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Sharia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Sharia. Divine Law, or God’s Law; It is the system of rules that Allah intended for Humans. Qu’ran (Koran). The word of Allah, transmitted through the messenger Muhammad; it is the primary source of Sharia. fiqh. the legal doctrine of discernments and comprehensions of the Sharia.

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Presentation Transcript
sharia
Sharia

Divine Law, or God’s Law; It is the system of rules that Allah intended for Humans

qu ran koran
Qu’ran (Koran)

The word of Allah, transmitted through the messenger Muhammad; it is the primary source of Sharia

slide3
fiqh

the legal doctrine of discernments and comprehensions of the Sharia

sunna
sunna

the way or path, referencing Muhammad's own speech and actions

hadith
hadith

the Prophet’s sunna conveyed by reports of the speech or acts of the Prophet(Muhammad’s teachings, stories or sayings)

sharia qu ran hadiths fiqh
Sharia (Qu’ran & hadiths)& fiqh

the sources of Islamic Law

imam iman
Imam (iman)

an Muslim leader

slide8
Qudi

judges in an Islamic court

had crimes
had crimes

the most serious Islamic crimes which have specified punishments in the Qu’ran

had crimes1
had crimes

Examples- murder, theft, robbery, damaging another person’s reputation, drinking alcohol, and deserting the faith

  • standard for proof of guilt is high; Qudi has no flexibility in deciding the punishment
qesas
qesas

a crime of retaliation; the crimes which the victim or the victim’s family can exact a punishment

slide12
diya

money paid for damages as part or all of the punishment for a qesas crime

tazir crimes
tazir crimes

the least serious Islamic crimes, such as bribery, selling defective or inappropriate products etc.

Qudihas a great deal of freedom in deciding punishments