Culture. Chapter 3 Mr. Schoffstall. What is Culture ?. The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life. Culture is everything around us and it is most likely the biggest influence on us as humans. . The Components of Culture. A. Symbols
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communication is based on signals that are primarily instructional
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf argued language is more than attaching labels to the “real world.” The Sapir- Whorf thesis holds that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language
values that people hold vary to some degree by age, sex, race, ethnicity, social class and religion. Individuals will experience inconsistency and conflict with personal values
Sanctions-Considerations, influences, or principles
that dictate ethical choices.
Ex: If you cheat you will fail a class; the chance of failing is a sanction. It shapes your ethical choice on if cheating is ok or not.
Mores- The accepted traditional customs and
usages of a particular social group.
1. Cultural Lag
-cultural elements change at different rates, which may disrupt a cultural system
2. Causes of Cultural Change
- invention, discovery, and diffusion
F. Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativity
When certain cultures change faster than others causing a disruption to the cultural system.
Ex: New music and clothes
Human creation to help society’s way of life.
Ex: Cell Phones.
Critical evaluation: underestimates the extent to which societies change
Critical evaluation: minimizes a sense about the integrative properties found within these same systems
Critical evaluation: there is lack of scientific proof of their assertions
An educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the US and promoting the equality of all cultural traditions
Humans way of expressing what they feel is fair to them.
Culture patterns that separate parts of society’s population.
Ex: Different beliefs - Hippies
Cultural patterns that disagree with the accepted society.
Humans realizing or finding new information about the world and society.
Ex: Finding Gold
Traits that are seen in every culture
NONMATERIAL CULTURE- Culture that involve rules, regulations, behaviors, feelings and manners.
POPULAR CULTURE- Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society’s population.
Subculture is a part of a culture that (i.e. a different ethnic background) that functions as a part of a greater culture, while still keeping their own.
An educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting the equality of all cultural traditions.
Human rights are rights that are natural, everyone should have the opportunities and equalities that everyone else has.
Separation of roles and manners of two genders in a social system
Set of symbols that serve as a medium for communication.
Counterculture is a part or a group of society that does not follow the norm or structure of society.