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INTRODUCTION TO ANATOM Y. The Anatomical Position. Standing upright Face directed forward Feet together Toes pointed forward Arms hanging down at the sides Palms of hand facing forward. PLANES. Imaginary structure Transect the human body

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the anatomical position
TheAnatomicalPosition
  • Standingupright
  • Facedirectedforward
  • Feettogether
  • Toespointedforward
  • Armshangingdown at thesides
  • Palms of handfacingforward
planes
PLANES
  • Imaginarystructure
  • Transectthehuman body
  • Describethelocation of thestructures & direction of themovements
coronal planes
CoronalPlanes
  • Alsoknown as frontalplane
  • Orientedvertically
  • Devidethe body intoanteriorandposteriorparts
sagittal planes
SagittalPlanes
  • Orientedvertically
  • Runsthrough body fromanteriortoposterior
  • Devidethe body intorightandleftparts
  • Midsagittalplane (Medianplane): Sagittalplanepassingthroughthecentre of the body dividing it intoequalrightandlefthalves
transverse planes
TransversePlanes
  • Alsoknown as horizontalplaneoraxialplane
  • Perpendiculartothecoronalandsagittalplanes
  • Devidesthe body intosuperiorandinferiorparts
anatomical term nology
ANATOMICAL TERMİNOLOGY
  • Termswhichdescriberelationandcomparison
  • Termswhichdescribemovement
terms of relation comparison
Terms of Relation & Comparison
  • Anterior (ventral); Describetheposition of thestructuresrelativetothefront of the body
  • Posterior(dorsal); Describetheposition of thestructuresrelatedtotheback of the body
  • Medial; Describetheposition of thestructuresrelativetothemediansagittalplane
  • Lateral;Describethestructuresrelativetothesides of the body
  • Median; Describestructures on themedianplane
terms of relation comparison1
Terms of Relation & Comparison
  • Superior (Proximal); Describestructures in referencetotheverticalaxis of the body
  • Inferior (Distal); Describestructures in referencetotheverticalaxis of the body
  • Cranial; Describestructuresrelativetohead
  • Caudal; Describestructuresrelativetotail
terms of relation comparison2
Terms of Relation& Comparison
  • Superficial;Describestructuresrelativetosurface of the body
  • Intermediate
  • Profundus (Deep); Describestructures far awayfromthesurface of the body
  • Dorsum
  • Palmar
  • Plantar
terms of movement
Terms of Movement
  • Flexion; physicalpositionortype of movementdecreasingtheanglebetweenbones of thelimb at a joint
  • Extension; Movementincreasingtheanglebetweenbones of he limb at a joint
terms of movement1
Terms of Movement
  • Abduction;movingawayfomthesagittalplane
  • Adduction: Movingtowardthesagittalplane
  • Elevation;raising a structure
  • Depression;Lowering a structure
terms of movement2
Terms of Movement
  • Pronation ( Medialrotation);
  • Placingpalmbackward in anatomicalposition
  • Supination(Lateralrotation);
  • Placingpalmforward in anatomicalposition
  • Eversion;Inwardroll of thefoot
  • Inversion; Outwardroll of thefoot (inversion)
  • Circumdiction