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University of Copenhagen New Gaulish Inscriptions Celtic Spring · 23 May 2012. Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic Studies NUI Maynooth. I. The Pottery of Lucius Cosius (L-143a-c). Lucius Cosius.

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university of copenhagen new gaulish inscriptions celtic spring 23 may 2012

University of CopenhagenNew Gaulish InscriptionsCeltic Spring · 23 May 2012

Prof. Dr. David Stifter

Dept. of Old and Middle Irish

School of Celtic Studies

NUI Maynooth

New Gaulish Inscriptions

slide2
I.

The Pottery of Lucius Cosius (L-143a-c)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

slide3
Lucius Cosius

Source: Allard Mees, Modelsignierte Dekorationen auf südgallischer Terra Sigillata [= Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 54], Stuttgart: Theiss 1995

New Gaulish Inscriptions

l cosius series celebrating trajan s victories
L. Cosius’ Series Celebrating Trajan’s Victories

worked in La Graufesenque

highly individual style

exported productsto entire empire

finds from all over Europe

  • active around 110-120 A.D.
  • triumph held by Hadrian for Trajan in Sept. 118; ludi Parthici set up by Senate

Partu(s)

Germani Arsacidae

Decibalu(s)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

lucius cosius l 143a
Lucius Cosius (L-143a)

Decibale · n[….]

ateuane

XXXX

Found in La Graufesenque 1980

Decibale: vocative of Decibalus, last king of the Dacians († 106 A.D.)

ateuane: 2sg imperative of *ate-u̯an-e/o- (ate- = ‘re-’, u̯an- = ‘to strike, wound’; cp. OIr. ad·goin ‘to wound again‘‚ MW adwanaf ‘to strike again’; Gaul. PN Atuanos)

n[…]: ne | ateuane‘do not strike again!’, or nu·te | ateuane ‘now, slay yourself!’ ?

(cp. nu gnate de dama gussou ‘now, son, don’t yield to violence’ (L-66, Plate of Lezoux)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

lucius cosius l 143a1
Lucius Cosius (L-143a)

‘Decibalus, do not strike again!’

or

‘Decibalus, now, slay yourself!’

DECIBALE · N[….]

ATEVANE

New Gaulish Inscriptions

lucius cosius l 143b c
Lucius Cosius (L-143b+c)

Vase of Blain (FR), found 1868

nuto· […]

dusạ[.]ḅị

Decibale

dumeṇus

[.]ṭ?ụ·bṛ[..]

[…]nu

[…]coui

[…]u

cp.: .[

m[

u·b.[

raian[

tutuei.[

trasato[

Found in Kaiseraugst (SUI),

1970-74

Found in Clermont-Ferrand

New Gaulish Inscriptions

lucius cosius
Lucius Cosius

]TV[.][

]TRA[

]OST[

]A?NC[

][.]I[

Found in Vertault (FR)

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lucius cosius1
Lucius Cosius

L Cosi

Decibalu (2×)

Partu

Found in La Graufesenque 1979

New Gaulish Inscriptions

slide10
Lucius Cosius (L-143)

To appear in:David Stifter, ‘New early second-century Gaulish texts from La Graufesenque (L‑143a‑c)‘, Keltische Forschungen 5 (2010-11 [2012])

New Gaulish Inscriptions

slide11
II.

The Lead-plate from Rezé (L-142)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

rez l 142
Rezé (L-142)

A1:

alissuiu[.]allosat SS -XX[..]S[..]

trilu -XXXVSSHS

paetrute . -XXVIII S=

pixte XVI S==

suexxe XS=

suanmanu -XVIIII-.

-------------------

suma -XDXXXHSO S=

third(ly?)

fourth(ly?)

fifth(ly?)

sixth(ly?)

repeated in B1 with some errors

Lead plate from Rezé (mouth of River Loire, 2nd c. A.D.), receipt of debt repayments, business notes?

rez l 1421
Rezé (L-142)

A3:

serinoti

sequndo

dinariIu

XXXV

B4:

setigi prino

ascani usare

boletu XV

this sells

Secundus

for-denars

35

this ... buys/bought (?)

Ascanius are

for-boleti (?) 15

slide14
Rezé (L-142)

To appear in:Pierre-Yves Lambert & David Stifter, ‘Le texte gaulois de Rezé’, Études Celtiques 38 (2012), forthc.

New Gaulish Inscriptions

slide15
III.

The Chartres Defixio

New Gaulish Inscriptions

chartres
Chartres

New Gaulish Inscriptions

chartres1
Chartres

A:

Vatumaros · Senouiri ·

Cantognatos Virato ·

Conbarilos Aberxtobogii

Raros · Esuatexti · Toutisa

Alignati · seto(?) · cantipisontas

sondios · adgario ·

duti · so · adogarie olusami

loguardicni*tascouipus

adgariontas eti · so · adgarie...

Minio · Mario

*locnardicni(?)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

chartres2
Chartres

B:

Tasguni · Abrestubogiu ·

Paulo Tasgunias ·

Cornuto · Cornilio ·

Lami · Eponicnos ·

eto · cantipisontas ·

eti · Cornuti ·

Toutisa · Vi(m)pili ·

Felice · uo · contest[

duti · so · cantigarie ·

sondiobi ·

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chartres3
Chartres

Names

(format IN + Patr, Gent. + Cogn.):

Vatumaros Senouiri

Cantognatos Virato

Conbarilos Aberxtobogii

Raros Esuatexti

ToutisaAlignati

Minio · Mario

Paulo Tasgunias

Toutisa Vi(m)pili

inverted order?:

Tasguni Abrestubogiu

Cornuto Cornilio

Lami Eponicnos

unclear:

olusami Loguardicni Tascouipus ?

Cornuti

Felice (uo · contest[)

New Gaulish Inscriptions

chartres4
Chartres

Recurrences:

(s.?)eto cantipisontas A5 = eto cantipisontas B5

duti so adogarie A7 = duti so cantigarie B9

eti so adgarie A9, eti Cornuti B6

adgario[s] A6, adogarie A7, adgariont(-)as A9, adgarie A9

cantigarie B9

cantipisont(-)as A5, B5

sondios A4, sondiobi B10

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my acknowledgements go to
My acknowledgements go to

Fritz Mitthof

Pierre-Yves Lambert

New Gaulish Inscriptions

thank you very much for your attention

Thank you very much for your attention

Prof. Dr. David StifterDept. of Old and Middle Irish

School of Celtic

National University of Ireland

Maynooth

New Gaulish Inscriptions

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