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Poetry – Figurative Language and Structure. An Introductory Lesson . What is Poetry?. Major type of literature in which sound is as important as meaning. Poetry uses sound devices to give the work a musical quality. Poetry uses images to paint vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.

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slide2

What is Poetry?

  • Major type of literature in which sound is as important as meaning.
  • Poetry uses sound devices to give the work a musical quality.
  • Poetry uses images to paint vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.
lesson objectives
Lesson Objectives
  • Use structural features to distinguish among types of poems such as haiku, form/shape poetry, cinquain, etc.
  • Identify and explain the meaning of words, lines, and stanzas
slide4

Types of Figurative Language

  • Hyperbole
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Personification
  • Simile
  • Alliteration
  • Metaphor
hyperbole
Hyperbole

Definition

Big exaggeration, usually with humor

Example

I ate a mile-high ice cream cone.

onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia

Definition

Example

Naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it.

Buzz, hiss, roar, woof

personification
Personification

Definition

Giving inanimate objects - human qualities.

Example

The old house screeched in pain as we entered and the old stairs groaned in pain as we climbed to the second story.

simile
Simile

Definition

Example

A figure of speech comparing two unlike things using the words like or as

The sun is like a yellow ball of fire.

metaphor
Metaphor

Example

Definition

The desert is a burning carpet.

Comparing two things without using like or as.

alliteration
Alliteration

Definition

Example

The repetition of initial consonant sounds in two or more words or syllables.

The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we walk by.

a poem has
A poem has…
  • A line or verse is a single line of poetry.
  • A stanza is two or more lines of poetry.
  • Website: www.poetry4kids.com
  • How many stanzas does the poem have?
  • How many lines?
slide12

My Robot Does My Homework

My robot does my homework.

He helps me every night.

The trouble is he doesn't get too

many answers right.

He'd probably do better

at homework but, you see,

I built him, so he only knows

the things he learned from me.

--Kenn Nesbitt

cinquain
Cinquain
  • A cinquain is based on syllable or word count.
  • The more current form of cinquain moves by line from one word to two words to three words to four words and concludes with a single word.
cinquain14
Cinquain

Puppy

ornery, naughty

growling, jumping, chewing

a playful bundle of trouble

Boxer

Penguin

black, white

waddling, swimming, leaping

a tuxedo in the cold water

Emperor

haiku
Haiku
  • A haiku is a form of Japanese poetry which has three lines focused on a single element.
  • It often follows the pattern of

5-syllables

7-syllables

5-syllables

haiku16
Haiku

Two white butterflies

Fluttering over green grass:

One goes east, one west

Sleepy bumble bees

Buzzing about plum blossoms

In the setting sun

narrative poem
Narrative Poem
  • A narrative poem tells a story in verse.
  • The speaker of the poem is not always the poet.
  • The speaker is the creation of the poet and voices the words of the poem.
  • The speaker has a personality and attitude that is discernable to a reader.
  • Pay attention to the attitude of the speaker and connecting them to the words of the poem assists a reader with comprehension.
the toy eater
The Toy Eater

Follow along with the poem and listen for:

  • The story
    • Character
    • Setting
    • Beginning
    • Middle
    • End
    • Problem
    • Solution ?
concrete or shape poem
Concrete or Shape Poem
  • A shape poem has the form of its subject. For example a poem about a tree is shaped like a tree.
slide21

References

  • http://www.shelsilverstein.com/play.asp
  • www.poetry4kids.org
  • http://www.johngrandits.com/concrete-poem/index.php
  • I borrowed liberally from other PowerPoint presentations that I found on the Internet.