Passive Voice Ümit Ünsal KAYA www.umitkaya.com
Active - Passive • In English, sentences can be in either active or passive voice. • In active voice the “doer (subject)” is important. We know the doer. Görkem writes these stories. (Ali is the doer, “stories” is the object) • In passive voice we don’t know the “doer” or the “doer” is not important. These stories are read by all the students. (“These stories” is emphasized.)
Present Passive • Iwashmy car every week. • My caris washed every week. We can add the “doer” if we want: • My caris washedby me every week. -------------------------------------------------- Warning: Not every verb can be passive, intransitive verbs (fall, go, come, return, die, live, climb, etc.) don’t have passive forms because they take no object.) I return to Afyon. Afyon is returned by me. (WRONG) am/is/are V3
Exercises • She makes a cake on Sundays. • A cake is made by her on Sundays. • The secretary writes the letters • Letters are written by the secretary • We learn new words every day. • New words are learned by us every day. • The dog eats bone. • Bone is eaten by the dog. • Girls don’t play football. • Football is not played by the girls. • He doesn’t sell fruit. • Fruit is not sold by him. • Linda doesn’t study German. • German is not studied by Linda.
Any => No • I don’t eat anything in the mornings. • Nothing is eaten by me in the mornings. • I don’t love anybody. • Nobody is loved by me. • She doesn’t drink any alcohol. • No alcohol was drunk by her.
Passive with Modals • When making the modals passive, “be” is used instead of “am, is, are” after the modal. • I can solve this problem. • This problem can be solved by me. • We have to wear a tie. • A tie has to be worn. • They should finish the project. • The project should be finished.
Simple Past Passive • When making past passive, was / were are used instead of am,is,are before the verb. • Hepaintedthis wall yesterday. • This wallwas paintedby him yesterday. • Shehelpedme last week. • I was helpedby her last week.
Exercises • He saw Lisa in Antalya last year. • Lisa was seen in Antalya last year. • They wrote paragraphs yesterday. • Paragraphs were written by them yesterday. • The teacher didn’t answer the question. • The question was not answered by the teacher. • We didn’t decide the place for the party. • The place for the party was not decided by us. • She prepared this report. • This report was prepared by her.
Question form • Do you remember the answers? • Are the answers remembered by you? • Does she sing “Ağrı Dağı Türküsü”? • Is Ağrı Dağı Türküsü sung by her? • Did they wash the dishes? • Were the dishes washed by them? • Did you visit him at the hospital? • Was he visited by you at the hospital?