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World Trade Center. The Towers & The Memorial. The presentation model of the World Trade Center. The Twin Towers. At 110 stories each, 1 WTC (North Tower) and 2 WTC (South Tower) provided nearly 10-million-square feet of office space for about 35,000 people and 430 companies.
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World Trade Center The Towers & The Memorial
The Twin Towers • At 110 stories each, 1 WTC (North Tower) and 2 WTC (South Tower) provided nearly 10-million-square feet of office space for about 35,000 people and 430 companies. • Attracting around 70,000 tourists and commuters every day, they were the tallest buildings in New York City, and for a brief period upon their completion, they were the tallest buildings in the world. • On a clear day, views extended 45 miles from the top of the towers in every direction – far enough to see all five New York City boroughs, New Jersey and Connecticut.
Twin Towers Facts • Each weighed more than 250,000 tons, contained 99 elevators and had 21,800 windows. • Each floor was an acre in size and there was enough concrete in the towers to build a sidewalk from New York City to Washington, D.C. • The complex even had its own zip code: 10048. • The Twin Towers were completed in 1973
Twin Towers Facts • In February 1993, terrorists with links to an Islamist extremist group detonated explosives in a van parked underneath the WTC. • Six people were killed and thousands were injured. • On September 11, 2001, as part of a series of coordinated suicide attacks, two planes struck both towers . • 2, 753 victims were killed in the attack on the WTC.
The Immediate Reaction The Attacks
The Memorial • An international design competition was held in 2003 for selecting the design for a national memorial to remember and honor the people killed in terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and February 26, 1993. • Design submissions totaled 5,201 and were received from 63 nations. • The winner of this contest: "Reflecting Absence" by Michael Arad
Components of “Reflecting Absence” • Two reflecting pools with the largest man-made waterfalls in the United States • Deciduous trees bordering open spaces • The names of each person who died in both this attack and the 1993 bombing in bronze panels along the sides of the pool. • Memorial pavilion
Questions to Consider: • 1. What do you think is significant about the number and placement of the pools? • 2. What is symbolic about deciduous trees? • 3. Why did the designer include wide open spaces?
The 9/11 Memorial • The 9/11 Memorial will be dedicated on September 11, 2011 the 10th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks in a ceremony for victims’ families. • It will open to the public on September 12, 2011 and will welcome visitors who have reserved advance passes • The 9/11 Memorial Museum will open in September 2012 • http://www.911memorial.org/wtc-history