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Book 2 Unit 7

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  1. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Lighten your Load and Save your Life

  2. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 • Background information • Watch and Discuss  • Compound Dictation  • Fun Time  • Text • Reproduction

  3. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Background information 1. A workaholicis a person who works excessively or whose life is consumed by work. 2. The Stone Age  is the earliest known time in human history, when only stone was used for making tools and weapons, etc.

  4. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 3. The University of Nebraska    The university (1869) has four campuses. Its main campus is located in Lincoln, where colleges of arts and sciences, agriculture, education, architecture, engineering, and technology, business administration, home economics, journalism, and law are housed. Its Omaha campus has courses leading to bachelor’s and master’s degrees. Its medical center has colleges of medicine, nursing, dentistry, and pharmacy.

  5. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 4. Benjamin(Ben) Franklin A very famous American of the 1700’s, best known for his experiments with electricity and nature, using kites.

  6. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 5. Quotable Ben Franklin • Eat to live, and not live to eat. • Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead. • Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. • If you would not be forgotten as • you are dead and rotten, • either write things worthy of reading, or do things worth the • writing.

  7. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 • The worst wheel of a cart makes the most noise. • There are three faithful friends — an old wife, an old dog, and ready money. • Glass, china, and reputation, • are easily crack'd, and never • well mended. • A country man between two lawyers, is like a fish between two cats.

  8. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 6. Job Stress Stress is another factor that can lead to illness. It’s not that stress causes a cold or a flu, but it can lower your body’s resistance by depressing the immune system. For many, a major source of daily stress is their jobs, and stress levels can be particularly high in a big city emergency room, like this one. And unfortunately, catching a cold is the least of a stressed-out worker’s worries. … More?

  9. New Horizon College English Dr. Robert S. Eliot is a cardiologist at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. One of his best-sellers is From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life. You can read a short discussion on his book at http://www.watchtower.org/library/g/1998/3/22/article_01.htm. Book 2 Unit 7

  10. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Watch and Discuss Directions: Watch the video and then discuss the topics as follows: • What causes stress at work? key 2. How to tackle the stress at work? key

  11. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 What causes stress at work? Recent research finds that today’s working people, though exposed to less physical stress, are experiencing much more psychological stress than ever in history. The factors for such stress can be listed as follows: (1) The demand of your job;

  12. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 (2) The control staff have over how you do your work; (3) The support you receive from your colleagues and superiors; (4) Your relationship with your colleagues; (5) Whether you understand your roles or your responsibilities; (6) High staff turnover;

  13. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 (7) Lack of communication with your fellows; (8) Lack of feedback on performance; (9) Radical changes in technology; (10) Inadequate awareness of roles and responsibilities; (11) Lack of skills as required at work.

  14. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 How to tackle the stress at work? How to cope with work-oriented stress, therefore, should call for more and more of our concern. As shown in the video, hugging each other in the morning is just one way of keeping under control the stress in the workplace. The manager here focuses on keeping workers happy to relieve their psychological burden.

  15. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 So good relations improve the working environment and lighten the stress.Besides, holding an interesting and rewarding job enables one to cope with stress. Finally, enhancement of skills as required in particular tasks, cultivation of team spirit, and tolerance of fellows’ personalities can be strong preventive measures to help one avoid the serious health consequences of stress.

  16. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Compound Dictation  Directions: You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S8 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered S9 to S11 you are required to fill in missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Now listen to the passage.

  17. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Compound Dictation  The time you spend at the office may be the most stressful part of your day, but it doesn’t have to be. You have a greater ability to [S01]_____ your office environment than you may [S02]______. Take breaks throughout the day. It will help clear your mind and [S03]______ pressure. Something as simple as going to the water cooler for a drink may do the [S04]____. shape realize relieve trick

  18. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Compound Dictation  Try listening to music recordings, such as a pounding [S05]____ or songbirds, to help you [S06]_____. Such tapes are sold [S07]____________. Use headphones if you’ll be listening to them in the middle of the [S08]________. Get to work early or stay late once a week. [S09] _________________________________________________________. surf relax commercially workday You may be able to accomplish more when you vary your routine

  19. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Compound Dictation  [S10]_____________________________________________________. Update your resume, and remind yourself of your skills and strengths. [S11] ___________________________________________________________. This will make you valuable to employers. If your stress comes from job insecurity, take stock of yourself Also, make sure you keep up with new developments in your field

  20. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Fun Time IV. Fun Time • Birds Fly

  21. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Feel stressed? Now stop to watch how birds enjoy their lives. Life is a chain of moments of enjoyment; not only about survival. So never delay anything that adds laughter and joy to your life.

  22. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 New Words Text Learning Paragraph Writing English Equivalents of Chinese Text Understanding

  23. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 • Chinese to English • 学会把握自己的生活 • 你必须学会随波逐流 • 44岁时患心脏病 • 使自己心平气和的一个步骤 • 将病因归于压力 • 找出愤怒的来源 • 认识到许多事情是身不由己 learn to take charge of your life you have to learn how to flow suffer a heart attack at age 44 one step to calming down attribute the cause of the disease to stress find out where the anger is coming from recognize there are many things beyond your control

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  30. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life Para. 1 If you often feel angry and overwhelmed, like the stress in your life is spinning out of control, then you may be hurting your heart. Para. 2 If you don’t want to break your own heart, you need to learn to take charge ofyour life where you can—and recognize there are many things beyond your control. 句型

  31. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 3 So says Dr. Robert S. Eliot, author of a new book titled From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life. He’s a clinical professor of medicine at the University of Nebraska.Para. 4 Eliot says there are people in this world that he calls “hot reactors”. For these people, being tense may cause tremendous and rapid increases in their blood pressure.

  32. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 5a Eliot says researchers have found that stressed people have higher cholesterol levels, among other things. “We’ve done years of work in showing that excess alarm or stress chemicals can literally burst heart muscle fibers.

  33. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 5b When that happens it happens very quickly, within five minutes. It creates many short circuits, and that causes crazy heart rhythms. The heart beats like a bag of worms instead of a pump. And when that happens, we can’t live.”

  34. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 6 Eliot, 64, suffered a heart attack at age 44. He attributes some of the cause to stress. For years he was a “hot reactor”. On the exterior, he was cool, calm and collected, but on the interior, stress was killing him. He’s now doing very well. 句型

  35. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 7 The main predictors of destructive levels of stress are the FUD factors—fear, uncertainty and doubt—together with perceived lack of control, he says. Para. 8 For many people, the root of their stress is anger, and the trick is to find out where the anger is coming from. “Does the anger come from a feeling that everything must be perfect?” Eliot asks. 句型

  36. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 9 “That’s very common in professional women. They feel they have to be all things to all peopleand do it all perfectly. They think, ‘I should, I must, I have to.’ Good enough is never good enough. Perfectionists cannot delegate. They get angry that they have to carry it all, and they blow their tops. Then they feel guilty and they start the whole cycle over again.”

  37. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 10“Others are angry because they have no compass in life. And they give the same emphasis toa traffic jam that they give a family argument,” he says. “If you are angry for more than five minutes—if you stir the anger within you and let it build with no safety outlet—you have to find out where it’s coming from.”

  38. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 11 “What happens is that the hotter people get, physiologically, with mental stress, the more likely they are to blow apart with some heart problem.” Para. 12 One step to calming down is to recognize you have this tendency. Learn to be less hostile by changing some of your attitudes and negative thinking. 句型

  39. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 13 Eliot recommends taking charge of your life. “If there is one word that should be substituted for stress, it’s control. Instead of the FUD factors, what you want is the NICE factors  new, interesting, challenging experiences.” Para. 14 “You have to decide what parts of your life you can control,” he says. “Stop where you are on your trail and say, ‘I’m going to get my compass out and find out what I need to do.’ ”

  40. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 15 He suggests that people write down the six things in their lives that they feel are the most important things they’d like to achieve. Ben Franklin did it at age 32. “He wrote down things like being a better father, being a better husband, being financially independent, being stimulated intellectually and remaining even-tempered—he wasn’t good at that.”

  41. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 16 Eliot says you can first make a list of 12 things, then cut it down to 6 and set your priorities. “Don’t give yourself impossible things, but things that will affect your identity, control and self-worth.” Para. 17 “Put them on a note card and take it with you and look at it when you need to. Since we can’t create a 26-hour day we have to decide what things we’re going to do.”

  42. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 18 Keep in mind that over time these priorities are going to change. “The kids grow up, the dog dies and you change your priorities.” Para. 19 From Eliot’s viewpoint, the other key to controlling stress is to “realize that there are other troublesome parts of your life over which you can have little or no control—like the economy and politicians”. 句型 句型

  43. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Para. 20 You have to realize that sometimes with things like traffic jams, deadlines and unpleasant bosses, “You can’t fight. You can’t flee. You have to learn how to flow.”

  44. New Horizon College English Writing 写作实践 写作模式 Book 2 Unit 7 Paragraph Writing

  45. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Topic: The statement or argument about sth. is made. Cause / Effect:Analyses are made of the causes for sth. or effects of sth.. Effect / Cause:Conclusions are drawn as to the effects of sth. or the causes of sth.

  46. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Example:Eliot, 64, suffered a heart attack at age 44. (Effect) He attributes some of the cause to stress. For years he was a “hot reactor”. On the exterior, he was cool, calm and collected, but on the interior, stress was killing him. He’s now doing very well. (Cause)

  47. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 写作实践 Directions: Have a look at the sample cause-and-effect paragraph based on the outline below.

  48. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Topic: Driven out of a store Cause:● wearing casual clothes that hadn’t been ironed ● going to an upper-scale store Effect:● drawing prejudice ● children’s staring and laughing ● adults’ doubtful look ● clerks’ following track ● refused to use bathroom ● lack of trust

  49. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 [Sample Composition] The worst experience I have ever had was the day a friend and I were driven out of a store. (Topic) One day my friend and I went downtown to shop. We were wearing casual clothes that hadn’t been ironed and went to one of the large upper-scale stores. (Cause)

  50. New Horizon College English Book 2 Unit 7 Our down-scale clothing immediately drew prejudice. Some of the children we encountered stared, pointed, and laughed; adults gave us long, doubtful look. Clerks in stores followed our tracks to watch our every move. And they even refused to let us use the bathroom. Both of us felt that there was no room for us and that the lack of trust and rude stares virtually drove us out of the store.(Effect)