Economic Costs of Autism. Martin Knapp London School of Economics & King’s College London (IoP) Based on research conducted with Renee Romeo & Jennifer Beecham. Our over-riding concern is how to meet personal & family needs … So why is economics relevant?
London School of Economics
& King’s College London (IoP)
Based on research conducted with
Renee Romeo & Jennifer Beecham
So why is economics relevant?
Scarcity never enough resources to meet all of society’s needs or wants.
So … economists are asked to look carefully at:
Could be due to:
Most recent study is by Gillian Baird et al (Lancet 2006) in SE England of children aged 9-10
We have assumed prevalence of 1% of total UK population have ASD
… with different behavioural characteristics,
… and different implications for support from families, formal services etc
… and hence (probably) different costs
We were hampered by lack of data and we have simply distinguished:
From Gillian Baird’s study we assumed:
Again – very difficult to find any national or even local data … so estimates made from various sources (NAS, Emerson report on people with ID, Bebbington & Beecham on Children in Need …)
We got data from:
We re-grouped and inflated these data to fit residence categories and cover UK
And we also looked at:
And we estimated social security benefits received – but these might ‘double-count’ some other costs
Children – annual cost in the UK
Low-functioning ASD = £1,727 mill.
High-functioning ASD = £991 mill.
Adults – annual cost in the UK
Low-functioning ASD = £16,907 mill.
High-functioning ASD = £8,573 mill.
Aggregate cost – for children and adults - for high-functioning and low functioning autism:
Someone with low-functioning ASD =£4.7 million
Someone with high-functioning ASD = £2.9 million
And so …?