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Bridgeport Reentry Initiative. Program Model for Creating Change Presented by Marcia Hughes, Ph.D. Center for Social Research, University of Hartford September 30, 2009. Stages of Program Implementation (Fixsen, Naoom, Blasé, Friedman, Wallace, 2005).

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bridgeport reentry initiative

Bridgeport Reentry Initiative

Program Model for Creating Change

Presented by Marcia Hughes, Ph.D.

Center for Social Research, University of Hartford

September 30, 2009

stages of program implementation fixsen naoom blas friedman wallace 2005
Stages of Program Implementation(Fixsen, Naoom, Blasé, Friedman, Wallace, 2005)
  • Exploration & Adoption: Identify the need for an intervention, acquire information, and mobilize support.
  • Program Installation: Active preparation, using and leveraging resources (funding, staff, policy development), hiring staff, secure space
  • Initial Implementation: Complexity & change skill levels, capacity, culture of organization; requires time to mature; “awkward stage”
  • Full Operation: New learning becomes integrated; fully operational, referrals are flowing; eventually “accepted practice”
  • Innovation: New staff under different conditions can lead to program drift vs. innovation; first implement with fidelity to model, then innovate
  • Sustainability: need to adjust, maintain program component in shifting ecology - funding, skilled practitioners, political alliances, social problems
purpose of today s talk
Purpose of Today’s Talk
  • Articulate the model for creating change
    • Is everyone on the same page?
    • If not, need to clarify/modify as needed
  • Program Focus/Development
  • Evaluation of program
    • Process and Outcome evaluation
    • Measures and data collection
  • Program Development & Evaluation Questions
need for intervention purpose of the project
Need for Intervention & Purpose of the Project
  • The “Problem” or Need for intervention:
  • Many people returning to Bridgeport community are not succeeding in term of employment, supporting themselves& families
  • High recidivism rates
  • 3. Little to no transitional support for people being released from prison.
  • 4. Need systemic change; “shift in the culture”
  • 5. Economic downturn; community unprepared
  • Goal of the intervention:
  • Engage people as soon as possible and equip with tools, skills and resources for successful reentry.
  • Reduce recidivism rates
  • Releasing offender receives consistent and meaningful support and guidance from pre-release to post-release.
  • Develop replicable model
  • Help equip community to give people returning from prison the same consideration given to other citizens.
program process organizational service plan

Male or Female

Up to 6 mo pre-release

30% EOS; no sex offend

Bridgeport area resident

York

Gates

Bergin

Target Population

Pre-Release Services/Post-Release Services

Services

Department of

Corrections

Department

of Labor

Project Coordinator(s)

Assessment Person

Facility Staff &Community Org.

Parole/Probation

Organization Plan

Program Process: Organizational & Service Plan
target population
Target Population

Dysfunctional families

History of Trauma

Substance abuse

or dependence

Criminal Histories

Criminal thinking patterns

- attitudes toward law

Cognitive distortions-

anger & hostility

Social-emotional

deviance

High risk,

Multiple needs,

Violent offenders, EOS

Uninformed on services

Different perspective

No role models

Limited resources

Not succeeding

Need for support,

guidance, supervision

Gender difference*

organization plan
Organization Plan

US Department of Justice

CT Dept of Correction

Facility Services

Family Reentry

Pre-Release (including orientation)

Post-Release

Subcontracts

US Department of Labor

Career Resources Inc.

Reentry Works

Orientation Only

Post-Release

Subcontracts

“Each agency represents all of us”

N= 200

~ 100

  • Family Re-entry & Fresh Start Reentry
  • Career Services, Inc
  • Center for Women & Families
  • The Co-Op Center/Council of Churches
  • CT Legal Services
organization plan1
Organization Plan

“Each agency represents all of us”

US Department of Justice/ US Department of Labor

CT Dept of Correction

Facility Services

Family Reentry Career Resources Inc.

Reentry Works

Pre-Release (including orientation)

Post-Release

Subcontracts

  • Making it seamless:
  • Facility Coordinator
  • Community Coordinator
services
Services
  • Pre-Release Services
  • Orientation
  • Assessment
  • Re-entry workbook
  • Job Center
  • Transitional Plan
  • Post-Release Services
  • Utilization of assessment, workbook, transition plan (by case manager, p/p)
  • Access & use of community services: case management, employment, social reunification, life skills
slide10

Target Population

Stability

Employment

Education

Life Quality

Recruitment

Participation

Retention

Service Arena

Decrease in Recidivism

Organization Plan

PROGRAM PROCESS

IMPACT

Quality of Relationships

Collaboration

program focus mediators moderators
Program Focus: Mediators & Moderators
  • Collaboration- In order to address the complexity of the issues, need to have collaboration: Process for creating change.
  • Quality of Interpersonal Relationships Engagement is critical first step to shaping change; Culture-shift
  • Motivational Interviewing-Change-focused; Evidence-based methods do not readily diffuse into practice*
  • Moderators/interaction effects- individual/family/friend characteristics, history, resources
basic evaluation measures data collection
Basic Evaluation: Measures & Data Collection

Not enough to say you are making a difference: Need to know how, in what ways, and for whom.

other program development evaluation questions
Other Program Development & Evaluation Questions

2. Collaboration: What does it mean to “link” agencies?

1. Program model: What components are necessary?

  • Re-entry, assessment

3. What is the process through which the relationship with case manager effects a change?

  • 4. Evaluate utility of assessment tools: Screening, classifying risk, prioritizing treatment and intensity of service
  • 5. For whom is the project working, in what ways, and under what conditions? Who are we not reaching and why?

6. Infrastructure and sustainability: Document “lessons learned” How to replicate the model? Deliberative conversations.

7. How can the partners build community awareness & support?

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