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Arctic Explorer: The Story of Matthew Henson. Jeff Cole Bishop Elementary. Background: Matthew Henson. Proper Nouns-Capitalization-Peary, Matthew, Eskimos, Inuits, Artic, North Pole Italicize titles such as: North Greenland Expedition, Kite North Pole, 70 degrees north latitude

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Arctic Explorer: The Story of Matthew Henson


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background matthew henson
Background: Matthew Henson
  • Proper Nouns-Capitalization-Peary, Matthew, Eskimos, Inuits, Artic, North Pole
  • Italicize titles such as: North Greenland Expedition, Kite
  • North Pole, 70 degrees north latitude

(the Arctic Circle)

background matthew henson3
Background: Matthew Henson

Greenland is the largest island in the world and is a part of the North American Continent—the continent where we live.

word knowledge
Word Knowledge

words that end with -s, -x, -ch, or -ss

Walrus +es = walruses

Fox + es = foxes

Stitch + es = stitches

Boss + es = bosses

(read, questions, sentences, extention)

word knowledge5
Word knowledge

Greenland Eskimos August Henson

Proper Nouns begin with CAPITOL LETTERS but common nouns do not!

(read, questions, sentences, extension)

word knowledge6
Word Knowledge

Inexperienced impossible independent unfriendly

in-, im, or –un mean not

Change meaning of root words

Experienced possible dependent friendly

Name other words with –in, im, or or –un.

(read, questions, sentences, extension)

word knowledge7
Word Knowledge

Handshake moonlight lifetime understand

From anthology selection and are compound words

Name some other examples.

(read, questions, sentences, extension)

word knowledge sentences
Word Knowledge Sentences
  • The startled walruses poked their heads out of the water.
  • Identify the two words with the inflectional ending –ed
  • Startle as verb to startled used as an adjective
  • Poke from present to poked, the past tense.
word knowledge sentences9
Word Knowledge Sentences
  • On June 21 Matt saw Greenland for the first time.

(Identify proper nouns)

  • They did find some unfriendly walruses
  • what part of speech is unfriendly, which word does it describe
  • (unfriendly is an adjective and it describes the noun walruses)
  • My grandfather has seen many changes in his lifetime.

(which are compound words)

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Ex-pe-di-tion
  • Art-ic
  • Gla-ciers
  • Constellation
  • Insulation
expedition
Expedition
  • Before he made this famous expedition he went on several trips to the artic with Robert Perry.
  • Astronauts go on expeditions to find out more about space.
  • Expedition – a journey made to accomplish something
  • Synonyms-outing, trip, excursion
arctic
Arctic
  • “It was June 1891,” Matt Henson wrote, “that I started my first trip to the arctic regions.
  • The trip to Greenland was Matt Henson’s first trip to the arctic journey.
  • Arctic – having to do with the North Pole
  • Synonyms-north, polar
glaciers
glaciers
  • Matt saw glaciers that looked like thick, flowing cream, frozen into white walls.
  • Glaciers, huge, slow moving masses of ice, can cause damage to large ships.
  • Glaciers-large, slow moving masses of ice
  • Synonyms- none
constellation
constellation
  • While he watched the starts the Eskimos explained that the constellation he called the Pleiades was really a team of dogs chasing a polar bear.
  • The Little Dipper is a constellation, a group of fixed stars that have a name.
  • Constellation – a group of fixed stars that have a name
insulation
Insulation
  • Even though Matt always covered the inside of his boots with soft dry moss for insulation, his heels froze.
  • Insulation is used in houses to make sure they don’t lose heat.
  • Insulation - a material that keeps heat from being lost
slide16

Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2)Day 1 (334-339)- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload

  • Point to photograph on page 235

How many woman are shown in this picture?

_____________ shows_____________.

(The picture shows one woman.)

How many men are shown in the picture?

_____________ shows ______________.

(The pictue shows six men.)

What is the main idea of this picture?

The _____ shows that ______ woman and ______ men were in the expedition.

(The picture shows that one woman and and seven men were in the expedition.)

slide17

Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2)Day 1 (334-339)- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload

  • Point to the picture on page 337
  • Does the map show that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892 or 1982?
  • The map shows that Peary’s ______ happened in ___________.
  • (The map shows that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892.)
slide18

Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2)Day 1 (334-339)- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload

Does the map show that they explored Ellesmere?

The map shows that the expedition explored a very large island named _____________.

(The map shows that the expedition

explored a very large island

named Greenland.)

What is the main idea of this map?

The ______shows that Perry's ________ explored Greenland in ______.

(The made shows that Perry's expedition explored Greenland in 1892.)

slide19

Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 2 340-345 Polar bear, seal, reindeer, caribou, fox, Inuits, Eskimos, survive, hunt, fur, walrus

(2) The expedition needed Eskimo

woman to use the animal furs

to make warm clothes to wear.

(3) The expedition needed the fur clothes to survive in the cold

climate of the Artic.

(1) The expedition

needed Eskimo men

to help them hunt

Animals for meat

and furs.

main idea the expedition needed the eskimos to help them survive in greenland
Main Idea: The expedition needed the Eskimos to help them survive in Greenland.

While Matt finished the small wooden house, the other men went to find Eskimos to join their group. (The men would have to use sign language because none of them spoke Eskimo.) Peary (1) needed Eskimo men to help hunt polar bears and seals and walruses and reindeer and caribou and foxes for furs and meat. He (2) needed Eskimo women to chew the furs and sew them into pants and coats. The thickest wool coat from home would be useless in the Arctic; (3) they had to have clothing made of the same fur that kept the arctic animals warm. In exchange for their work. Peary would give the Eskimos pots and pans, needles, tools, and other useful items.

day 3 346 351 blubber whip fuel chew sledge sinew igloo
Day 3 (346-351)blubber, whip, fuel, chew, sledge, sinew, igloo

The Eskimos used

sledges pulled by

dogs to travel.

The Eskimos used the

animal skins and furs

to make clothes and

boots.

The The Eskimos

used animal bones

and sinew to make

needles and thread.

slide22
Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages 352-357 serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous

____ did not _____ because______ .

  • Why didn’t Matt cross the ice cap?
  • Matt did not cross the ______ because his _____ froze.

(Matt did not cross the ice cap because his heel froze.)

  • Why didn’t the Eskimos cross the ice cap?
  • The________ did not cross he ice cap because they_______ an evil spirit there.

(The Eskimos did not cross he ice cap because they feared an evil spirit there.)

slide23
Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages 352-357 serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous
  • Why didn’t the rest of the men in the expedition cross the ice cap?
  • The rest of the ____did not cross the ________ because it was too hard and dangerous.

(The rest of the men did not cross the ice cap because it was too hard and dangerous.)

slide24
Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages 352-357 serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous
  • What is the main idea that these details support?
  • Only two ______ in the ________actually crossed the ice cap.
  • (Only two men in the expedition actually crossed the ice cap.)
slide25
Day 4 Comprehension Review Questions: Pages 352-357 serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous
  • What did Matt learn how to build when he went hunting with the Eskimos?
  • How do you think sharing helped the Eskimos live without laws and wars? (Answers will vary!)
  • Who were the first men to cross the ice cap of Greenland?
  • What island did the expedition explore?
  • Who taught the explorers how to survive in the Arctic?
  • Who led the expedition and was one of the first men to cross the ice cap in Greenland?
  • What would you like about visiting the Arctic? What would you not like? Why?
day 5 matthew henson quiz
Day 5: Matthew Henson Quiz
  • Picture pages 348-349

What main idea about the Eskimos does this picture show?

  • Picture pages 343

What main idea about the expedition does this picture show?

  • Picture 353

What main idea about the Eskimos does this picture show?

  • Map on page 337

Why didn’t the expedition find a way to get to the North Pole?