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  1. Presentation 6 How to conduct training programmes on cleaner production

  2. Training Training is an effective tool for assisting professionals in capacity building and putting the cleaner production concept into practice. Training -- typically the next activity after the conduct of awareness programmes -- is both resource intensive and time consuming and hence a strategic approach is necessary. . What will we learn here?

  3. Strategic Approach for Creation and Sustenance of Training Programmes

  4. Training Step 1: Identification of Target Stakeholders and Training Needs The target stakeholders are those where awareness creation process has been already initiated. Training Needs Assessment (TNA) – For planning training programmes

  5. Training A Format for Training Needs Assessment

  6. Training Step 2: Selection of a Partner(s) • Partner selected for the programmes should be the first choice. • Potential Partner agencies include universities offering courses on environmental management, energy technology, business management etc or vocational training institutes. • Develop a network of trainers/training institutions that could assist the Centre in meeting the training needs. This is typically the Training of Trainers (ToT) approach. These trainers can also become Centre’s local consultants • Models of revenue sharing and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) needs to be formalized.

  7. Training • Dos and Don’ts for Nurturing the Training Partner • Donot treat the Partner as an outsider • Ensure that the Partner understands what is expected of him/her/them; i.e. in terms of donning a part of the training • mantle of the Centre, in the future. • Where possible, sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Partner. This could underscore details of sustaining the training cycle on behalf of the Centre in the future, details of intellectual ownership, revenue-sharing and so on.

  8. Training Preparation for the Training Programme Preparation for the training programme would entail the Centre's interaction with the Partneron the following -- Content of the training programme and the Preferred delivery mechanisms. Content: Should be in a language and style that is most familiar to the stakeholders (i.e., easy to read and grasp). It is important that the content of the training programme reflect the actual training needs and not the content that a Centre or its Partner can easily provide. Should be based on four components viz. lecture notes, self assessment questions, case studies, and resources.

  9. Training Preparation for the Training Programme • Delivery mechanism: • Class room instructions • Group work based or case study driven instructions • Field or facility based instructions • Delivery forms: • A continuous training event e.g. over two to five days at one time • A discrete and relatively short training event e.g. one day a week over • a longer duration e.g. three months • A flexible learning event (e.g. distance learning)

  10. Training Conducting the Training Programme • The milestone of conducting training are: • Logistics. • Sharing of responsibilities. • Promotion and actual conduct of the event. • The training programme must be conducted in a disciplined and standardized manner. • Key portions of the text may require to be translated depending on the background of the trainees. • The CPC should develop a number of checklists for selecting, and inspecting the venue, organizing training equipment.

  11. Training Conducting the Training Programme • Organization of the Training Programme • A short presentation on the purpose or objectives of the training programme. • A self introduction of the participants and faculty. • Time slotted for discussions/questions after each presentation or session • Adequate time for experience sharing by the participants. • Time reserved at the beginning and close of each day for making any practical announcements. • A session on the assessment of the trainees (short quizzes, group work etc). • A closing session on evaluation of the training programme.

  12. Training Conducting the Training Programme Who should be conducting the training programme? Selection criteria of the training faculty is a critical aspect. The faculty, in addition to having a practical experience in cleaner production and/or allied areas, must be an excellent communicator. Good communicators are alwaysgood trainers where as people who are just technically proficient may not always be good trainers. Training programmes run by a single faculty (however competent) are not effective. The Centre should involve at least two to three lead faculty members in designing the content and implementing the training programme. Faculty should be drawn from a mix of experience. This widens the perspective.

  13. Training Remember! As the time will go by, the Centre will play the role of a “training manager”