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High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci. 1452-1519. Early Life. Madonna of the Rocks Geometrical arrangement of figures Chiaroscuro Sfumato Foreshortening Background treatments Artists live on commissions. Milan. Last Supper Used new fresco method Built into the room's end

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early life
Early Life
  • Madonna of the Rocks
    • Geometrical arrangement of figures
    • Chiaroscuro
    • Sfumato
    • Foreshortening
    • Background treatments
    • Artists live on commissions
  • Last Supper
    • Used new fresco method
    • Built into the room's end
      • Light from the side with the window
      • Door cut below
  • During WWII a bomb hit the monastery
  • Destroyed by erosion
“Among all the studies and reasoning, Light chiefly delights the beholder; and among the great features of mathematics the certainty of its demonstrations is what preeminently tends to elevate the mind of the investigator. Perspective, therefore must be preferred to all the discourses and systems of human learning.”

– Leonardo da Vinci

mona lisa
Mona Lisa
  • The greatness of the Mona Lisa
    • What do you see?
"'Those [artists] who are enamored of practice without science,' Leonardo explained, 'are like sailors who board a ship without rudder and compass, never having any certainty as to whither they go.'"

– Isacoff, Stuart, Temperament, Vintage Books, 2001, p. 85.

  • Coded
    • Read R L with a mirror
  • Scientific illustration
    • Used science to support art
  • Machines
  • Hydraulics
  • Vehicles on land
  • Architecture
  • Scientific method
“Those sciences are vain and filled with errors which are not borne of experiment, the mother of all certainty.”

Leonardo da Vinci

  • Only 17 paintings
  • Notebooks
  • Drawings of unfinished works
  • Diverted rivers to prevent flooding
  • Principles of turbine
  • Cartography
  • Submarine
  • Flying machine
  • Parachute
  • …And much more….
renaissance man16
Renaissance Man
  • Ancient:
    • Plato (daVinci)
    • Aristotle
renaissance man17
Renaissance Man
  • Renaissance period
    • Leonardo daVinci
    • Michelangelo and Raphael
    • Petrarch, Erasmus, Pico della Mirandola

Why were there so many Renaissance men during the Renaissance?

    • Lack of boundaries between disciplines
    • Knowledge was just knowledge
"I don't buy the notion that the world is organized the way universities and companies are. Ideas don't know what discipline they're in. We might kidnap them and say, 'That's a marketing idea' or 'That's an anthropology idea.' But if you walked up to an idea on the street, it wouldn't know about that."

– Gerald Zaltman, Professor of Business Administration at Harvard, personal communication, October 2003.

Leonardo’s Environment and Motivation
  • Earning a living (profit)
  • Rivalry with other artists
  • Scientific curiosity
  • Civic duty
early life21
Early Life
  • Born outside of Florence
  • Apprenticed as a sculptor
    • Master recognized his talents
commissions by medici
Commissions by Medici
  • Lived in the Medici palace
  • Studied anatomy
  • Several pieces for the Medici tombs, etc.
  • Commissioned to do Pietá
return to florence
Return to Florence
  • Commissioned to do David
return to rome
Return to Rome
  • Worked on tomb for Julius II
  • Sistine Chapel
  • Received funding from Pope Leo X
    • The Moses
st peter s
St. Peter’s
  • Architect for St. Peter’s
  • World’s greatest sculptor
    • See the figure inside the stone and remove excess
  • Painter
    • Mannerism
  • Poet
  • Architect
  • Engineer
early life33
Early Life
  • Born in Urbino
  • Quick learner and hard worker
time in rome
Time in Rome
  • Borrowed techniques from other great artists
  • Often sketched women and children
  • Architect for St. Peter’s
  • Died at 37 and buried in Pantheon
legacy of raphael
Legacy of Raphael
  • Refinement
  • Exemplar of the Renaissance
  • Expertise:
    • Artist, archeologist, writer, philosopher, teacher
titian and the venetian school
Titian and the Venetian School
  • Characteristics:
    • Vivid colors
    • Dynamics and dramatic movement
    • Sensuality
basic structure
Basic structure
  • Words dominate
  • Tone painting
  • Middle ages:
    • Monophonic
  • Renaissance:
    • Polyphonic
  • Late Renaissance:
    • Homophonic
  • Harmonies based upon Pythagoras
musical notation
Musical Notation
  • Invented to publish books of music
  • Invented instruments
  • Instrumental arrangements appeared
religious music
Religious Music
  • Natural sounding music
  • Mass
  • Composer’s music had to be screened
giovanni palestrina
Giovanni Palestrina
  • Adult life in Rome
    • Choirmaster, singer,/ director of music
  • Reactionary period
    • Church suppressed music that did not enhance words of the Mass
    • Polyphony was distracting
  • Works were conservative
giovanni palestrina46
Giovanni Palestrina
  • Wrote over 100 masses
    • Gregorian chant
    • Mass in Honor of Pope Marcellus
  • Influenced later music
  • Buried in St. Peter’s Basilica
    • “The Prince of Music”
secular music
Secular Music
  • New instruments
  • Chansons favored in the court
    • Courtly Love
  • Madrigals
    • Poetry and Music
  • As important as music
  • First considered a separate form of art
  • Some courts had dance masters
    • “balli”