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Community Health Forum Presents

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  1. Community Health ForumPresents Dental Health and You

  2. Proper dental care can prevent: • Tooth decay • Gum disease • Bad breath

  3. 6 months

  4. Oral Anatomy

  5. Baby teeth • Babies usually have no visible teeth when they are born

  6. Baby teeth • First teeth begin to erupt at 6 months • An additional pair are added each month • Total of 20 milk teeth

  7. Baby teeth • Baby teeth begin to fall out around age 6 when your adult teeth start to come in • Baby teeth are usually gone by age 12

  8. Adult teeth • Average adult has 32 teeth • 16 on top and 16 on the bottom

  9. Adult teeth • 4 incisors • for cutting food

  10. Adult teeth • 2 canines • for tearing food

  11. Adult teeth • 4 premolars • for crushing and grinding food

  12. Adult teeth • 6 molars • for grinding food • last pair of molars are the wisdom teeth

  13. Tooth Anatomy • Teeth are composed of three principal regions • Crown: the exposed portion above the gums

  14. Tooth Anatomy • Neck: point where the gums contact the tooth • Root: portion below the gum line

  15. Tooth Anatomy • Inside each tooth is composed of three layers

  16. Tooth Anatomy • Enamel: hardest substance in the body (A) • To protect the tooth when you chew

  17. Tooth Anatomy • Dentin: calcified connective tissue that is harder than bone (B)

  18. Tooth Anatomy • Pulp Cavity:(C) Contains blood vessels & nerves (D) and the root canal • Filled with pulp(E) • Your teeth are alive!

  19. Oral Disease

  20. Plaque • Plaque is the sticky film of bacteria that coat your teeth • These bacteria secrete acids as a waste product that can dissolve enamel

  21. Cavities • Formed when the enamel is dissolved by the acid from the bacteria • These bacteria live on sugars

  22. Cavities • Cavities must be drilled first and then filled. • The deeper they penetrate into the tooth, the more difficult the repair.

  23. Plaque • Plaque left in place long enough forms tartar • Tartar provides a permanent home for harmful bacteria

  24. Periodontal disease • Plaque accumulates forming tartar • A build up of tartar can lead to disease of the teeth or gums: periodontal disease

  25. Periodontal disease • Bacteria begin the process that creates toxins that destroy bone

  26. Periodontal disease • Bone that recedes from teeth and does not come back

  27. Periodontal disease • Tooth loss can occur

  28. Dentures • Sometimes the damage is so bad, the teeth must be removed. • False teeth called dentures will take their place

  29. Signs of periodontal disease • Persistent bad breath • Swollen or shrinking gums

  30. Dental problem to avoid at all costs • Chewing tobacco

  31. Chewing tobacco and your teeth • Contains more sugar than candy

  32. Chewing tobacco and your teeth • Chewing tobacco can lead to: • periodontal disease • cavities • cancer

  33. Oral Hygiene How to keep your teeth clean

  34. Steps in brushing your teeth • Get a soft brush and toothpaste with fluoride • Fluoride helps to harden your enamel

  35. Steps in brushing your teeth • Start with brush at 45o angle to gums

  36. Steps in brushing your teeth • Allows bristles to clean under gum line

  37. Steps in brushing your teeth • Continue with a circular motion over the fronts of each tooth

  38. Steps in brushing your teeth • Brush all of your teeth!

  39. Steps in brushing your teeth • Brush inside and back of each tooth

  40. Steps in brushing your teeth • Brush the chewing surfaces

  41. Steps in brushing your teeth • Brush your tongue and roof of your mouth

  42. Steps in brushing your teeth • Brush at least twice a day

  43. Flossing your teeth • Most cavities and periodontal disease begin in- between your teeth.

  44. Flossing your teeth • Flossing removes the plaque and food particles that your tooth brush cannot reach.

  45. Steps in flossing your teeth • Take out about 18” of floss