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Review for Final. Final will take place Monday, This room. Format. 85 multiple choice worth 50% 4 discussion problems worth 50% exam is closed notes/closed book Exam will be comprehensive. Bring. Pencils Calculator Orange Scantron sheet appetite. Content.

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review for final

Review for Final

Final will take place Monday, This room

format
Format
  • 85 multiple choice worth 50%
  • 4 discussion problems worth 50%
  • exam is closed notes/closed book
  • Exam will be comprehensive
bring
Bring
  • Pencils
  • Calculator
  • Orange Scantron sheet
  • appetite
content
Content
  • We have covered Chapters 2,3,4,6,7,9,10,11,12,13,14,15
  • material on project management
  • Goldratt’s Critical Chain
  • At least half of the material will come from the last third of the course
typical discussion problems
Typical discussion problems
  • Construct an activity on node Pert chart from a table; Determine duration, ES, EF, LS, and LF
  • Perform earned value analysis:BCWP, BCWS, ACWP, CV,SV
  • Perform crashing of networks
  • PERT
  • Aggregate production planning
  • A business process re-engineering problem
  • A quality control chart
  • A simple house of quality (QFD) problem
why has project management become so in vogue
Why has Project Management become so in-vogue?
  • diversity of new products and product markets
  • shorter life span of products
  • rapid technological changes
what are the major reasons for project failure
What are the major reasons for project failure?
  • Inadequate conceptualization and definition
    • Specifically, inadequate requirements
  • Absence of a plan
  • Unavailable resources when needed
  • Scope and hope creep
  • Unresponsive contractors who deliver their product late
what are the four stages of the project lifecycle
What are the four stages of the project lifecycle?
  • Conceptualization and Definition
  • Planning and Budgeting
  • Execution and Control
  • Termination and closure
in which of these stages is a wbs started
In which of these stages is a WBS started?
  • Conceptualization and Definition
    • First 3 levels
  • {The WBS is usually finished in the Planning and Budgeting stage}
what are the nine knowledge areas
Scope management

Time management

Cost management

Quality management

Integration management

Risk management

Procurement management

Human resource management

Communications management

What are the nine knowledge areas?
in which stage is scope management most important
In which stage is scope management most important?
  • The first stage: Conceptualization and Definition
activity definition is
Activity definition is ___
  • a subproject
  • a process
  • a problem
  • a plan
  • WHICH???
project scope management processes
Project Scope Management Processes
  • Initiation
  • Scope Planning
    • Construction of the WBS
  • Scope Definition
    • Product scope
    • Project scope
  • Scope Verification
  • Scope Change Control
project time management processes
Project Time Management Processes
  • Activity Definition
  • Activity Sequencing
  • Activity Duration Estimating
  • Schedule Development
  • Schedule Control
project cost management processes
Project Cost Management Processes
  • Resource Planning
  • Cost Estimating
  • Cost Budgeting
  • Cost Control
project quality management processes
Project Quality Management Processes
  • Quality Planning
  • Quality Assurance
  • Quality Control
the main purpose of a project plan is
The main purpose of a project plan is ____
  • acquire resources
  • guide project execution.
  • meet standards expectations.
  • reduce risk.
the most important output of project execution is
The most important output of project execution is
  • Work products
  • Not---change requests
  • Not—the WBS
what are the five steps of the theory of constraints goldratt
What are the five steps of the Theory of Constraints (Goldratt)?
  • IDENTIFY the project constraint
  • Decide how to EXPLOITE that constraint
  • SUBORDINATE everything to that decision
  • ELEVATE the system’s constraint
  • Go back to step a
slide21
NOT…
  • SUBORIDNATE that decision to everything else
you should know
You should know
  • How to construct a PERT chart from a table
  • How to construct a Gantt chart from a table
  • How to perform PERT crashing
  • How to do EVA
questions about ms project
Questions about MS Project
  • Which key for subordination
  • Which key for linking
  • How to view project duration and cost on the project information dialog box
  • How to see all of the activity costs
for ms project to cost your project it needs to know
For MS Project to cost your project, it needs to know
  • Resource hourly costs
  • Activity fixed costs
  • THIS IS ALL
in ms project durations of phases
In MS Project, durations of phases
  • Containing one of more subordinate tasks can be specified only by MS Project
when using the standard calendar ms project assumes
When using the standard calendar, MS Project assumes
  • 8-hour work days
  • No work on Sat or Sun
questions over critical chain
Questions over CRITICAL CHAIN
  • Major conclusions, recommendations
  • Goldratt’s view of EVA
  • What to Measure
  • What to Focus on
more questions on critical chain
More Questions on CRITICAL CHAIN
  • To avoid non critical paths from becoming critical you should…
  • Critical chain is the sequence of tasks performed by key persons both on and off the critical path
measurements should
Measurements should
  • Induce the parts to always do what is good for the system as a whole
why does goldratt not like bcwp bcws acwp
Why does Goldratt not like BCWP, BCWS, ACWP?
  • Because they have no sensitivity to the critical path
if you have task on the critical path and
If you have task on the critical path and
  • Your time to complete that task has arrived, then Goldratt recommends that you drop everything and just focus on that task until you get it done!!
notes on shortening project durations
Notes on shortening project durations
  • This must be done in the Planning and Budgeting stage
  • Crashing
    • Reducing the duration of tasks on the critical path
  • Fast-tracking
    • Starting tasks sooner
  • Adding resources??
  • Checking for parallelism opportunities in the schedule
    • Pull as much work off of the critical path as you can
more tips on shortening project durations
More Tips on shortening project durations
  • REUSE, REUSE, REUSE
  • Do it right the first time
  • Avoid changes to requirements
more techniques for shortening projects
More techniques for shortening projects
  • Scrub the requirements
    • Remove from the requirements those items that add little or no value
    • Remember the Pareto principle—80% of the value comes from 20% of the functionality
  • Do everything right the first time (AGAIN)
  • REMOVE SAFETY--GOLDRATT
for each chapter
For each chapter….
  • Skim the chapter
  • Examine the SUMMARY and the SUMMARY OF KEY TERMS SECTIONS at the end of each chapter
chapter 2 operations strategy
Chapter 2: Operations Strategy
  • Know the four process types
  • Know the three types of make-to
  • Know the difference between core competencies and support competencies
chapter 14 quality management
Chapter 14: Quality Management
  • Name three quality gurus
  • Describe the relationship between TQM and continuous improvement
  • Understand the costs of quality
  • What is the relationship between quality and productivity?
    • Remember the yield formula??
chapter 15 statistical quality control
Chapter 15: Statistical Quality Control
  • Know p-charts, c-charts, xbar-charts, rbar-charts
  • Which of these are used for attributes, which for variables?
  • Will not test you on AOQ, LTPD
    • {old antiquated concepts}
chapter 4 processes and technologies
Chapter 4: Processes and Technologies

Quality Function Deployment

House of Quality

chapter 4 cont d process planning analysis
Chapter 4, Cont’d: Process Planning, Analysis…
  • Process analysis, flowcharts
    • SYMBOLS: Operation, Inspect, Transport, Delay, Storage
  • Flexible Manufacturing Sys, Robotics
  • IT: Expert Systems, Decision Support Systems
  • CIM
reengineering design principles
Reengineering design principles
  • Eliminate handoffs
  • Organize around outputs
  • Capture information once at the source
  • Eliminate multiple external contact points
  • Simplify work
chapter 7 supply chain management
Chapter 7: Supply Chain Management
  • Logistics by any other name
  • IT Integration
  • The bane of SCM is ______?
chapter 9 capacity planning aggregate production planning
Chapter 9: Capacity Planning & Aggregate Production Planning
  • Long-range planning
  • Medium range planning—aggregate prod planning
  • Short-range planning
chapter 10 inventory management
Chapter 10: Inventory Management
  • Basic EOQ model
  • Basic re-order point model
  • All units price discounting
chapter 12 enterprise resource planning
Chapter 12: Enterprise Resource Planning
  • ERP Implementation
  • Dependent demand
  • An information system
  • Inputs: MPS, Inventory Master file, Bill of materials (product structure file)
  • Outputs: Purchase orders, shop orders
  • Taken by itself, is MRP at all sensitive to capacity??
chapter 13 scheduling
Chapter 13: Scheduling
  • Sequencing and assignment
    • FIFO, LIFO, SPT, EDD, etc.
  • Johnson’s 2-machine scheduling
chapter 17 project management
Chapter 17: Project Management
  • Probabilistic Pert—be able to find the mean and standard deviation when given an optimistic, most likely and pessimistic estimate
  • BE able to calculate project duration, project variance for PERT projects