HAZARDOUS WASTE . Liz Ferree, Nicole Zapata, Melissa Campagnoli, Ana Perkovic. Thesis . “Consumers need to be less apathetic an pressure companies to decrease the amount of toxic chemicals use in electronics in order to lessen the damaging effects on the environment an people.” .
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Liz Ferree, Nicole Zapata, Melissa Campagnoli, Ana Perkovic
“Consumers need to be less apathetic an pressure companies to decrease the amount of toxic chemicals use in electronics in order to lessen the damaging effects on the environment an people.”
Story of Stuff
According to the U.S Environmental Protection Agency, hazardous waste is “waste with properties that make it dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. The universe of hazardous wastes is large and diverse. Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, contained gases, or sludges. They can be the by-products of manufacturing processes or simply discarded commercial products, like cleaning fluids or pesticides”.
-hazardous waste is a waste that appears on one of the four hazardous wastes lists (F-list, K-list, P-list, or U-list), or exhibits at least one of four characteristics—ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity.
Storage: Often old electronics are stored in people's houses. This only serves to delay the day they are finally discarded and reduces the chances they could be effectively reused.
Landfill/Incineration: When mixed with domestic waste, electronics will most likely end up in a landfill or incinerated. Both methods allow toxic chemicals to pollute the environment.
Reuse and Export: Old computers and phones are often exported to developing countries for reuse or recycling. The vast majority are crudely recycled in e-waste scrap yards causing widespread pollution.
Consumption CalculatorQuestion: Are you concerned about where your electronic products go? -Not at all: 14 students -Somewhat: 21 students -Very: 3 students -Don’t know: 1 studentQuestion: How many cell phones have you ever owned? -0-2: 13 students -3-5: 18 students -6-more: 8 studentsQuestion: How many TVs are currently in your house? -0-2: 17 TVs -3-5: 17 TVs -5-more: 4 TVs
Story of Stuff
The evolution of trade-1990s: EU, Japan and some U.S. state governments set up e-waste “recycling” systems-Dilemma: these countries lacked capacity to deal with quantity of waste-Therefore, they began exporting waste to developing countries -laws to protect workers and environment are inadequate or not enforced-Incentive: 10x cheaper to “recycle” waste in developing countries-Demand grew in Asia once scrape yards proved valuable -i.e. 1 mobile phone = 19% copper & 8% iron-UN’s estimate: a total of 20-50 million tons of e-waste generated each year worldwide -comprising over 5% of all solid waste-Fate of e-waste is still unknown -exported illegally (to Africa or recovery in Asia) -Asian workers in scrape yards are exposed to toxic chemicals -result: water & air pollutionTrade
*International treaty designed to reduce movements of hazardous waste from developed to less developed nations (LCDs)
-Disposal costs for hazardous waste rose dramatically in 1970s
-Globalization made transboundary movement accessible
-Consequently, LDCs became desperate for foreign currency
-Of the 170 parties to the Convention, Afghanistan, Haiti and the United States have signed but have yet ratified
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What' in your Comp/Phone
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Green my Apple
>As a mercury and arsenic free laptop it exceeds European Standards
>BFR and PVC free printed wiring on the motherboard (big Step-Sony 1st)
>Not entirely free of hazardous chemicals
>Only green product Macbook Air
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