Contents - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

dimaia
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Contents PowerPoint Presentation
play fullscreen
1 / 13
Download Presentation
Contents
177 Views
Download Presentation

Contents

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Contents • Optical Fibers; • Optical Fiber Sensors; • Microstructured Optical Fibers; • Suspended Core Fibers: • Tapering; • Setup; • Spectral Response; • Strain and Temperature Characterization; • Conclusions. Ricardo Melo André

  2. n1 n2 n1 OpticalFiber • Differentrefractive índices in core andcladding; • Propagationby total internalreflection. Ricardo André - ENEF XII

  3. Optical Fiber Sensors • How can we use Optical Fibers as sensors? DL/L DT Ricardo Melo André - IJUP 2010 - February 18 2010

  4. Microstructured OpticalFibers (MOFs) • PhotonicCrystalFibers (PCFs): • Index guiding PCFs • Photonic bandgap PCFs. • OtherMOFs: • Suspended Core Fibers, BraggFibersandothers. Ricardo André - ENEF XII

  5. Tapering of Suspended Core Fiber • VYTRAN GPX-3000 • Tapering of microstructured optical fibers with extreme control; Ricardo Melo André

  6. Suspended Core Fiber Tapers • Tapers down to 20 μm of external diameter: • Nanocore diameter of 330 nm. • No hole collapse; • Cladding guidance below 600-700 nm core. 125 μm fiber 2.1 μm core 810 nm fiber Ricardo Melo André

  7. Fiber Loop Mirror Setup • Erbium-doped broadband source (1550 nm); • Optical Spectrum Analyzer • 3 dB coupler; • Polarization controller; • Suspended-core fiber section with taper. Ricardo Melo André

  8. Spectral Response Analysis • Two interferometers: • High Birefringence; • Intermodal Interference; • Higher visibility; • Cleaner spectrum (only birefringence). Ricardo Melo André

  9. Strain Characterization • Strain sensitivity increase with taper waist diameter decrease. • 2.1 μm core • 0.718 pm/με • 810 nm core • 2.41 pm/με Ricardo Melo André

  10. Temperature Characterization • 2.1 μm core • 2.1 pm/K • 810 nm core • 56.2 pm/K • At lower diameters, higher birefringence dependence on temperature. Ricardo Melo André

  11. Conclusions • Nanowire Characteristics: • High degree of protection / Independence of external medium; • Triangular, highly birefringent shape; • High temperature sensitivity; • Enhanced strain sensitivity; • High spectral stability; • Clean and easy-to-read spectrum; Ricardo Melo André

  12. Acknowledgments • COST TD1001 Information and Communication Technologies; • Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany; • Dr. Orlando Frazão and Prof. Manuel B. Marques; • Thanks for your attention. Ricardo Melo André