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Water Baptism. Authority and Action. He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned. Mark 16:16. Much Disagreement. Purpose of baptism Mode of baptism Element of baptism Subject of baptism Time of baptism

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water baptism

Water Baptism

Authority and Action

Part 1

slide2

He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned.Mark 16:16

Part 1

much disagreement
Much Disagreement
  • Purpose of baptism
  • Mode of baptism
  • Element of baptism
  • Subject of baptism
  • Time of baptism
  • Not God’s fault! 1 Cor. 14:33 (Jno. 8:32; Eph. 3:3-4; 5:17)

Part 1

baptist church baptism not necessary for salvation
Baptist Church:Baptism not Necessary for Salvation

“While baptism is important it is notnecessary for salvation. The biblical passages quoted by the Churches of Christ to argue for the necessity of water baptism do not prove their point.”

Website: North American Mission Board, SBC (emphasis, jrp)

Part 1

new baptist president wants 1 million baptisms a year
New Baptist president wants 1 million baptisms a year

“As the new president of the Southern Baptist Convention, the Rev. Bobby Welch says he will travel to all 50 states to push his goal of baptizing 1 million people a year.”

-Skagit Valley Herald, C1, 14Aug2004

Part 1

baptist faith and message
Baptist Faith and Message

“Christian baptismis the immersion of a believer in water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It is anact ofobediencesymbolizing the believer’s faith in a crucified, buried, and risen Saviour, the believer’s death to sin, the burial of the old life, and the resurrection to walk in newness of life in Christ Jesus.

Part 1

baptist faith and message1
Baptist Faith and Message

“It is a testimony to his faith in the final resurrection of the dead. Being a church ordinance, it is prerequisite to the privileges of church membership and to the Lord’s Supper.”

The Baptist Faith and Message

VII. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper

(emphasis mine)

Part 1

question
Question:

Why all the time & expense over something said to be unnecessary for salvation?

Part 1

if baptism is not necessary for salvation then according to sbc not necessary to
If baptism is not necessary for salvation, then according to SBC, not necessary to:
  • Obey to be saved (Matt. 7:21; Heb. 5:9)
  • Show one’s faith to be saved (Jas. 2:17)
  • Show faith in resurrection (Jno. 11:25-26)
  • Be member of Baptist Church (Acts 2:47; 1 Cor. 12:13; Eph. 4:4; 5:23)
  • Eat the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor. 11:24-26)

Part 1

beware the tradition of men colossians 2 8
Beware the Tradition of MenColossians 2:8
  • Speak the words of God, 1 Pet. 4:11
  • First principles needed, 2 Pet. 1:12
  • Establish your faith, Col. 2:6-8
  • Persuade you to obey the gospel of Christ & be saved, Acts 22:16

Part 1

divine authority for baptism matthew 21 23 27
Divine Authority for BaptismMatthew 21:23-27
  • Authority of Christ, Matt. 28:18-19
  • In the name of: A relationship with God that is by divineauthority(Gal. 3:27; 2 Cor. 5:17)

Part 1

divine authority for baptism matthew 21 23 271
Divine Authority for BaptismMatthew 21:23-27
  • Not a “baptismal formula” or rite, Matt. 28:18-19
    • Allegiance to & relation with Christ,Acts 19:2-5; 16:14-15 (Gal. 3:27)

Part 1

authority applied through word 1 corinthians 1 13 17
Authority Applied through Word1 Corinthians 1:13-17
  • Not by the person who baptizes
    • Christ was crucified for you,1:13
    • Baptized into His name,1:13
    • Therefore, be named after Christ
  • Authorized by Christ through gospel, not the person who baptizes

Part 1

authority applied through word 1 corinthians 1 13 171
Authority Applied through Word1 Corinthians 1:13-17
  • Not a “church ordinance”
    • Baptism before the church, Acts 2:41
    • How one is added to church, Acts2:47 (1 Cor. 12:13)
  • Authorized by Christ through gospel, not the church

Part 1

the element of baptism in the name of jesus christ
The Element of Baptism “in the name of” Jesus Christ
  • A commanded element, Acts 2:38, 41
  • Not the Holy Spirit, Acts 8:12-17
  • Water is commanded, Acts 10:47-48
  • Baptism “in the name of” Jesus Christ is water baptism!

Part 1

the action of baptism
The Action of Baptism
  • Usage of the word (bapto): “to dip, dip in, immerse…Jno. 13:26”
    • baptizo: “baptize” (80), Acts 2:38
    • baptisma: “baptism” (22), Eph. 4:5
    • baptismos: “baptisms, washings” (4), Heb. 6:2
    • baptistēs: “a baptizer”, “Baptist” (14), cf. John, Matt. 3:1

Part 1

action of baptism
Action of Baptism
  • The lexicons:
    • baptizo:
      • “to baptize....was used among the Greeks to signify the dyeing of a garment, or the drawing of water by dipping a vessel into another, etc.” (Vine, 50)
      • “prop. to dip repeatedly, to immerge, submerge...to cleanse by dipping or submerging…” (Thayer, 94)

Part 1

action of baptism1
Action of Baptism
  • The lexicons:
    • baptizo:
      • Bagster: “To dip, to immerse”
      • Bloomfield: “to immerse; to sink”
      • Donnegan: “to immerse…to submerge”
      • Greenfield: “to immerse, immerge, submerge, sink”
      • Green: “to dip, immerse:
      • Liddell & Scott: “to dip in or under water”

Part 1

action of baptism2
Action of Baptism
  • The lexicons:
    • baptisma:
      • “baptism, consisting of the processes of immersion, submersion and emergence (from bapto, to dip)” (Vine, One Vol. Ed., 50)
      • “…immersion, submersion” (Thayer, 94)

Part 1

action of baptism3
Action of Baptism
  • Contextual usage:
    • Matt. 3:16: “When He had been baptized, Jesus went up straightway out of the water”
    • Jno. 3:23: “…there was much water there” (“were many waters there”, YLT)
    • Acts 8:38-39:“…went down into the water, and he baptized him…they came up out of the water…”

Part 1

action of baptism4
Action of Baptism
  • The figure of baptism is burial
    • Col. 2:12:“buried with Him in baptism”
    • Rom. 6:4: “Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death”
    • Rom. 6:5:“For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death”

Part 1

what about sprinkling
What about Sprinkling?
  • 2nd cent: Allowed if a scarcity of water

Part 1

what about sprinkling1
What about Sprinkling?
  • 2nd cent: Allowed if a scarcity of water
  • 251 AD: Death bed (clinical baptism)
  • 753 AD: Pope Stephen II okayed cases (illness, cold weather, infants, hindrances)
  • 9th cent: Still viewed as exceptional
  • 13th cent: Thomas Aquinas said allowable
  • 1311 AD: Council of Ravenna approved it
  • 16th cent: John Calvin was indifferent

Galatians 1:6-9; 2 John 9

Part 1

water baptism1
Water Baptism
  • Not a church ordinance
  • Not a rite or ceremony
  • Not validated by a certain person
  • Authorized by Christ through His gospel, Mk. 16:15-16
  • For salvation from sins, Acts 2:38;Rom. 6:3-7; 1 Pet. 3:21

Part 1