8 internment camps in interior BC Dreadful conditions – cold, lack of fresh water, poor nutrition, disease… After the war people were given a choice: to be scattered over eastern Canada or deported to Japan (10,000) Slideshow Peoples History Clip Disk 12 Japanese Canadians

  8. Unit 3 World War 2 Part 2 The A-bomb

  9. America had a top-secret plan: - Manhattan Project – To design and deliver an atom bomb before anybody else does Included participation from England and Canada Oppenhiemer – Lead Physicist The Bomb

  10. August 6, 1945, a lone American bomber flew high over the Japanese city of Hiroshima Dropped a single bomb named “Little Boy” 1st atomic bomb unleashed on the world The End of the WarThe A-Bomb

  11. The A-bomb continued • 90,000–166,000 killed at Hiroshima • 60,000–80,000 killed at Nagasaki • Thousands would die later from radiation poisoning • Leukemia

  12. Hiroshima & Nagasaki after the Bomb

  13. V- J Day • Japan surrendered August 14 – 1945 • The War was OVER!!!! • The new world order • Two new world super – powers • Atomic age • A territorial war based on ideas (communism vs. free democracy / capitalism) • The Cold War begins