Australia Geographic and Economic Influences
Australia Trivia • Australia is the largest inhabited island, but it is the smallest and least populated continent in the world. It is also the flattest and driest continent. • Australia has more than 150 million sheep and only 20 million people. • The Tasmanian devil, a meat-eating marsupial (from the kangaroo family), lives in Australia. • Forty types of kangaroos and wallabies live in Australia • January 26 is Australia Day, celebrating the first arrival of the ships filled with convict “settlers”. • Australia’s first policemen were a group of a dozen of the best – behaved convicts. • Kangaroos are like camels: They don’t need much water. In fact, they can survive months without taking a drink!
Australia’s Exports • Coal • Iron ore • Gold • Meat • Wheat • Aluminum • Wool • machinery
Australia’s Trading Partners • Australia sells its products to many other countries. Japan buys the most goods from Australia, while New Zealand buys the least. • Japan 19.1% • China 14.3% • South Korea 8% • India 5.9% • U.S. 5.8% • New Zealand 5.2%
Australia’s Imports • Computers and office machines • Oil • Telecommunication equipment • Machinery
Did you know? • Australia produces almost all of its own food on the island. Food is not a major import – because it does not need to be. Local farmers produce dairy, poultry, beef, vegetables, and wheat, right on the island!