ecstasy n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ECSTASY PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ECSTASY

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

ECSTASY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 194 Views
  • Uploaded on

ECSTASY. Kacey Carlson Santiago Zarate. Basic Information. Scientific name: Methylenedioxymethamphetamine Or MDMA Other names: XTC, X, Adam, Hug Drug, Beans, Love D rug, Molly, etc. Taken by Capsule or Tablet Stimulant

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

ECSTASY


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. ECSTASY Kacey Carlson Santiago Zarate

    2. Basic Information • Scientific name: Methylenedioxymethamphetamine • Or MDMA • Other names: XTC, X, Adam, Hug Drug, Beans, Love Drug, Molly, etc. • Taken by Capsule or Tablet • Stimulant • Originally patented as an appetite suppressant in 1912 and could be obtained by prescription • Not widely used until 1980s and then was used for its euphoric feeling • 1985 became illegal, but easily attainable at raves • Effects can occur after right away, days, or weeks after taking • Overdose is deadly

    3. Effects • Neurological: the neurotransmitter of serotonin • Increases production of serotonin and prolongs signal • Similar effects on norepinephrine and dopamine • Leaves larger “holes” in the brain in certain areas • Meaning these areas of the brain are now irreparable and unusable

    4. Short Term Effects • Enhanced sense of self confidence • Increase in energy • Feelings of peacefulness, acceptance, and empathy • Involuntary teeth chattering or clenching • Lose of inhibitions • Transfixion of sight and sound • Nausea • Blurred vision • Chills and/or sweating • Increase blood pressure and heart rate • Possible seizures

    5. Effects • Long Term effects • Muscle breakdown • Kidney and Liver failure • Cardiovascular Problems and Failure • Sleep Problems • Anxiety • Depression • Confusion • Cravings for Drugs • Damage to Cells and Neurons • Serotonin • Interference or Disruption of Memory

    6. Users • In 2001-02, users were mostly young adult Caucasians. • Now it has grown to multiple ethnicities and races • Often used in night club scene, dance parties, raves • Used with other drugs as a part of a “multi-drug experience”. • More young adults use than teens • Effects on Teens vs. Adults: not much of a difference except that teens’ brains are still developing so they tend to have more memory problems later in life than those who use as adults

    7. General Statistics • In 2009, 76,000 people ages 12+ had used this drug • Lifetime use increase from 4.3% (10.2 million) in 2002 to 5.7% (14.2 million) in 2009 • In 2010 number declined • 1.1 million reported first time use in 2009 which is a huge increase from 894,000 first time users in 2008 MDMA Use by Students Monitoring the Future Survey, 2010 8th Grade 10th Grade 12th Grade Lifetime** 3.3% 6.4% 7.3% Past Year 2.4 4.7 4.5 Past Month 1.1 1.9 1.4

    8. Addictive Statistics • Survey of adults and adolescents found that 43% of those who used met the diagnostic criteria for dependence of MDMA • Abstinence-Associated withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, depression, and trouble concentrating • Chronic users perform poorly of cognitive and memory tasks • Exposure for 4 days causes damage seen up to 6 to 7 years later.

    9. Consequences • Legally: possession or supply of ecstasy range from a $2000 fine and/or two years in prison up to a $50,000 fine and/or life imprisonment • Socially: rejection from friend group and family, rejection goes like-wise if you quit • Personally: grades suffer do to memory problems created by MDMA, suffer from long term health effects (kidney, liver, and cardiovascular problems and failure) can get depression, anxiety, and sleep problems

    10. Treatment Options • No specific treatment or Pharmacological treatments available • Most effective treatment for drug abuse and addiction in general are cognitive-behavioral intervention that are designed to • Modify thinking • Expectancies • Behavior related to drug use • Drug abuse recovery support groups are highly recommended

    11. Sources • http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/mdma-ecstasy • http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/ecstasy • http://www.abc.net.au/quantum/poison/ecstasy/ecstasy.htm • Teens Under the Influence by Katherine Ketchem and Nicholas A. Pace, M.D.